BMT West End Line

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For the former surface line, also owned by the BMT, see West End Line (Brooklyn surface).
BMT West End Line
NYCS-bull-trans-D.svg
The D train serves the entire BMT West End Line at all times.
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System New York City Subway
Termini Ninth Avenue
Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue
Stations 13
Operation
Opening 1916–1918
Owner City of New York
Operator(s) New York City Transit Authority
Character Open Cut (Ninth Avenue only)
Elevated
Technical
No. of tracks 3–6
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Electrification 600V DC third rail
BMT West End Line
South Brooklyn Railway
BMT Fourth Avenue Line
formerly to 5th Avenue El
36th–38th Street Yard
Ninth Avenue(lower level abandoned)
formerly to BMT Culver Line
Fort Hamilton Parkway
50th Street
55th Street
62nd Street
71st Street
79th Street
18th Avenue
20th Avenue
Bay Parkway
25th Avenue
Bay 50th Street
Coney Island Complex
Stillwell Avenue Yard
BMT Sea Beach Line
Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue
BMT Brighton and IND Culver lines

The BMT West End Line is a line of the New York City Subway, serving the Brooklyn communities of Borough Park, New Utrecht, Bensonhurst, Bath Beach and Coney Island. The D train operates local on the entire line at all times. Although there is a center express track and three express stations along the line, there is no regular express service at this time.

The elevated line, originally mapped as the New Utrecht Avenue Line (though the common name prevailed after construction), replaced the surface West End Line.

History[edit]

The line was originally a surface railway to Coney Island, called the Brooklyn, Bath and Coney Island Railroad.[1] Under the Dual Contracts of 1913, an elevated line was built over New Utrecht Avenue, 86th Street and Stillwell Avenue, fully opening to Coney Island on July 21, 1917. The original surface right-of-way was retained for use by trolley cars to provide local service and protect the company's franchise.

Service patterns[edit]

Elevated line over 86th Street at Bay Parkway station
Route designation on BMT Triplex equipment
  Time period Section of line
NYCS D all times full line

The West End Line has had an express (on the BMT Fourth Avenue Line) service – labeled 3 in 1924 – since it opened in 1916, passing over the Manhattan Bridge and onto the BMT Broadway Line express tracks. In the late 1950s, midday trains were switched to the local Fourth Avenue tracks and through the Montague Street Tunnel, and late night and Sunday service became a shuttle between Coney Island and 36th Street. The express and local services were assigned the designations T and TT in the early 1960s. With the opening of the Chrystie Street Connection in late 1967, the B train from Manhattan and the Bronx was extended to Coney Island, absorbing the T and TT (both ran express on Fourth Avenue). The TT late night and Sunday shuttle survived until 1968, when the B became full-time. It ran local on Fourth Avenue during late night hours, but express at all times. Late night operation was cut back to a shuttle to 36th Street in 1976.

In 2001, when reconstruction of the Manhattan Bridge north tracks, the B service in Brooklyn was replaced by the new W train, which ran as a shuttle not only to 36th Street during nighttime hours, but also to Atlantic Avenue – Pacific Street on weekends. In 2002, reconstruction of Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue resulted in the West End Line being the only line to serve the terminal and the W was extended full-time into Manhattan, using the local Fourth Avenue tracks and Montague Street Tunnel on weekends and late nights hours.[2]

In 2004, the Manhattan Bridge reconstruction was completed, and the W was replaced with an extended D train, running over the bridge at all hours and express on Fourth Avenue except late nights. The restored Brooklyn D service was moved to the West End Line instead of returning to the Brighton Line on which it had run since 1967, except for periods of construction rerouting, in order to avoid running two separate (B and D) shortened lines outside of weekday hours. The plan was for the B to run only on weekdays in the Bronx, while the restored service on the Brighton Line (formerly the D) was to run only on weekdays in Brooklyn. Thus, moving the B to the Brighton Line meant it would only need to be operated during weekday hours. This eliminated the need to run late-night and/or weekend shuttles on either the Concourse Line or the West End Line.[3]

The other service pattern was the "West End Short Line", a rush-hour local (on Fourth Avenue) service between the BMT Nassau Street Line in Lower Manhattan and 62nd Street or Bay Parkway. It became part of the TT in the early 1960s and was discontinued in 1967.

In 1987, the short line service was essentially recreated when the rush-hour M extension to Brooklyn was moved from the BMT Brighton Line to the West End Line terminating at Bay Parkway. It terminated at Ninth Avenue until 1995, when it was cut back to Chambers Street. It was extended again from 2001–04 while the Manhattan Bridge was closed for reconstruction. In 2010, as part of a series of MTA budget cuts, rush-hour M service was discontinued.

Chaining information[edit]

The West End Line is chained BMT D. This is completely unrelated to the fact that the current (2014) primary service designator is also D; the name overlap is a coincidence.

Station listing[edit]

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Time period details
Neighborhood Handicapped/disabled access Station Tracks Services Opened Transfers and notes
splits from the BMT Fourth Avenue Line (D all times)
Center Express track begins (No Regular Service)
connecting tracks to former BMT Culver Line (No Regular Service)
connecting tracks to 36th–38th Street Yard from local tracks
Sunset Park Ninth Avenue all D all times June 24, 1916 former transfer to BMT Culver Line
Borough Park Fort Hamilton Parkway local D all times June 24, 1916
50th Street local D all times June 24, 1916
55th Street local D all times June 24, 1916
Bensonhurst 62nd Street all D all times September 15, 1916 BMT Sea Beach Line (N all times) at New Utrecht Avenue
71st Street local D all times September 15, 1916
79th Street local D all times September 15, 1916
18th Avenue local D all times September 15, 1916
20th Avenue local D all times December 29, 1916
Handicapped/disabled access Bay Parkway all D all times December 29, 1916
25th Avenue local D all times December 29, 1916
connecting track to Coney Island Yard
Gravesend Bay 50th Street local D all times December 21, 1917
connecting track to Coney Island Yard
Center Express track ends
Coney Island Handicapped/disabled access Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue all D all times December 23, 1918 BMT Brighton Line (Q all times)
IND Culver Line (F all times)
BMT Sea Beach Line (N all times)

In popular culture[edit]

Over the years, the West End line has been featured in movies and television shows.

Under the structure, between 50th Street and Fort Hamilton Parkway stations

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]