BMW 335 (1939–41)

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BMW 335
MHV BMW 335 1939 01.jpg
BMW 335 4-door Berline (sedan/saloon)
Overview
Manufacturer Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW)
Production 1939–1941
410 built (estimated)
Designer Fritz Fiedler
Body and chassis
Class Full-size luxury car
Body style 4-door saloon, 2 & 4-door cabriolets
Layout FR layout
Related BMW 326
Powertrain
Engine 3485 cc OHV M335 Straight 6
Transmission 4-speed manual[1]
all- synchromesh
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,980 mm (117 in)
Length 4,840 mm (191 in)
Width 1,700 mm (67 in)
Height 1,690 mm (67 in)
Curb weight 1,300 kg (2,900 lb)
(measurements approximate)
Chronology
Successor BMW 501

The BMW 335 is a six-cylinder sports sedan produced by the Bavarian firm between 1939 and 1941.

BMW 335 4-door cabriolet

The market[edit]

Commercial success for the BMW 326, introduced in 1936, encouraged a move upmarket. This would involve BMW in challenging the dominance then enjoyed by Mercedes-Benz over a lucrative sector, with their 320 and 340 models.

The approach[edit]

BMW were producing, in their Eisenach plant, the model that would form the basis for the larger car. The 326 had already spawned successful sporting derivatives. The 335 was also to be based on the 326, but with the wheelbase and chassis extended to accommodate a 3485 cc M335 six-cylinder in-line engine.[2] Despite clearly reflecting the approach taken with existing BMW units, this was an entirely new design. Claimed maximum power output of 90 bhp (67 kW)[3] was lower than the values advertised for comparably sized and powered Jaguars of the period, it achieved full power at only 3500 rpm. With 90 bhp (67 kW), the car had top speed of 145 km/h (90 mph).[4]

The engine’s additional weight prompted the fitting of larger brake drums and wheels than on the 326. The 335 sustained BMW’s reputation for innovation, being the first car to offer a four-speed gear box with full synchromesh on all ratios.

The car was sold as a four-door sedan and as a two- or (more unusually) four-door cabriolet.

The launch[edit]

A prototype 335 was first presented at London in 1938.[2] The car was branded for these purposes as a Frazer Nash. There had been close relations between BMW and England ever since BMW had established themselves in the small-car market by building a version of the English Austin 7. Frazer Nash had been BMW’s English importers since 1934, and after the war BMW design chief Fritz Fiedler, the man primarily responsible for designing and developing the 335, would for several years work with Frazer Nash’s successor company in London.

The production version was launched on the German market as the BMW 335 in 1939.

A short life[edit]

The German invasion of Poland in September 1939 triggered the Second World War. Initially, aspects of Germany's peacetime economy persisted, and BMW were able to produce 335s at their Eisenach facility. Perfect production records are thought not to survive, but it appears by the time passenger car production ceased in 1941, more than 400 had been assembled.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "1939 BMW 335". conceptcarz.com. Archived from the original on 9 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-11. 
  2. ^ a b Hart, Roger (July 23, 2012). "A Taste of Luxury". Autoweek 62 (15): 20–21. ISSN 0192-9674. 
  3. ^ Martin, Keith (September 2012). "Como to Goodwood, in Style". Sports Car Market 24 (9): 48–50. 
  4. ^ "Technical specifications of 1939 BMW 335". carfolio.com. Archived from the original on 25 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-12.