BMW 7 Series (E65)

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BMW 7 Series E65/E66/E67/E68
BMW E66 760Li 01.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer BMW
Production 2001–2008
Model years 2001-2008
Assembly Dingolfing, Germany
Rayong, Thailand
Toluca, Mexico
Kaliningrad, Russia
Designer Adrian van Hooydonk (1998)
Body and chassis
Class Full-size luxury car
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine Petrol
3.0 I6
3.6 V8
4.0 V8
4.4 V8
4.8 V8
6.0 V12
Diesel
3.0 I6
3.9 V8
Transmission Automatic
6-Speed
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,990 mm (117.7 in) (All SWB)
3,130 mm (123.2 in) (All LWB)
Length 5,029mm (198.0in) (Pre-LCI SWB)
5,169mm (203.5in) (Pre-LCI LWB)
5,039 mm (198.4 in) (LCI SWB)
5,179 mm (203.9 in) (LCI LWB)
Width 1,902 mm (74.9 in)
Height 1,492 mm (58.7 in) (Pre-LCI SWB)
1,492 mm (58.7 in) (Pre-LCI LWB)
1,491 mm (58.7 in) (LCI SWB)
1,484 mm (58.4 in) (LCI LWB)
Curb weight 1835kg (4045lbs) (2008 730i)
Chronology
Predecessor BMW 7 Series (E38)
Successor BMW 7 Series (F01)

The BMW E65 is the chassis designation for the 2001-2008 full-size luxury sedan 7 Series produced by BMW, and formed the fourth generation of the BMW 7 Series lineup. The BMW E65 7 Series was the first BMW to use different chassis numbers for its several different variants including the E66/E67/E68, which formed the Long-Wheelbase, BMW High Security and the BMW Hydrogen 7 models respectively. Alongside the BMW E53 X5 4.6is, the BMW E65 7 Series was introduced in the 2001 Frankfurt Auto Show, and replaced the BMW E38 7 Series after production ended on July 2001. Capital expenditure on alterations and extensions at the Dingolfing plant alone totalled approximately €500,000,000 in 2001 - This was related mainly to production equipment for the new BMW 7 Series and other future models at the time.


The BMW E65 7 Series generated much controversy when it first came out, due to its radical styling and steep learning curve for its iDrive system. This meant that just over 2,000 customers bought the BMW E38 7 Series (that were still in stock), rather than the newer BMW E65 7 Series. However, the BMW E65 7 Series became the best-selling BMW 7 Series ever, especially after its facelift in 2005. China was also the third largest market for the BMW E65 7 Series. The BMW E65 7 Series was then replaced by the BMW 7 Series (F01) in late 2008.

Initial Release[edit]

The development for the BMW E65 7 Series began in early 1996, and production specifications were frozen in January 1999. The design of the BMW E65 7 Series was patented in November 16 2000, and development then ended in mid-2001. The BMW E65 7 Series was first launched in Europe in November 17 2001, and then appeared in US and other markets in Spring of 2002. Early BMW E65 7 Series models had many problems mainly due to the functionality of the iDrive system. Thus, BMW repurchased a substantial amount of 2002-2003 7 Series cars in the USA, and BMW of North America also extended the factory warranty on 2002-2003 BMW E65 7 Series models from the 4-Year/50,000-Mile (80,000km) coverage to the 6-Year/100,000-Mile (160,000km) factory warranty. However, UK models are still protected by their original 3-Year/Unlimted-Miles warranty.

Long-Wheelbase 7 Series (E66)[edit]

This is the Pre-Facelift 760Li.

Long-Wheelbase versions of the BMW E65 7 Series were introduced in the end of 2002. Long-Wheelbase models only featured a longer body which meant extra legroom in the rear seats. The height, width and bootspace of the car is the same. In 2002, early Long-Wheelbase models included the 730Li, 735Li, 745Li, and the 760Li and 740Li was later introduced in 2003 and 2004 respectively. Long-Wheelbase models were 40mm (5.5in) longer compared to the normal E65 7 Series models.

BMW High Security 7 Series (E67)[edit]

The BMW High Security 7 Series is designed to offer safe protection for the passenger no matter where they are in the car. The BMW E65 7 Series meets the requirements of the B6/B7 weapons standard, and High Security models are able to withstand explosions or bullets. Underbody protection prevents grenade fragments from entering the passenger cell, and has been tested with hand grenades detonated below the driver and rear seats. Fibre-Reinforced material and special steel elements are used against armour piercing munitions, and the material prevents fragment and secondary projectiles from entering the passenger compartment and also keeps the angle of dispersion as small as possible. The BMW High Security 7 Series also features a multi-layer laminated triple glazing with an internal polycarbonate layer to protect passengers from glass fragments. Other exclusive features for the BMW High Security 7 Series also includes an 'Emergency Exit via the Front Windscreen', an Intercom system with an additional 'Attack Alarm' function, a Remote Starting System, a Fire-Extinguishing system with temperature sensors, an Emergency Fresh Air System, partially lowered windows and an Automatic Central Locking when Moving off.

Owners and chauffeurs of the BMW High Security 7 Series are offered exclusive special training programmes to practice the requirements of car control in case of a critical driving condition. BMW also offers a special 'buy back' service of Security Cars which are up to seven years old to prevent High Security models from going to the wrong people. The models are thoroughly inspected in BMW's Dingolfing plant, and then sold or go into BMW's 'car pool'. Cars from the 'Security Car Pool' are then made available for potential customers throughout the world at short notice.

BMW Hydrogen 7 (E68)[edit]

The BMW Hydrogen 7 which is available only as a facelift model.
Main article: BMW_Hydrogen_7

Development for the BMW Hydrogen 7 model began in 2002, and started to be tested in the end of 2005. The BMW Hydrogen 7 was then introduced to the public in November 2006. The BMW Hydrogen 7 can go from 0-60 in 9.5s and has a top speed of 143mph. The BMW Hydrogen 7 can switch from using Hydrogen power to Gasoline power via the press of a button. Only 100 BMW Hydrogen 7 models were made, and were sold solely to celebrities in order to spread awareness so that more car manufacturer's would start manufacturing Hydrogen-powered cars.

Styling[edit]

The arrival of the BMW E65 7 Series heralded a new styling era for BMW, as its design contrasted drastically with the 'conservative' styling on the BMW E38 7 Series. The BMW E65 7 Series' two-level rear end styling that features separate rear fenders with a "bustle-back" boot lid was derisively known as the "Bangle Butt" by critics. In fact, van Hooydonk's original 1998 sketch for the E65 was much more radical sleek fastback, but the final E65 profile was toned down considerably to a more conventional three-box sedan.

Controversy[edit]

The rearview of a debadged facelift BMW E65 7 Series.

The controversial design from Chris Bangle has been nicknamed the 'Bangle Era', by many people and critics from the BMW community. The controversy was over the 'Bangle Butt' which was the rear design of the boot lid, which follows the Flame Surfacing idea, that smooth lines would connect with rough edges. Also controversial was iDrive CCC (which was the name for BMW's first generation on-board computer system), as it had very complicated menu's and a very deep learning curve - It took many users about an hour to get used to the layout. Many of the controversial items on the BMW E65 7 Series were resolved when the facelift came out in 2005.

Technology[edit]

The interior of the BMW E65 7 Series.

The BMW E65 7 Series featured many different technological innovations that made it into many other BMW's and foreign automobile companies' vehicles. This included 'Push-Button-Start', which was standard on all models. This meant that the BMW E65 7 Series came with a square keyfob, which appeared on future models including on the BMW E63/E64 6 Series starting from 2006, and that you had to press a button to start the engine and not twist the key. The BMW E65 7 Series is also designed to automatically put the car in Park mode when the driver presses the Start/Stop Engine button to shut off the engine. Also, depending on which keyfob you use to unlock the car, the BMW E65 7 Series will adjust to all of your settings including your seating and steering wheel position, your favourite radio station and climate controls. Unlike the BMW F01 7 Series, the BMW E65 7 Series featured paddleshifters. According to BMW the new BMW 7 Series was "The world's first six speed automatic gear-box integrated shift-by-wire technology" and had gears that could "be changed using a new type of lever on the steering wheel and by Steptronic buttons located on the rim of the steering wheel."

All BMW E65 7 Series models featured a slightly different version of iDrive CCC (BMW's first on-board computer system), but featured the same controller knob from many other models. The original controller design resembled a pie dish, and only had a Menu button beneath it. Like the BMW E60 5 Series and BMW E63/E64 6 Series, the BMW E65 7 Series got a slightly redesigned controller (with leather on top) in 2007 and also featured 7 different programmable buttons. Voice Control was a standard option on every BMW E65 7 Series, but was also controversial as the commands were very direct and precise. The Voice Control could be activated via the button right next to the Menu button (for 2007+ models), or from the steering wheel. The BMW E65 7 Series did not feature iDrive CIC (which was BMW's second generation and less controversial on-board computer system), and that was implemented in the BMW F01 7 Series.

BMW held a 'Design for Recycling' program, and as a result the rear ventilation of the BMW E65 7 Series is "easy to dismantle and conducive to efficient separation of material into homogenous types, but can, itself, be manufactured almost completely with recycled material, in other words from plastics previously used in the manufacturing process."

Equipment[edit]

The front seat adjustment and heating options are in the centre console.

The BMW E65 7 Series receives a lot of standard equipment including iDrive, Satellite Navigation (via DVD), Digital Clock, Rear Centre Armrest, Interior Lighting and a Toolbox. All BMW E65 7 Series come with an Anti-Corrosion Protection system for the exterior. The 760i/Li get exclusive standard equipment including Adaptive Drive, EDC (Electronic Damper Control) and Dynamic Drive Suspension, a Self Levelling Suspension, a 8.8-inch iDrive display (and not the standard 6.5-inch display you get on other models), Logic7, BMW Professional CD (as oppose to BMW Business CD), Front Driver and Passenger Electric Comfort Seats and headrests with Active Function and a Mobile Phone Preparation with Bluetooth Interface. Automatic Air Conditioning with Automatic Air Recirculation is standard on all cars except for all 760i/Li models which has Automatic Air Conditioning with Extended Functions and an Anti-Mist Sensor instead.

All long-wheelbase models get chrome plated roof trims strips as standard, and is not available as an option or as a standard feature on all short-wheelbase models. Also, only the 760Li model gets Comfort Electric Rear Seats as a standard feature (and not the normal 760i).


Model Lineup[edit]

Production Figures[edit]

The following is the amount of BMW E65 7 Series models sold in its lifetime. Available Engines in bold include short and long-wheelbase models.

Year Available Engines Production Figures Notes
2001 735i, 745i 2,979
2002 730i, 735i, 745i, 760i, 730d, 740d 53,904 50,961 E65 7 Series and 2,543 E38 7 Series.
2003 730i, 735i, 745i, 760i, 730d, 740d 57,899 The 760Li was introduced in 2003.
2004 730i, 735i, 740i, 745i, 750i, 760i, 740d, 745d 47,689
2005 730i, 740i, 750i, 760i, 730d, 745d 50,062 2005 was the year the facelift came out for the BMW E65 7 Series.
2006 730i, 740i, 750i, 760i, 730d, 745d 50,227 No more model changes were made after 2005.
2007 730i, 740i, 750i, 760i, 730d, 745d 44,421
2008 730i, 740i, 750i, 760i, 730d, 745d 38,835 2008 was the last year of production for the BMW E65 7 Series.
Total 9 Different Engines 343,073 A total of 343,073 BMW E65's were produced. 340,530 E65's were sold and 2,543 E38's were sold.

Engines and Transmissions[edit]

All BMW E65 7 Series models only come with a 6-Speed Automatic transmission with in-built paddleshifters on the steering wheel.


Pre-Facelift BMW E65 7 Series Models Only

Model Weight Engine CC Alignment Power Torque Top Speed Redline 0-60 Model Years
730i 1715kg / 3781lbs M54B30 2979cc I6 170kW / 231PS / 228hp@5900rpm 300Nm / 221ft-lb@3500rpm 150mph 6500rpm 8.0s 2002-2008
730Li 2440kg / 5379lbs M54B30 2979cc I6 170kW / 231PS / 228hp@5900rpm 300Nm / 221ft-lb@3500rpm 150mph 6500rpm 8.2s 2002-2008
735i 1860kg / 4101lbs N62B36 3600cc V8 200kW / 272PS / 268hp@6200rpm 360Nm / 265ft-lb@3700rpm 155mph 6500rpm 8.8s 2001-2004
735Li 1900kg / 4189lbs N62B36 3600cc V8 200kW / 272PS / 268hp@6200rpm 360Nm / 265ft-lb@3700rpm 155mph 6500rpm 7.2s 2002-2004
745i 1860kg / 4101lbs N62B44 4398cc V8 245kW / 333PS / 329hp@6100rpm 450Nm / 332ft-lb@3600rpm 155mph 6500rpm 6.0s 2001-2004
745Li 1910kg / 4211lbs N62B44 4398cc V8 245kW / 333PS / 329hp@6100rpm 450Nm / 332ft-lb@3600rpm 155mph 6500rpm 6.0s 2002-2004
760i 2015kg / 4442lbs N73B60 5972cc V12 327kW / 445PS / 439hp@6000rpm 600Nm / 442ft-lb@3950rpm 155mph 5.3s 2002-2008
760Li 2670kg / 5886lbs N73B60 5972cc V12 327kW / 445PS / 439hp@6000rpm 600Nm / 442ft-lb@3950rpm 155mph 5.4s 2003-2008
730d* 1900kg / 4189lbs M57D30TU 2993cc I6 160kW / 218PS / 215 hp@4000rpm 500Nm / 369ft-lb@2000rpm 146mph 7.7s 2002-2008
740d** 2015kg / 4442lbs M67D40TU 3901cc V8 190kW / 258PS / 255hp@4000rpm 600Nm / 442ft-lb@1900-2500rpm 155mph 4700rpm 7.1s 2002-2004
745d** 2040 kg / 4497 lbs M67D44 4423cc V8 220kW / 299PS / 295hp@4000rpm 700Nm / 516ft-lb@1750-2500rpm 155mph 4700rpm 6.5s 2004-2008

Table Help: All cars with a top speed of 155mph are electronically limited. All engines are Naturally Aspirated unless specified with an asterisk '*'. If a model has a '*' it means it has a single turbocharger. If a model has a '**' it means it has two turbochargers.


Facelift BMW E65 7 Series Models Only

Model Weight Engine CC Alignment Power Torque Top Speed Redline 0-60 Model Years
730i 1805kg / 3979lbs N52B30 2996cc I6 190kW / 258PS / 255hp@6600rpm 300Nm / 221ft-lb@2500-4000rpm 147mph 6500rpm 7.5s 2002-2008
730Li 1835kg / 4045lbs N52B30 2996cc I6 190kW / 258PS / 255hp@6600rpm 300Nm / 221ft-lb@2500-4000rpm 147mph 6500rpm 7.6s 2002-2008
740i 1895kg / 4178lbs N62B40 4000cc V8 225kW / 306PS / 302hp@6300rpm 390Nm / 288ft-lb@3500rpm 155mph 6500rpm 6.5s 2004-2008
740Li 1935kg / 4266lbs N62B40 4000cc V8 225kW / 306PS / 302hp@6300rpm 390Nm / 288ft-lb@3500rpm 155mph 6500rpm 6.6s 2004-2008
750i 1910kg / 4211lbs N62B48 4799cc V8 270kW / 367PS / 362hp@6300rpm 490Nm / 361ft-lb@3400rpm 155mph 6500rpm 5.7s 2004-2008
750Li 1950kg / 4299lbs N62B48 4799cc V8 270kW / 367PS / 362hp@6300rpm 490Nm / 361ft-lb@3400rpm 155mph 6500rpm 5.8s 2004-2008
760i 2105kg / 4641lbs N73B60 5972cc V12 327kW / 445PS / 439hp@6000rpm 600Nm / 442ft-lb@3950rpm 155mph 5.3s 2002-2008
760Li 2180kg / 4806lbs N73B60 5972cc V12 327kW / 445PS / 439hp@6000rpm 600Nm / 442ft-lb@3950rpm 155mph 5.4s 2003-2008
730d* 1900kg / 4189lbs M57D30TU2 2993cc I6 170kW / 231PS / 228 hp@4000rpm 520Nm / 383ft-lb@2000-2750rpm 146mph 7.5s 2002-2008
730Ld* 1940kg / 4277lbs M57D30TU2 2993cc I6 170kW / 231PS / 228 hp@4000rpm 520Nm / 383ft-lb@2000-2750rpm 146mph 7.6s 2005-2008
745d** 2040kg / 4497lbs M67D44 4423cc V8 242kW / 329PS / 325hp@4000rpm 750Nm / 553ft-lb@1900-2500rpm 155mph 4700rpm 6.5s 2004-2008

Models[edit]

Alpina B7[edit]

The rearview of a facelift Alpina B7.

There was no M version of the BMW E65 7 Series, but Alpina was permitted to build the Alpina B7. The Alpina B7 was based off the 750i (and not 750Li as there was no long-wheelbase model for the Alpina B7) and is built in the same plant alongside the normal BMW E65 7 Series. The Alpina B7 prototype was introduced to the public in the 2003 Geneva Motor Show in March, and in Februrary 2006 at the Canadian Auto Show, BMW announced the launch of the B7 in North America. The Alpina B7 uses a supercharged version of the 4.4-litre V8 found in the 745i/Li, and was the first Alpina model to feature a supercharged engine. Aside from the BMW Alpina Z8, the Alpina B7 was the only car offered in the USA and in North America at the time. Exterior changes for the B7 include fitted front and rear spoiler lips (which allows the car to be more stable at speed while maintain a low CW-Value), different rims and Alpina badges. Interior changes include Sport Seats, an Instrument Cluster with a Blue Background and Red Needles, a luxury wood called 'Myrtle', a hand-stitched leather steering wheel, Alpina floor mats, Alpina door sills and a silver plated production plaque. Alpina claimed the B7 had a top speed of 186mph (300km/h), but higher top speeds including 193mph (311km/h) and 201mph (325km/h) have been reached before.

BMW of North America unofficially stated 1000 units would be manufactured but only 800 were produced before production stopped (from November 2006 - January 2008). These cars were built completely at the BMW plant meaning that there was no custom Alpina interior available, so BMW offered BMW Nasca leather as standard. Individual exterior colours were not offered (except for a few cars in the Canadian market). These cars has a BMW chassis number and no Alpina chassis number.

The Alpina B7 was widely credited with being able to hold its own against top performing offerings from Mercedes (and the S600 and S63 AMG), Audi (and their A8 W12 Quattro and S8 5.2 FSI Quattro), Bentley (with their Continental Flying Spur) and Jaguar's X350 XJ Super V8.

730i/730Li[edit]

The 730i and 730Li was introduced together in 2002. All pre-facelift models feature the M54B30 engine that produces 228 horsepower and 300Nm (221ft-lb)@3500rpm. In 2005 due to the standard facelift, all 730i/Li models featured a different engine by the name N52B30 - This engine is the same engine that is used in various models of the BMW E60 5 Series and is also used in the BMW E63/E64 630i. All 730i/Li models feature a 3.0-litre straight-six engine regardless of the engine change. The newer engine meant that the 730i/Li got +20kW / +2727PS / +27hp.


All 730i/Li models fitted with the N52B30 engine (models from 2005-November 2008), suffer from a Hydraulic Adjuster Problem. This meant that an occasional ticking or rattling noise could be heard from the car during cold engine starts or frequent short distance driving. The problem was well known with 3-litre BMW's with over 50,000 miles and will usually remedy itself with long distance driving or if the engine is at full operating temperature. The issue does not damage the engine, but was fixed in models produced after November 2008.


735i/735Li[edit]

Along with the 745i/Li, the 735i/Li was one of the first models available since the launch of the BMW E65 7 Series, but production of all 735i/Li models was ceased in 2005. The 735i/Li used the same engine for its entire model life called the N62B36 which featured a 3.6-litre V8 engine.

740i/740Li[edit]

The 740i/Li was introduced in 2005 as a short and long-wheelbase model, replacing the 735i/Li with a more powerful engine codenamed the N62B40. This meant that the 740i/Li had +25kW / 34PS / 34hp and 30Nm (23ft-lb), but still retained the V8. The 740i/Li name was carried on to the BMW F01 7 Series, but used a 3.0-litre straight-six instead of a V8.

745i/745Li[edit]

Along with the 735i/Li, the 745i/Li was one of the first available engines since the release of the car in 2001. Like the 735i/Li, the 745i/Li ceased production in 2005, and was replaced by the more powerful 750i/Li. This meant that the 745i/Li did not feature a facelift. The 745i/Li featured the N62B44 V8 engine, producing 329hp and 450Nm (332lb-ft) of torque.

750i/750Li[edit]

The 750i/Li replaced the 745i/Li as a result of the standard facelift in 2005, and was introduced as a short and long-wheelbase model (like the 740i/Li). Like the 745i/Li, the 750i/Li has a 4.8-litre V8 engine with a power bump meaning +25kW / 34PS / 33hp and 40Nm (29ft-lb) more torque. The 750i/Li's name and engine was also carried on to the new BMW F01 7 Series. The Alpina B7 was also based off of the 750i and not the 760i.

760i/760Li[edit]

The 760i/Li was BMW's most expensive car at the time (and still is for the BMW F01 7 Series). Since BMW did not want a M version of the 7 Series, the 760i/Li took the spot of being the BMW E65 7 Series high performance car. In Mainland China, the BMW 760i/Li was the most sold car in its class in China. In 2003, 1,000 760Li models (alone) were sold in China - This was higher than anywhere else in the world. Unlike the rest of the BMW E65 7 Series range, the 760i/Li did not get a power increase from the 2005 facelift, and retained the same power and torque figures as well as the same engine.

730d/730Ld[edit]

The 730Ld was BMW's first 7 Series with a diesel engine and a long-wheelbase model. The pre-facelift 730d/Ld features a straight-six 3.0-litre engine called the M57D30TU producing 215hp and 500Nm (369ft-lb)@2000rpm. The facelift 730d/Ld model features a straight-six 3.0-litre engine callled the M57D30TU2 producing 13hp and 20Nm (14ft-lb) more. The 730d/Ld model was carried on to the BMW F01 7 Series. All 730d/Ld models feature a single turbocharger.

740d[edit]

The 740d was introduced in 2002 as a short-wheelbase model only, and ceased production in 2005. The 740d featured two turbochargers and a 3.9-litre V8 engine called the M67TUD40, the M67 engine was also shared with the BMW E38 740d.

745d/Ld[edit]

The 745d/Ld was introduced in the 2004 model year and continued production all the way up to 2008 as a short and long-wheelbase model. Like the 740d, the 745d/Ld features two turbochargers and a 4.4-litre V8 engine with the name M67D44. The 2004-2005 has less power than the 2006-2008 745d/Ld.

2005 Facelift (Life-Cycle-Impulse)[edit]

In 2003, development for the BMW E65 7 Series facelift began, and was then introduced on all BMW E65 7 Series models in 2005 and went on sale on March later that year. The facelift included several new engines, new exterior and interior upholstery colours and optional extra's. The front and rear bumper has been restyled (the rear bumper on the facelift model does not stick out as much), and the car features a slightly larger and more curved grill to cope with the new BMW design language. The front and rear headlight was also redesigned in order to speak the new BMW design language as well.

Unlike the BMW E63/E64 6 Series, the facelift does not add LED indicators as standard, nor are the LED lights an option.

References[edit]

External links[edit]