BMW 1 Series (E87)

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BMW 1 Series
BMW E87 front 20080719.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer BMW
Production May 2004—2011 (E87)[1]
2007–2012 (E81)
2007–August 2013 (E82)
2007–June 2013 (E88)
Assembly Leipzig, Germany
Regensburg, Germany
Designer Christopher Chapman (E87: 2001)[2][3]
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupe (E82)
2-door convertible (E88)
3-door hatchback (E81)
5-door hatchback (E87)
Layout FR layout
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,660 mm (104.7 in)
Chronology
Predecessor BMW Compact
Successor F20, F21
F22 and F33

The first-generation BMW 1 Series is a compact executive car produced by the German automaker BMW since 2004, when it replaced the BMW 3 Series Compact range as the smallest and cheapest vehicle (depending on the engine model) in the BMW range. As of May 2013, the 3-door and 5-door hatchbacks have been superseded by the F20 and F21 models, however the E82 coupe and E88 convertible variants are still in production.

The 1 Series featured a rear-wheel drive chassis, 50:50[4] weight balance, longitudinally-mounted engine and aluminum multilink suspension. A range of straight-4 straight-6 petrol and diesel engines were used. It was produced in the following body styles: 3-door hatchback (model code E81), 5-door hatchback (E87), coupe (E82) and 2-door convertible (E88).

The 1 Series accounted for nearly one-fifth of the total sales in 2008.[5]

History[edit]

The 1 Series was developed alongside the E90 3 Series.[6] Design work was done by Christopher Chapman in 2001, which was frozen for series production at the end of 2001. The 2002 CS1 Concept previewed the 1-Series design elements at the 2002 Geneva Motor Show.[7][8]

Pre-facelift BMW 120i (E88) convertible, Australia

The 1 Series was launched globally in Autumn 2004 and shares many structural, chassis, powertrain, hardware and electronic elements with the larger E90 3-Series. The model was started to provide a lower point of entry into the BMW range as the 3 Series moved gradually up-market. Initially launched as a five-door hatchback, a three-door version was also launched in July 2007.

The 1 Series Coupé (E82) was unveiled in Internationale Automobil-Ausstellung (IAA) 2007, which went on sale on November 24, 2007.

The 1 Series coupe (E82) and convertible (E88) went on sale in the United States and Canada in model year 2008 (30 June 2007)[9] as the 128i and the 135i. Other countries received the 120i and 125i in both platforms. The convertible, unlike the 3 Series convertible, uses a soft-top instead of a folding hardtop.

The North American introduction of the coupe and cabriolet was during the second quarter of 2008, which was credited for helping BMW overtake Lexus as the top luxury brand.[10][11]

The first-generation 1 series shares over 60% of components with the E90 3-Series.,[12] including front and rear suspension.


BMW 1 Series (E81) 3-door hatchback, Europe 
Facelift BMW 120i (E87) 5-door hatchback, Australia 
Pre-facelift BMW 123d (E82) coupe, Europe 
Pre-facelift BMW 120i (E88) convertible, Australia 

Updates[edit]

2007[edit]

In 2007 the 1 Series lineup expanded considerably with the introduction of a three-door hatchback, coupe and convertible body styles. There was also a mid-generational refresh as engines were upgraded and more fuel efficient, along with new bumpers and other exterior and interior updates.[13]

2011[edit]

In 2011, the coupé and cabriolet bodies gained a facelift. Exterior changes to the model were minor headlight and taillight revisions, new front/rear bumpers and minor revisions to the interior. The only new engine was the N55 which replaced the N54 twin-turbo, with power and torque output remaining the same. Even though many engines are same, the facelifted 1 Series fuel consumption is slightly higher in some models such as the 123d, and slightly lower in some models such as the 120i.[14]

Market[edit]

The 1 Series Coupé was marketed in the US as a successor to the BMW 2002, a two-door from the 1970s known for its light weight and relative high performance at the time and its long bonnet, slim cabin and short rear.[15][16]

In the 1-series hatchback commercial, Kermit the Frog was shown driving a BMW 1 Series around in a desert making figure eights, showcasing the car's agility.[17]

Jeremy Clarkson and other journalists raised aesthetic complaints about the 1-series, adding at the end of his review for the Sunday Times 'The 1-series is crap.'[18]

Critical response has changed in recent years with the introduction of the Coupé, and convertible model - which have been described as 'returning BMW to its roots', and the 135i has been described as the successor of the original E30 M3 of the 2040. Clarkson himself awarded the 2008 model five stars, and had the following to say: 'The 135 coupé is the best car BMW makes.'[19]

The BMW 118d (not sold in North America) won the 'World Green Car Award' in 2008 as a performance-oriented car with CO2 emissions and fuel consumption comparable to Toyota Prius.[20]

Motorsports[edit]

In 2006, a BMW 120d modified with a BMW customer racing kit[21] entered by "Schubert Motors" placed 5th at the Nurburgring 24 Hours in a field of 220 cars, including the more powerful Porsche 911 GT3, BMW M3 and Lamborghini Gallardo.

Models[edit]

116i[edit]

Four-cylinder petrol, available in 3-door hatchback and 5-door hatchback body styles. In early 2006 the 5-speed manual transmission was phased out in favor of the 6-speed gearbox available across the rest of the range.

116d[edit]

Four-cylinder diesel, available in 3-door hatchback and 5-door hatchback body styles.

118i[edit]

Four-cylinder petrol, available in 3-door hatchback, 5-door hatchback and convertible body styles. In early 2006 the 5-speed manual transmission was phased out in favor of the 6-speed gearbox available across the rest of the range.

118d[edit]

Four-cylinder diesel, available in 3-door hatchback, 5-door hatchback, coupe and convertible body styles.

120i[edit]

Four-cylinder petrol, available in 3-door hatchback, 5-door hatchback, coupe and convertible body styles.

120d[edit]

Four-cylinder diesel, available in 3-door hatchback, 5-door hatchback, coupe and convertible body styles.

123d[edit]

Four-cylinder diesel, available in 3-door hatchback, 5-door hatchback, coupe and convertible body styles.

128i[edit]

Six-cylinder petrol, available in coupe and convertible body styles.

130i[edit]

Six-cylinder 3.0L petrol, available in 3-door hatchback and 5-door hatchback body styles.

135i[edit]

BMW 135i in Alpine White with BMW Performance upgrades

Six-cylinder turbocharged petrol, available in coupe and convertible body styles. According to the BMW website[22] the 135i Coupé accelerates from 0–100 km/h (62 mph) in 5.3 seconds, however Car and Driver magazine recorded 4.7 seconds for 0-60 mph acceleration, and a quarter mile time of 13.3 seconds at 106 mph (171 km/h).[23] Top speed is electronically limited to 250 km/h (155.3 mph). Fuel efficiency is increased to 30.7 mpg-US (7.7 L/100 km; 36.9 mpg-imp), an improvement of 18% compared to its predecessor.[24]

2007-10 model year BMW 135i coupe/cabriolet models were equipped with the N54 biturbo inline-6 engine, mated to a six-speed manual or optional six-speed "Steptronic" automatic transmission. For the 2011 model year onwards, the powertrain was changed to the N55 single (twin-scroll) turbo inline-6 (making the same horsepower and torque output), paired to a six-speed manual or optional 7-speed dual-clutch transmission. The short-lived 1 Series M Coupe retained the N54 biturbo inline-6, albeit in a higher state of tune.

The differential fitted to the 135i is the first in the world to use double-helical ball bearings. These bearings operate at a lower operating temperature (which can be reached more quickly), due to the reduction of fluid required in the differential.[25]

Special standard features of the 135i included adaptive xenon headlights, sport suspension settings, 18" wheels, high-performance brake system (6 piston front calipers with 338mm discs, and 2 piston rear calipers with 324mm discs), and a new DSC program that improves acceleration out of corners.[26]

1 Series M Coupé[edit]

BMW 1 Series M, US
BMW 1 Series M, Australia

The BMW 1 Series M Coupe ("1M Coupe") is a high-performance version of the BMW 1 Series Coupe, developed by BMW's motorsport branch BMW M. While BMW naming convention would have called the car the "M1", the name "BMW 1 Series M" was used instead, to avoid confusion with the original BMW M1.

BMW M boss Dr. Kay Segler officially announced the making of the M variant of the BMW 1-Series Coupé on July 9, 2010, via an official YouTube video and press release.[27] On December 9, 2010, BMW officially announced all details of the car in the media.[28] The variant was marketed as a spiritual follow-up to the famous E30 M3.

Prior to the 1M coupe, a bespoke engine (with a code starting with "S", for example S14, S50, S65) was used for all BMW M models. However, the 1M Coupé uses a re-tuned version of the twin-turbocharged N54 engine which is used in various other models such as the 2011 BMW 335is coupe/covertible, 2011 BMW Z4 sDrive35is, and 2011 BMW 740i. In the 1M Coupe, the engine produces 340 PS (250 kW) at 5900 rpm and 332 lb·ft (450 N·m) torque from 1,500 to 4,500 rpm (with +369 lb·ft (500 N·m) overboost). The only available drivetrain is a six-speed manual gearbox with a limited slip differential.

The 1M coupe has a significantly wider track and bigger body than the standard E82 coupe, as well as a different body kit. Despite the car's larger size, it is 77 lb (35 kg) lighter than the standard E82 coupe, giving it a weight of 3,296 lb (1,495 kg).[29]

BMW was originally going to release the 1M Coupé as a limited production model of 2,700 units. Then due to overwhelming demand, the company lifted the cap and produced a total of 6309 cars until production ended in June 2012. Nevertheless, production of the 1M Coupé stopped in June 2012, with 740 units sold in the US and a further 220 sold in Canada. Total 6309 cars sold worldwide.[30]

The 1M was featured on Top Gear on 26 June 2011 and recorded a time of 1:25.0 around the Top Gear test track.[31] The 1M was met in the media with enthusiastic reviews, Jeremy Clarkson likening it, as a breakthrough model, to the original Volkswagen Golf GTI.[32][33] It also received "Richard Hammond's Car of the Year 2011" award in Top Gear magazine.[34]

2013 BMW 135is coupe/cabriolet[edit]

The BMW 135is was a tuned version of 135i's N55 twin-scroll turbo straight six making 320 hp and 317 lb-ft of torque, increases of 20 and 17 versus a standard 135i. The 135is also receives an upgraded cooling system with a more-powerful radiator fan and an auxiliary radiator, plus a M Sport Body. The performance of the 135is is close to that of the limited-production 2011 BMW 1 Series M.[35][36]

The BMW 135is (E82) coupe/cabriolet was sold only in Canada and the United States, as the European market received the next-generation 1 Series, the 2013 BMW M135i (F20) 3-door and 5-door hatchback. Despite the differences in chassis, both the 135is and M135i share the same engine, however for their optional automated transmissions the 135is has a 7-speed dual-clutch gearbox while the M135i has an 8-speed automatic.[35][36][37][38]

In total, 586 135is coupes were built.[39]

Engines[edit]

Note: production years are based on model year, not calendar year.

Petrol[edit]

Model[40] Year Engine code Power Torque Acceleration
0–100 km/h
Top speed
116i 2004–2007 N45B16 85 kW (116 PS) 150 N·m (110 ft·lbf) 10.9 s (MT) 200 km/h (124 mph) (MT)
2007-2009 N43B16 90 kW (122 PS) 160 N·m (120 ft·lbf) 10.1 s (MT)
11.1 s (AT)
204 km/h (127 mph) (MT)
202 km/h (126 mph) (AT)
2009-2011 N43B20 90 kW (122 PS) 185 N·m (136 ft·lbf) 9.9 s (MT)
204 km/h (127 mph) (MT)
118i 2005–2007 N46B20 95 kW (129 PS) 180 N·m (130 lb·ft) 9.4 s (MT)
10.1 s (AT)
208 km/h (129 mph) (MT)
204 km/h (127 mph) (AT)
2007–2011 N43B20 105 kW (143 PS) 190 N·m (140 lb·ft) 8.7 s (MT)
9.3 s (AT)
210 km/h (130 mph) (MT)
210 km/h (130 mph) (AT)
120i 2004–2007 N46B20 110 kW (150 PS) 200 N·m (150 lb·ft) 7.9 s (MT)
9.3 s (AT)
212 km/h (132 mph) (MT)
208 km/h (129 mph) (AT)
2007–2011 N43B20 125 kW (170 PS) 210 N·m (150 lb·ft) 7.7 s (MT)
8.3 s (AT)
224 km/h (139 mph) (MT)
222 km/h (138 mph) (AT)
125i 2008–2011 N52B30 160 kW (218 PS)[41] 270 N·m (200 lb·ft) 6.4 s (MT)
7.0 s (AT)
245 km/h (152 mph) (MT)
243 km/h (151 mph) (AT)
128i 2008–2011 N52B30 170 kW (231 PS) 271 N·m (200 lb·ft) 5.7 s (MT)[42]
6.4 s (AT)
209 km/h (130 mph) (MT/AT)
241 km/h (150 mph) (MT/AT)(with Sport Package)
2008– N51B30 SULEV[citation needed]
130i 2006–2009 N52B30 195 kW (265 PS) 315 N·m (232 lb·ft) 5.5 s (MT)
6.3 s (AT)
250 km/h (155 mph) (MT/AT)[22]
2009–2012 190 kW (258 PS) 310 N·m (230 lb·ft)
135i 2008–2010[43] N54B30 225 kW (306 PS) 400 N·m (300 lb·ft) 4.8 s (MT)
4.7 s (AT)[44]
2011–2013 [45] N55B30M0 4.6 s (DCT)
(estimated)[46]

Diesel[edit]

Model[40] Year Engine code Power Torque Acceleration
0–100 km/h
Top speed
116d 2009–2011 N47D20 85 kW (116 PS) 260 N·m (190 lb·ft) 10.3 s (MT) 201 km/h (125 mph) (MT)
118d 2004–2007 M47TU2D20 90 kW (122 PS) 280 N·m (210 lb·ft) 10.0 s (MT)
2007–2013 N47D20 105 kW (143 PS) 300 N·m (220 lb·ft) 8.9 s (MT)
9.0 s (AT)
210 km/h (130 mph) (MT/AT)
120d 2004–2007 M47TU2D20 120 kW (163 PS) 340 N·m (250 lb·ft) 7.9 s (MT)
8.2 s (AT)
220 km/h (137 mph) (MT)
217 km/h (135 mph) (AT)
2007–2013 N47D20 130 kW (177 PS) 350 N·m (260 lb·ft) 7.5 s (MT)
7.7 s (AT)
228 km/h (142 mph) (MT)
226 km/h (140 mph) (AT)
123d 2007–2013 N47D20T0 150 kW (204 PS) 400 N·m (300 lb·ft) 7.0 s (MT) 238 km/h (148 mph) (MT)

Problems[edit]

Honest John the Daily Telegraph Motoring correspondent reports on his website: "Coil and injector problems on later 4-cylinder petrol engines. Timing chain failures on N47 diesel engines becoming very common."[47] The latter complaint was the subject of a BBC 'Watchdog' Consumer program in June 2013.[48] The cost of repair was then a little over £4,000. BMW responded by saying that it would consider claims involving cars older than 3 years where a full BMW service history was available.

Production and sales[edit]

The 1 Series is built in Regensburg and Leipzig, Germany.

Sales statistics according to BMW's annual reports:[citation needed]

Year Total 5-door 3-door Coupé Cabriolet Note
2004 39,247 39,247 - - - Launched in September.
2005 149,493 149,493 - - -
2006 151,918 151,918 - - -
2007 165,803 133,525 30,984 1,287 7 Facelift in March. 3-door version launched in May.
2008 225,095 122,666 49,559 26,304 26,566
2009 216,944 120,323 44,043 24,081 28,506
2010 196,004 113,030 31,980 26,191 24,803
2011 176,418
2012 226,829

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.whatcar.com/car-news/common-bmw-1-series-04-problems/265773
  2. ^ http://www.carbodydesign.com/production-cars/2004-06-1-series/Bmw_1_Series_Sketch_1.jpg
  3. ^ http://www.bmwism.com/designers/chris_chapman_drawing.jpg
  4. ^ Interone Worldwide GmbH (2008-06-17). "BMW 1 Series Coupé : 50:50 weight distribution". Bmw.com. Retrieved 2010-07-20. 
  5. ^ http://www.bmwgroup.com/annualreport2008/_downloads/BMW_Group_2008.pdf
  6. ^ "BMW 1-series: the full story". Autocar. 29 March 2004. Retrieved 28 June 2010. 
  7. ^ http://archive.cardesignnews.com/autoshows/2002/geneva/preview/bmw-cs1/
  8. ^ "CNN.com International". CNN. 
  9. ^ Kable, Greg. "2008 BMW 1 Series Coupé - AutoWeek Magazine". Autoweek.com. Retrieved 2010-10-17. 
  10. ^ "BMW Threatens Lexus as Top-Selling U.S. Luxury Brand (Update2)". Bloomberg.com. 2008-08-08. Retrieved 2009-04-12. 
  11. ^ Sabatini, Jeff (2008-08-08). "The Driver's Seat: Hyundai Genesis - WSJ.com". Online.wsj.com. Retrieved 2009-04-12. 
  12. ^ "BMW". businessweek.com. 2003. Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  13. ^ Interone Worldwide GmbH (2008-06-17). "2007 tech details". Bmw.com. Retrieved 2012-01-14. 
  14. ^ Interone Worldwide GmbH (2008-06-17). "2011 tech details". Bmw.com. Retrieved 2012-01-14. 
  15. ^ "Frankfurt 2007: BMW 1-series in-depth" by Damon Lavrinc, Autoblog 14 September 2007
  16. ^ "2002 in 2012: Next BMW 1-series taking retro cues, turbo'd four" by Damon Lavrinc, Autoblog 13 March 2009
  17. ^ BMW 1-series commercial with Kermit YouTube
  18. ^ Clarkson, Jeremy (December 12, 2004). jeremy_clarkson/article401596.ece "BMW 1 Series: This car is taking BMW into dangerous territory". timesonline.co.uk (London). Retrieved 2009-11-15. 
  19. ^ Clarkson, Jeremy (December 30, 2007). "Beemed back to the wild days of youth". timesonline.co.uk (bitch). Retrieved 2008-11-10 (reprinted in Driven to Distraction).  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  20. ^ Previous post Next post (2008-03-24). "BMW 118d Wins ‘World Green Car Award’, Then Goes Back Home | Autopia". Wired.com. Retrieved 2010-07-20. 
  21. ^ "2006 BMW 120d Motorsport". topspeed.com. Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  22. ^ a b "BMW 1 Series Coupé Engine and Chassis - Tech Specs". April 1, 2010. Retrieved August 3, 2010. 
  23. ^ "2008 BMW 135i - Road Test". May 1, 2008. Retrieved 2009-03-30. 
  24. ^ "BMW 135i Coupe". ultimatecarpage.com. Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  25. ^ "2008 BMW 135i - Fast Cars, Cool Cars and Hot Cars at". Fast-autos.net. Retrieved 2009-04-12. 
  26. ^ "E82 Complete Vehicle Manual". 1addicts.com. Retrieved 2014-10-21. 
  27. ^ "BMW 1 Series M Coupe is Official". 1addicts.com. 2010-07-08. 
  28. ^ "BMW 1-Series M Coupe (1M) Wallpapers, Specifications, Info, Pictures, Videos, Pricing". 1addicts.com. 2010-12-09. 
  29. ^ "BMW 1-Series M Photos and Details". Automoblog.net. 2009-12-16. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  30. ^ "Special Edition BMW 1M?" Jon Sibal Designworks 3 December 2010
  31. ^ "Top Gear - Power Laps". BBC. 2008-10-20. Retrieved 2011-08-10. 
  32. ^ "Archive » Top Gear’s Jeremy Clarkson Reviews the 1M". BimmerFile. 2011-06-26. Retrieved 2011-08-10. 
  33. ^ "Top Gear". Series 17. Episode 1. 2011-06-26. BBC 2.
  34. ^ Richard Hammond, "TG Awards 2011: Richard's car of the year", BBC: Top Gear, Official Site, 12/30/2011
  35. ^ a b [1]
  36. ^ a b [2]
  37. ^ [3]
  38. ^ [4]
  39. ^ [5]
  40. ^ a b All data according to: Automobil Revue, catalogue editions 2006/2008.
  41. ^ "2007 BMW 125i Coupé E82 Technical Specification". Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  42. ^ per Motor Trend http://www.motortrend.com/roadtests/coupes/112_0807_2008_bmw_128i_first_test/index.html
  43. ^ "Further environmental awards for budget-busting BMWs". bmw.co.uk. Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  44. ^ "Quick Test: 2008 BMW 135i". May 1, 2008. Retrieved 2009-03-30. 
  45. ^ "2011 BMW 135i Gets N55 Single-Turbo Inline-6". Retrieved August 3, 2010. 
  46. ^ "2011 BMW 135i DCT - First Drive Review". Retrieved August 3, 2010. 
  47. ^ http://www.honestjohn.co.uk/carbycar/bmw/1-series-e81e87-2004/
  48. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b006mg74/features/bmw-chains-snap-n47-engine-2007-2009