BMW N63

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BMW N63 engine
Overview
Manufacturer BMW, Bayerische Motoren Werke AG
Production 2008-
Combustion chamber
Configuration 90° V8
Chronology
Predecessor BMW N62

The BMW N63 is a twin turbo DOHC V8 piston engine which replaced the (naturally aspirated) N62 and was produced from 2008–present. It was launched in the 2008 BMW X6 xDrive50i,[1] and later the F01 BMW 750i.[2] The location of the intake and exhaust manifolds are reversed compared to a traditional V8. The BMW Motorsport division version of this engine, called S63, debuted in the X5M and X6M and later appeared in the M5 and M6. Alpina also uses a variant of this engine on the 2011 Alpina B7 and B5.

Design[edit]

The exhaust manifolds and turbochargers are located between the banks of cylinders (i.e. on the "inside" of the V8) and the intake manifolds are located on the outside of the engine;[3] this is the opposite of the traditional manifold arrangement for a V8. This new design creates a more compact engine package and reduces the width of the assembled engine, also decreasing the distance from the exhaust manifolds to the turbochargers.[4] The engine uses air-to-water intercoolers, which are more efficient and provide a shorter air path than standard air-to-air intercoolers.[1]

Similar to the N54B30, the original N63B44 and S63 do not use the second generation Valvetronic technology found in other current engines. The principal advantage of Valvetronic is the reduction of intake vacuum, which is not an issue in the pressurized intake found in a turbo-charged engine. Valvetronic was added to updated variants of the engine for the 2012 BMW M5/M6 (S63TU) and then for the 2013 BMW 750i and 650i Gran Coupe.

In terms of performance, the N63 is a close match to the N73 V12 engine found in the previous-generation E65 760i/Li, so the V12 engine had to be redesigned with twin turbochargers for the F01 760i/Li in order to maintain its status as the flagship of the range.[5]

Models[edit]

Engine Displacement (cc) Bore Stroke Power @rpm Torque @rpm Redline (rpm) Year
N63B44O0 4,395 cc (268 cu in) 89 88.3 408 PS (300 kW; 402 hp)@5500-6400 600 N·m (440 lb·ft)@1750-4500 7000 2008-
N63B44O1 4,395 cc (268 cu in) 89 88.3 450 PS (330 kW; 440 hp)@5500-6400 650 N·m (480 lb·ft)@1750-4500 7000 2012-
S63B44O0 4,395 cc (268 cu in) 89 88.3 555 PS (408 kW; 547 hp)@6000 680 N·m (500 lb·ft)@1500-5650 7000 2009-
S63B44T0 4,395 cc (268 cu in) 89 88.3 560 PS (410 kW; 550 hp)@6000-7000 680 N·m (500 lb·ft)@1500-5750 7200 2011-

N63B44O0[edit]

Applications:

S63[edit]

The S63 engine cover

The S63 is BMW's Motorsport division version of the N63, which is debuted in the BMW X6M. The S63 uses two twin-scroll turbochargers plus a pulse tuned, cross-engine exhaust manifold[3] to keep constant exhaust pulses flowing to the turbos at every 180 degree rotation.

S63B44O0[edit]

Applications:

S63B44T0[edit]

A technical update to the S63, known as the S63B44T0, debuted on the F10 M5 sedan. This version uses valvetronic, a 10:1 compression ratio (compared with 9.3:1 for the non-TU version) and 1.5 bar of boost (compared with 1.3).[6] It is the first BMW M to use valvetronic.

Applications:

  • 2011–present F10 M5
  • 2012–present F12/13 M6
  • 2013–present F06 M6 Gran Coupe

Alpina[edit]

Alpina uses a variant of the N63 engine that makes 25% more power than the base engine. Compared to the S63, Alpina's variant makes lower horsepower but more torque.

For the 2013 model year, it received Valvetronic like all other N63 engines. Compared to BMW M's version of the 4.4L twin-turbo engine (such as found in the F10 BMW M5), Alpina's engine has 20 hp less but more maximum torque which is also available at a lower RPM.[7]

  • ALPINA B5 Bi-Turbo Sedan/Touring: based on the BMW F10/F11 5 Series - featuring a 4.4 L V8 Bi-Turbo engine 507 PS (373 kW; 500 hp) / 700 N·m (516 lb·ft)
  • ALPINA B7 Bi-Turbo: based on the BMW F01 7 Series - featuring a 4.4 L V8 Bi-Turbo engine 507 PS (373 kW; 500 hp) / 700 N·m (516 lb·ft)[8][9]

BMW N63 Recall (without calling it a Recall)[edit]

On December 29th, 2014, BMW released Bulletin "B001314" or the "N63 Customer Care Package " affecting any vehicle that saw use of the 4.4-liter V-8 (N63B44O0) within the 5 Series, 6 Series, 7 Series, X5, and X6 model lines manufactured between 2008 and 2013. Dealership instructions include checking the timing chain for stretching and replacing it if necessary, replacing the fuel injectors, mass air flow sensors, crankcase vent lines, battery, engine vacuum pump and low pressure fuel sensor.

The sweeping recall also extended to vehicles that had gone out of warranty, no matter how many miles were accumulated on the vehicle. As of January 12th, 2015, this campaign is applicable only to US customers and has not been extended to Canadian owners of the affected models.

Additionally, the service interval would be shortened to nearly half, with a 12 month/10,000 mile (16,000 km) check-up instead of the long-life treatment the BMW had been maintaining up to that point, requiring a check every 2 years and 15,000 miles (25,000 km).

in June of 2013, dealerships had received a service bulletin regards to the N63 powerplant, which amended the oil capacity requirements of the engine, adding a full (1) US quart to the capacity of the motor, citing "increased oil consumption" in the twin turbo V8.


Models affected by the recall included:

  • F01 and F02 (7 Series Sedan)– produced from 3/2009 to 6/2012
  • F04 (Active Hybrid 7)– produced from 4/2010 to 6/2012
  • F07 (Gran Turismo)– produced from 9/2009 to 6/2012
  • F10 (5 Series Sedan)– produced from 3/2010 to 7/2013
  • F12 (6 Series Convertible)– produced from 3/2011 to 7/2012
  • F13 (6 Series Coupe)– produced from 7/2011 to 7/2012
  • E70 (X5)– produced from 3/2010 to 6/2013
  • E71 (X6)– produced from 7/2008 to 6/2014
  • E72 (ActiveHybrid X6)– produced from 9/2009 to 9/2011


The dealership bulletin was accompanied by region sales rep meetings with branch/service managers, informing of them of the forthcoming campaign, and issuing instructions to contact all owners serviced at their branches operating the N63 engine. The accompanying marketing campaign, which would be a major focus of 2015 for BMW world-wide, was intended to dampen the affect of such a wide spread recall on BMW's waining brand loyalty and customer service issues. The tactics of which could be seen in the extended efforts surrounding the recall.


BMW dealerships were instructed to offer extra incentives for owners affected by this campaign, offering trade-in cash bonuses for their N63 equipped vehicles with the purchase of a new BMW (details in a separate sales bulletin - "N63 Customer Loyalty Offer"). Sales teams were also provided with discretionary authorization to provide customers with a gift of $50 value, including anything from a gas card, gift bag containing BMW Lifestyle products, or vehicle detailing.

References[edit]

External links[edit]