|Class||American: Mid-size CUV
|Body style||5-door SUV|
|Layout||Front engine, four wheel drive|
The BMW X5 is a midsize luxury CUV (Crossover Utility Vehicle) (J-segment in Europe) produced by BMW. The first generation of the X5, with the chassis code E53, made its debut in 1999. It was BMW's first SUV (Sport Utility Vehicle), also known as "Four-by-Four" (4x4) in the UK, which featured 4WD all-wheel drive and was available with either manual or automatic transmission. In 2006 the second generation X5 was launched, known internally as the E70, featuring the torque-split capable xDrive all-wheel drive system mated to an automatic transmission, and in 2009 the X5 M performance variant was released as a 2010 model.
BMW branded the X5 as a Sport Activity Vehicle (SAV) rather than an SUV, to emphasize its on-road ability despite its size. Like the Lexus RX 300, the X5 heralded the shift from light truck-based body-on-frame SUVs to crossovers underpinned by unibody car platforms that would come to fruition in the late 2000s. Among German luxury automakers, while the Mercedes-Benz M-Class had beaten the X5 to the market by a year, the X5 was the first to use a unibody chassis whereas the M-Class used a light truck platform until its second generation. While the Lexus RX is based on the Toyota Camry mass market sedan, the X5 shares its underpinnings with the BMW 5 Series performance luxury sedan.
X5s are manufactured in Greer, South Carolina at the Spartanburg BMW plant and in Mexico at the BMW de México Toluca plant. Since July 2009, some assembly operations are also performed in Kaliningrad, Russia by Avtotor.
Starting with the X5, BMW's Sport Activity Vehicle (SAV) series has since expanded to be derivatives of other BMW number-series models, first in 2003 with the BMW X3 compact luxury crossover, and then in 2008 with the BMW X6 midsize coupe luxury crossover.
E53 First generation (1999–2006) 
|Production||September 1999–September 2006|
|Assembly||Greer, South Carolina, United States (BMW US Mfg. Co.)
Toluca, Mexico (BMW de México)
|Engine||3.0 L 225 hp I6
4.4 L 286 HP (2000–2003) 315 HP (2004–2006) hp V8
4.6 L 347 hp V8
4.8 L 355 hp V8
3.0 L 193/218 hp I6 Diesel
|Wheelbase||111.0 in (2,819 mm)|
|Length||183.7 in (4,666 mm)|
|Width||73.7 in (1,872 mm)|
|Height||2000–2003 V8: 67.2 in (1,707 mm)
2001–2003 I6: 67.5 in (1,715 mm)
2004–2006 V8 4.8I: 67.9 in (1,725 mm)
2004–2006 I6: 69.3 in (1,760 mm)
|Related||BMW 5 Series
The E53 was developed at a time when BMW owned Land Rover and benefitted from Land Rover technology. It shared components with the Land Rover Range Rover HSE model; specifically the Hill Descent System and Off Road Engine Management system and also the BMW E39 5-series; specifically the engine and electronic system. The entire in car entertainment system (Radio Function, Navigation System, Television and Telecommunications systems, and a very flexible automotive computer system) are identical. As a result the earlier X5 models can be upgraded with newer BMW technologies (e.g. Bluetooth phone connectivity).
E70 Second generation (2006–present) 
|Assembly||Spartanburg, South Carolina, United States (BMW US Mfg. Co.)
Toluca, Mexico (BMW de México) Kaliningrad, Russia (Avtotor)
|Engine||3.0 L 272 hp I6
3.0 L 300 hp I6 Single Turbo
3.0 L 265 hp Diesel TT I6
4.8 L 355 hp V8
4.4 L 400 hp V8 Twin Turbo
4.4 L 555 hp V8 Twin Turbo for X5M
8-speed ZF 8HP automatic
|Wheelbase||2,933 mm (115.5 in)|
|Length||4,860 mm (191.3 in)|
|Width||1,933 mm (76.1 in)|
|Height||2006–2008: 1,766 mm (69.5 in)
2009–present: 1,776 mm (69.9 in)
The BMW E70 is the second generation X5 Sports Activity Vehicle (SAV). It replaced the BMW X5 (E53) in November 2006. The second generation X5 features many new technological advancements including BMW's iDrive system as standard equipment and, for the first time in a BMW, an optional third row seat raising passenger capacity to seven.
The branding for the X5 from late 2008 onwards follows the new BMW nomenclature scheme, for example the X5 3.0i is now called the X5 xDrive30i, and the X5 4.8i is called the X5 xDrive48i.
In 2009, the xDrive35d diesel engine variant of the X5 was made available for sale in Canada and the United States, along with the BMW 335d sedan.
The BMW X5 M high performance variant was introduced to the press at the New York Auto Show in April 2009, and started appearing in BMW dealerships in September 2009 as a 2010 model. Sharing the same powertrain as the BMW X6 M, the X5 M features the first M Power V-8 Turbo, 555 hp (414 kW) and 500 lb·ft (680 N·m) of torque, and comes with M Dynamic Performance Control for impressive handling.
The X5 received a mid-generational refresh for the 2011 model year featuring new front bumper and air intakes as well as a variety of minor cosmetic changes. For the gasoline-powered X5 models, the naturally aspirated engines in the xDrive30i and xDrive48i (N52 straight-6 and N62 V8) were replaced by turbocharged engines (N55 single-turbo straight-6, N63 twin-turbo V8) and which will also be mated to 8-speed automatic transmissions, being rebadged as the xDrive35i and xDrive50i, respectively. The xDrive35d received the same exterior changes as the rest of the lineup but otherwise no other updates.
Production and sales 
|Calendar year||Total Production||US sales|
|2010||102,178 (2,778 X5M)||35,776|
- By Michael Harley RSS feed. "Review: 2009 BMW X5 xDrive35d delivers obsolescence to gasoline-powered sibling". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2012-11-01.
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- Stephen Pullen. British Leyland. Heritage Commercials. ISBN 978-1-906167-69-1.
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- "Группа компаний Автотор :: Автомобили BMW" (in Russian). Avtotor.ru. Retrieved 2010-06-18.
- Ulrich, Lawrence (2009-05-24). "Behind the Wheel - 2009 BMW 335d and X5 xDrive 35d - A Dose of Diesel Medicine Without the Nasty Aftertaste". NYTimes.com. Retrieved 2011-08-29.
- April 2010 BY JARED GALL. "2011 BMW X5 xDrive35i – Review – Car and Driver". Caranddriver.com. Retrieved 2012-11-01.
- "2011 BMW X5 Gets All Turbo Engines, $46,675 Base Price | AutoGuide.com News". Autoguide.com. 2010-02-06. Retrieved 2011-08-29.
- "BMW Delivers Strongest Sales Success Ever in 2000. - Free Online Library". Thefreelibrary.com. 2001-01-03. Retrieved 2011-03-19.
- "2003 BMW X5 Reviews by Cars.com Experts and Consumers". Cars.com. Retrieved 2009-09-25.
- "2003 BMW X5 Overview". Autos.aol.com. Retrieved 2009-09-25.
- "BMW Group Shatters All Past Annual Sales Records in 2004". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved 2009-09-25.
- "BMW Group Sets All-Time Annual Sales Record, Highest Sales Month Ever in 2005". Theautochannel.com. 2006-01-04. Retrieved 2009-09-25.
- "BMW Group Reports 2006 - Strongest Year Ever". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved 2009-09-25.
- "Annual Report 2007". BMW Group. Retrieved 2011-03-19.
- "BMW Group U.S. Division Reports December Sales". Reuters. 2009-01-05. Retrieved 2009-09-25.
- "Annual Report 2008". BMW Group. Retrieved 2011-03-19.
- "Annual Report 2009". BMW Group. Retrieved 2011-03-19.
- "BMW Group". BMW Group. Archived from the original on 14 April 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-19.
- "BMW M-series sales rise 14.2 percent to 16,967 cars in 2010". MotorwayAmerica. 2011-02-03. Retrieved 2011-03-19.
- "BMW Group U.S. Reports December 2010 Sales - WOODCLIFF LAKE, N.J., Jan. 4, 2011 /PRNewswire/". New Jersey: Prnewswire.com. Retrieved 2011-03-19.
- "BMW Group Achieves Second Best Sales Year Ever in the U.S. - WOODCLIFF LAKE, N.J., Jan. 5, 2012 /PRNewswire/". New Jersey: Prnewswire.com. Retrieved 2012-01-06.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: BMW X5|
- Official website
- BMW X5 Review on Edmunds.com
- Technical Diagrams and BMW Parts Online on penskeparts.com
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|Small family||3 Compact||E36/5||E46/5|
|1 Series||E81 / E82 / E87 / E88||F20|
|Compact exec||3 Series||E21||E30||E36||E46||E90 / E91 / E92 / E93||F30|
|Executive||5 Series||E12||E28||E34||E39||E60 / E61||F10 / F11|
|Luxury coupé||6 Series||E24||E63 / E64||F12 / F13|
|Luxury||7 Series||E23||E32||E38||E65 / E66 / E67 / E68||F01 / F02 / F03 / F04|
|Roadster||Z Series||E30 (Z1)||E36/7 & E36/8 (Z3)||E85 / E86 (Z4)||E89 (Z4)|
|M||1 Series M||E82 M|
|M3||E30 M3||E36 M3||E46 M3||E90/92/93 M3|
|M5||E28 M5||E34 M5||E39 M5||E60/61 M5||F10 M5|
|M6||E24 M635CSi/M6||E63/64 M6||F12/13 M6|
|M Roadster||E36/7 (Z3) M||E85 (Z4) M|
|M Coupé||E36/8 M Coupé||E86 M Coupé|
|Supercar/GT||E26 (M1)||E31 (8 series)||E52 (Z8)|
|X6||E71 / E72|