Indian Wells Masters

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from BNP Paribas Open)
Jump to: navigation, search
Indian Wells Masters
Bnpparibasopen.jpg
Founded 1974
Location Indian Wells, California
 United States
Venue Indian Wells Tennis Garden
Surface Hard / Outdoors
Official website
 ATP World Tour
Category Masters 1000
Draw 96S / 48Q / 32D
Prize Money US$3,645,000
 WTA Tour
Category Premier Mandatory
Draw 96S / 48Q / 32D
Prize Money US$4,500,000
Indian Wells Tennis Garden

The Indian Wells Masters, also known by its current sponsored name the BNP Paribas Open, is an annual tennis tournament held in Indian Wells, California, United States.

Current owner, Larry Ellison, CEO and co-founder of Oracle, purchased the tournament and the Indian Wells Tennis Garden in December, 2009.

The tournament is a Masters 1000 event on the men's tour and is a Premier Mandatory event on the women's tour. Between 1974 and 1990 it was a major tournament of the Grand Prix Tennis Tour and part of the Grand Prix Championship Series. The event, held in March, is one of two tour events (besides the Sony Ericsson Open in Key Biscayne, Florida) in which main draw play extends beyond eight days. The women's main draw usually starts on Wednesday and the men's main draw starts on Thursday. Both finals are held on Sunday of the following week. Both singles main draws include 96 players in a 128-player grid, with the 32 seeded players getting a bye to the second round.

The tournament is played on hard courts and is the best attended tennis tournament outside the four Grand Slam tournaments, with over 370,000 visitors during the event.[1] It has the fourth largest permanent tennis stadium in the world.

Location[edit]

Indian Wells lies in the Coachella Valley (Palm Springs area), about 125 miles east of downtown Los Angeles.[2]

The tournament is played in the Indian Wells Tennis Garden (built in 2000) which has 20 tennis courts, including the 16,100-seat main stadium, which is the third largest purpose-built tennis stadium in the world.[3] After the 2013 BNP Paribas Open the Indian Wells Tennis Garden started an expansion and upgrade of its facilities that includes a new 8,000 seat Stadium II.[4]

History[edit]

The tournament was founded by Charlie Pasarell and Raymond Moore. The men's tournament was previously called the American Airlines Tennis Games (1974–1978), the Congoleum Classic (1979–1980, 1982–1984), the Grand Marnier/ATP Tennis Games (1981), the Pilot Pen Classic (1985–1987), the Newsweek Champions Cup (1988–1999), the Tennis Masters Series Indian Wells (2000–2001),[5] and the Pacific Life Open (2002–2008).

The women's tournament was previously called the Virginia Slims of Indian Wells (1989–1990); the Virginia Slims of Palm Springs (1991); the Matrix Essentials Evert Cup (1992–1993); the Evert Cup (1994, 1999), or the State Farm Evert Cup (1995–1998) in honor of Chris Evert; the Tennis Masters Series (2000–2001); and, the Pacific Life Open (2002–2008).

Originally the women's tournament was held a week before the men's event. In 1996, the championship became one of the few fully combined events on both the Association of Tennis Professionals and Women's Tennis Association tours.

The BNP Paribas Open has become one of the largest events on both men's and women's tour, with 96 top professional players entering in the main draws. Dubbed "Grand Slam of the West",[6][7] it is the most-attended tennis tournament in the world outside of the four Majors.

In 2009, the tournament and the Indian Wells Tennis Garden were sold to Larry Ellison.[8][9]

Williams sisters controversy[edit]

Venus and Serena Williams, two very highly ranked American women, have refused to play the Indian Wells tournament since 2001 despite threats of financial sanctions and rating point penalties. The two were scheduled to play in the 2001 semi-final but Venus withdrew to injury. Amid speculations of match fixing, the crowd for the final loudly booed Serena Williams when she came out to play the final and continued to boo her intermittently through the entire match, even to the point of cheering unforced errors and double faults.[10] Williams won the tournament and was subsequently booed during the awards ceremony. The following month at the Ericson Open, Richard Williams, Serena and Venus's father, claimed racial slurs were directed at him during while in the stands.[11] Neither Venus nor Serena has played the tournament since, including a period when the two were the top players in the world. Serena was originally listed on the entry list for the 2014 edition of the tournament but reconsidered and withdrew.[12]

Past finals[edit]

Men[edit]

Records[edit]

  • Most singles titles: 4,
  • Most consecutive singles titles: 3,
  • Most singles finals: 5,
  • Most consecutive singles finals: 3,

Singles[edit]

Location Year Champion Runner-up Score Name
Tucson
1974 Australia John Newcombe United States Arthur Ashe 6–3, 7–6
American Airlines Tennis Games
1975 Australia John Alexander Romania Ilie Năstase 7–5, 6–2
Palm Springs
1976 United States Jimmy Connors United States Roscoe Tanner 6–4, 6–4
1977 United States Brian Gottfried Argentina Guillermo Vilas 2–6, 6–1, 6–3
1978 United States Roscoe Tanner Mexico Raúl Ramírez 6–1, 7–6
Rancho Mirage
1979 United States Roscoe Tanner United States Brian Gottfried 6–4, 6–2
Congoleum Classic
1980
Final not held (rain)
Semifinalists: United States Jimmy Connors, United States Brian Teacher, United States Peter Fleming, United States Gene Mayer
La Quinta
1981 United States Jimmy Connors Czechoslovakia Ivan Lendl 6–3, 7–6
Grand Marnier Tennis Games
1982 France Yannick Noah Czechoslovakia Ivan Lendl 6–4, 2–6, 7–5
Congoleum Classic (II)
1983 Spain José Higueras United States Eliot Teltscher 6–4, 6–2
1984 United States Jimmy Connors France Yannick Noah 6–2, 6–7(7–9), 6–3
1985 United States Larry Stefanki United States David Pate 6–1, 6–4, 3–6, 6–3
Pilot Pen Classic
1986 Sweden Joakim Nyström France Yannick Noah 6–1, 6–3, 6–2
Indian Wells
1987 West Germany Boris Becker Sweden Stefan Edberg 6–4, 6–4, 7–5
1988 West Germany Boris Becker Spain Emilio Sánchez 7–5, 6–4, 2–6, 6–4
Newsweek Champions Cup
1989 Czechoslovakia Miloslav Mečíř France Yannick Noah 3–6, 2–6, 6–1, 6–2, 6–3
1990 Sweden Stefan Edberg United States Andre Agassi 6–4, 5–7, 7–6(7–1), 7–6(8–6)
1991 United States Jim Courier France Guy Forget 4–6, 6–3, 4–6, 6–3, 7–6(7–4)
1992 United States Michael Chang Russia Andrei Chesnokov 6–3, 6–4, 7–5
1993 United States Jim Courier South Africa Wayne Ferreira 6–3, 6–3, 6–1
1994 United States Pete Sampras Czech Republic Petr Korda 4–6, 6–3, 3–6, 6–3, 6–2
1995 United States Pete Sampras United States Andre Agassi 7–5, 6–3, 7–5
1996 United States Michael Chang Netherlands Paul Haarhuis 7–5, 6–1, 6–1
1997 United States Michael Chang Czech Republic Bohdan Ulihrach 4–6, 6–3, 6–4, 6–3
1998 Chile Marcelo Ríos United Kingdom Greg Rusedski 6–3, 6–7(15–17), 7–6(7–4), 6–4
1999 Australia Mark Philippoussis Spain Carlos Moyà 5–7, 6–4, 6–4, 4–6, 6–2
2000 Spain Àlex Corretja Sweden Thomas Enqvist 6–4, 6–4, 6–3
TMS Indian Wells
2001 United States Andre Agassi United States Pete Sampras 7–6(7–5), 7–5, 6–1
2002 Australia Lleyton Hewitt United Kingdom Tim Henman 6–1, 6–2
Pacific Life Open
2003 Australia Lleyton Hewitt Brazil Gustavo Kuerten 6–1, 6–1
2004 Switzerland Roger Federer United Kingdom Tim Henman 6–3, 6–3
2005 Switzerland Roger Federer Australia Lleyton Hewitt 6–2, 6–4, 6–4
2006 Switzerland Roger Federer United States James Blake 7–5, 6–3, 6–0
2007 Spain Rafael Nadal Serbia Novak Djokovic 6–2, 7–5
2008 Serbia Novak Djokovic United States Mardy Fish 6–2, 5–7, 6–3
2009 Spain Rafael Nadal United Kingdom Andy Murray 6–1, 6–2
BNP Paribas Open
2010 Croatia Ivan Ljubičić United States Andy Roddick 7–6(7–3), 7–6(7–5)
2011 Serbia Novak Djokovic Spain Rafael Nadal 4–6, 6–3, 6–2
2012 Switzerland Roger Federer United States John Isner 7–6(9–7), 6–3
2013 Spain Rafael Nadal Argentina Juan Martín del Potro 4–6, 6–3, 6–4
2014 Serbia Novak Djokovic Switzerland Roger Federer 3-6, 6–3, 7-6(7–3)

Doubles[edit]

Location Year Champion Runner-up Score Name
Tucson
1974 United States Charlie Pasarell
United States Sherwood Stewart
United States Tom Edlefsen
Spain Manuel Orantes
6–4, 6–4
American Airlines Tennis Games
1975 United States William Brown
Mexico Raúl Ramírez
South Africa Raymond Moore
United States Dennis Ralston
2–6, 7–6, 6–4
Palm Springs
1976 Australia Colin Dibley
United States Sandy Mayer
South Africa Raymond Moore
United States Erik Van Dillen
6–3, 7–5
1977 South Africa Bob Hewitt
South Africa Frew McMillan
United States Marty Riessen
United States Roscoe Tanner
7–6, 7–6
1978 South Africa Raymond Moore
United States Roscoe Tanner
South Africa Bob Hewitt
South Africa Frew McMillan
6–4, 6–4
Rancho Mirage
1979 United States Gene Mayer
United States Sandy Mayer
South Africa Cliff Drysdale
United States Bruce Manson
6–4, 7–6
Congoleum Classic
1980
Final not held due to rain
La Quinta
1981 United States Bruce Manson
United States Brian Teacher
United States Terry Moor
United States Eliot Teltscher
7–6, 6–2
Grand Marnier Tennis Games
1982 United States Brian Gottfried
Mexico Raúl Ramírez
United Kingdom John Lloyd
United States Dick Stockton
6–4, 3–6, 6–2
Congoleum Classic (II)
1983 United States Brian Gottfried
Mexico Raúl Ramírez
South Africa Tian Viljoen
South Africa Danie Visser
6–3, 6–3
1984 South Africa Bernard Mitton
United States Butch Walts
United States Scott Davis
United States Ferdi Taygan
4–6, 6–4, 7–6
1985 Switzerland Heinz Günthardt
Hungary Balázs Taróczy
United States Ken Flach
United States Robert Seguso
7–6, 7–5
Pilot Pen Classic
1986 United States Peter Fleming
France Guy Forget
France Yannick Noah
United States Sherwood Stewart
7–6, 6–2
Indian Wells
1987 France Guy Forget
France Yannick Noah
West Germany Boris Becker
West Germany Eric Jelen
5–7, 7–6, 7–5
1988 West Germany Boris Becker
France Guy Forget
Mexico Jorge Lozano
United States Todd Witsken
6–3, 6–3
Newsweek Champions Cup
1989 West Germany Boris Becker
Switzerland Jakob Hlasek
United States Kevin Curren
United States David Pate
3–6, 6–3, 6–4
1990 West Germany Boris Becker
France Guy Forget
United States Jim Grabb
United States Patrick McEnroe
6–4, 6–3
1991 United States Jim Courier
Spain Javier Sánchez
France Guy Forget
France Henri Leconte
7–6, 6–1
1992 United States Steve DeVries
Australia David Macpherson
United States Kent Kinnear
United States Sven Salumaa
6–3, 2–6, 6–4
1993 France Guy Forget
France Henri Leconte
United States Luke Jensen
United States Scott Melville
4–6, 6–2, 7–6
1994 Canada Grant Connell
United States Patrick Galbraith
Zimbabwe Byron Black
United States Jonathan Stark
3–6, 6–1, 7–6
1995 United States Tommy Ho
New Zealand Brett Steven
South Africa Gary Muller
South Africa Piet Norval
7–6, 6–7, 6–4
1996 Australia Todd Woodbridge
Australia Mark Woodforde
United States Brian MacPhie
Australia Michael Tebbutt
6–3, 6–4
1997 The Bahamas Mark Knowles
Canada Daniel Nestor
Australia Mark Philippoussis
Australia Patrick Rafter
7–5, 6–4
1998 Sweden Jonas Björkman
Australia Patrick Rafter
United States Todd Martin
United States Richey Reneberg
6–0, 6–3
1999 Zimbabwe Wayne Black
Australia Sandon Stolle
South Africa Ellis Ferreira
United States Rick Leach
6–3, 6–4
2000 United States Alex O'Brien
United States Jared Palmer
Netherlands Paul Haarhuis
Australia Sandon Stolle
6–4, 7–6(7–5)
TMS Indian Wells
2001 South Africa Wayne Ferreira
Russia Yevgeny Kafelnikov
Sweden Jonas Björkman
Australia Todd Woodbridge
6–2, 7–5
2002 The Bahamas Mark Knowles
Canada Daniel Nestor
Switzerland Roger Federer
Belarus Max Mirnyi
6–4, 6–4
Pacific Life Open
2003 South Africa Wayne Ferreira
Russia Yevgeny Kafelnikov
United States Bob Bryan
United States Mike Bryan
3–6, 7–5, 6–4
2004 France Arnaud Clément
France Sébastien Grosjean
Zimbabwe Wayne Black
Zimbabwe Kevin Ullyett
6–3, 4–6, 7–5
2005 The Bahamas Mark Knowles
Canada Daniel Nestor
Australia Wayne Arthurs
Australia Paul Hanley
7–6(8–6), 7–6(7–2)
2006 The Bahamas Mark Knowles
Canada Daniel Nestor
United States Bob Bryan
United States Mike Bryan
6–4, 6–4
2007 Czech Republic Martin Damm
India Leander Paes
Israel Jonathan Erlich
Israel Andy Ram
6–4, 6–4
2008 Israel Jonathan Erlich
Israel Andy Ram
Canada Daniel Nestor
Serbia Nenad Zimonjić
6–4, 6–4
2009 United States Mardy Fish
United States Andy Roddick
Belarus Max Mirnyi
Israel Andy Ram
3–6, 6–1, 14–12
BNP Paribas Open
2010 Spain Marc López
Spain Rafael Nadal
Canada Daniel Nestor
Serbia Nenad Zimonjić
7–6(10–8), 6–3
2011 Ukraine Alexandr Dolgopolov
Belgium Xavier Malisse
Switzerland Roger Federer
Switzerland Stanislas Wawrinka
6–4, 6–7(5–7), [10–7]
2012 Spain Marc López
Spain Rafael Nadal
United States John Isner
United States Sam Querrey
6–2, 7–6(7–3)
2013 United States Bob Bryan
United States Mike Bryan
Philippines Treat Conrad Huey
Poland Jerzy Janowicz
6–3, 3–6, [10–6]
2014 United States Bob Bryan
United States Mike Bryan
Austria Alexander Peya
Brazil Bruno Soares
6–4, 6–3

Women[edit]

Records[edit]

Singles[edit]

Year Champion Runner-up Score Name
↓  Tier III tournament   ↓
Virginia Slims of Indian Wells
1989 Bulgaria Manuela Maleeva Australia Jenny Byrne 6–4, 6–1
↓  Tier II tournament   ↓
1990 United States Martina Navratilova Czechoslovakia Helena Suková 6–2, 5–7, 6–1
1991 United States Martina Navratilova Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Monica Seles 6–2, 7–6(8–6)
Virginia Slims of Palm Springs
1992 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Monica Seles Spain Conchita Martínez 6–3, 6–1
Matrix Essentials Evert Cup
1993 United States Mary Joe Fernández South Africa Amanda Coetzer 3–6, 6–1, 7–6(8–6)
1994 Germany Steffi Graf South Africa Amanda Coetzer 6–0, 6–4
Evert Cup
1995 United States Mary Joe Fernández Belarus Natasha Zvereva 6–4, 6–3
State Farm Evert Cup
1996 Germany Steffi Graf Spain Conchita Martínez 7–6(7–5), 7–6(7–5)
↓  Tier I tournament   ↓
1997 United States Lindsay Davenport Romania Irina Spîrlea 6–2, 6–1
1998 Switzerland Martina Hingis United States Lindsay Davenport 6–3, 6–4
1999 United States Serena Williams Germany Steffi Graf 6–3, 3–6, 7–5
Evert Cup (II)
2000 United States Lindsay Davenport Switzerland Martina Hingis 4–6, 6–4, 6–0
TMS Indian Wells
2001 United States Serena Williams Belgium Kim Clijsters 4–6, 6–4, 6–2
2002 Slovakia Daniela Hantuchová Switzerland Martina Hingis 6–3, 6–4
Pacific Life Open
2003 Belgium Kim Clijsters United States Lindsay Davenport 6–4, 7–5
2004 Belgium Justine Henin United States Lindsay Davenport 6–1, 6–4
2005 Belgium Kim Clijsters United States Lindsay Davenport 6–4, 4–6, 6–2
2006 Russia Maria Sharapova Russia Elena Dementieva 6–1, 6–2
2007 Slovakia Daniela Hantuchová Russia Svetlana Kuznetsova 6–3, 6–4
2008 Serbia Ana Ivanovic Russia Svetlana Kuznetsova 6–4, 6–3
↓  Premier Mandatory tournament   ↓
2009 Russia Vera Zvonareva Serbia Ana Ivanovic 7–6(7–5), 6–2
BNP Paribas Open
2010 Serbia Jelena Janković Denmark Caroline Wozniacki 6–2, 6–4
2011 Denmark Caroline Wozniacki France Marion Bartoli 6–1, 2–6, 6–3
2012 Belarus Victoria Azarenka Russia Maria Sharapova 6–2, 6–3
2013 Russia Maria Sharapova Denmark Caroline Wozniacki 6–2, 6–2
2014 Italy Flavia Pennetta Poland Agnieszka Radwanska 6–2, 6–1

Doubles[edit]

Year Champion Runner-up Score Name
↓  Tier III tournament   ↓
Virginia Slims of Indian Wells
1989 Australia Hana Mandlíková
United States Pam Shriver
South Africa Rosalyn Fairbank
United States Gretchen Rush-Magers
6–3, 6–7(4–7), 6–3
↓  Tier II tournament   ↓
1990 Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
United States Gigi Fernández
United States Martina Navratilova
6–2, 7–6(8–6)
1991
Final not held due to rain
Virginia Slims of Palm Springs
1992 West Germany Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
United States Stephanie Rehe
Canada Jill Hetherington
United States Kathy Rinaldi
6–3, 6–3
Matrix Essentials Evert Cup
1993 Australia Rennae Stubbs
Czech Republic Helena Suková
United States Ann Grossman
Canada Patricia Hy
6–3, 6–4
1994 United States Lindsay Davenport
United States Lisa Raymond
Netherlands Manon Bollegraf
Czech Republic Helena Suková
6–2, 6–4
Evert Cup
1995 United States Lindsay Davenport
United States Lisa Raymond
Latvia Larisa Savchenko Neiland
Spain Arantxa Sánchez
2–6, 6–4, 6–3
State Farm Evert Cup
1996 United States Chanda Rubin
Netherlands Brenda Schultz-McCarthy
France Julie Halard
France Nathalie Tauziat
6–1, 6–4
↓  Tier I tournament  ↓
1997 United States Lindsay Davenport
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
United States Lisa Raymond
France Nathalie Tauziat
7–5, 6–2
1998 United States Lindsay Davenport
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
France Alexandra Fusai
France Nathalie Tauziat
6–4, 2–6, 6–4
1999 Switzerland Martina Hingis
Russia Anna Kournikova
United States Mary Joe Fernández
Czech Republic Jana Novotná
6–2, 6–2
Evert Cup (II)
2000 United States Lindsay Davenport
United States Corina Morariu
Russia Anna Kournikova
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–2, 6–3
TMS Indian Wells
2001 United States Nicole Arendt
Japan Ai Sugiyama
Spain Virginia Ruano
Argentina Paola Suárez
6–4, 6–4
2002 United States Lisa Raymond
Australia Rennae Stubbs
Russia Elena Dementieva
Slovakia Janette Husárová
7–5, 6–0
Pacific Life Open
2003 United States Lindsay Davenport
United States Lisa Raymond
Belgium Kim Clijsters
Japan Ai Sugiyama
3–6, 6–4, 6–1
2004 Spain Virginia Ruano
Argentina Paola Suárez
Russia Svetlana Kuznetsova
Russia Elena Likhovtseva
6–1, 6–2
2005 Spain Virginia Ruano
Argentina Paola Suárez
Russia Nadia Petrova
United States Meghann Shaughnessy
7–6(7–3), 6–1
2006 United States Lisa Raymond
Australia Samantha Stosur
Spain Virginia Ruano
United States Meghann Shaughnessy
6–2, 7–5
2007 United States Lisa Raymond
Australia Samantha Stosur
Chinese Taipei Yung-Jan Chan
Chinese Taipei Chia-Jung Chuang
6–3, 7–5
2008 Russia Dinara Safina
Russia Elena Vesnina
China Yan Zi
China Zheng Jie
6–1, 1–6, [10–8]
↓  Premier Mandatory tournament  ↓
2009 Belarus Victoria Azarenka
Russia Vera Zvonareva
Argentina Gisela Dulko
Israel Shahar Pe'er
6–4, 3–6, [10–5]
BNP Paribas Open
2010 Czech Republic Květa Peschke
Slovenia Katarina Srebotnik
Russia Nadia Petrova
Australia Samantha Stosur
6–4, 2–6, [10–5]
2011 India Sania Mirza
Russia Elena Vesnina
United States Bethanie Mattek-Sands
United States Meghann Shaughnessy
6–0, 7–5
2012 United States Liezel Huber
United States Lisa Raymond
India Sania Mirza
Russia Elena Vesnina
6–2, 6–3
2013 Russia Ekaterina Makarova
Russia Elena Vesnina
Russia Nadia Petrova
Slovenia Katarina Srebotnik
6–0, 5–7, [10–6]
2014 Chinese Taipei Hsieh Su-wei
China Peng Shuai
Zimbabwe Cara Black
India Sania Mirza
7–6(7–5), 6–2

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
United States San Diego
United States Miami
Favorite WTA Tier I – II Tournament
1997
2005, 2006
Succeeded by
Canada Toronto
Germany Stuttgart
Preceded by
Germany Stuttgart
(Tier I – II)
Favorite WTA Premier Tournament
2009
Succeeded by
Germany Stuttgart

Coordinates: 33°43′26″N 116°18′21″W / 33.72389°N 116.30583°W / 33.72389; -116.30583