BP-5 Compact Food
BP-5 Compact Food (also known as a BP-5 biscuit) is a high-calorie, vitamin fortified, compact, compressed and dry food, often used by relief agencies for the emergency feeding of refugees and internally displaced persons.
BP-5 is available in packs of 2 biscuit bars. Each box of 9 packs contains 500g of food, with approximately 2,300 calories. Shelf life is 5 years. The food is produced by Compact AS, based in Norway, and purchased by agencies through UNICEF.
BP-5 is used for disaster relief and disaster preparedness, and for emergency food rations in refugee camps, particularly for malnourished children. It is eaten directly, or mixed with water to make a porridge.
Typically, an adult is given 250g per day. Although this is a calorie deficit, it provides the recommended protein and basic vitamin requirements. Because it is easily digestible, neutral tasting, and contains no dairy or meat products the food may be widely used, even for people with severe malnourishment.
One study found that its portability made it susceptible to cheating, and recommended dispensing pre-prepared food instead when practical.
BP-5, along with Plumpy Nut (a peanut-butter supplement) was fed to visitors to a small mobile refugee camp created by Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders) to travel to major world cities to raise awareness.
- "Multi-micronutrient Powders for children aged 6-24 months - BP-5". International Nutrition Foundation.
- "BP-5 Compact Food". Alertnet. Retrieved 8 December 2008.
- Fitsum Assafa (August 1997). "The Use of BP-5 Biscuits in Supplementary Feeding Programmes". Field Exchange.
- Melissa Heckscher (2008-10-17). "Imagine Life in a Refugee Camp". Daily Breeze.
- Matt O'Brien (2008-10-15). "Doctors Without Borders sets up refugee camp to show conditions:San Francisco display to stay through weekend". Contra Costa Times.