BRP Mangyan (AS-71)

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BRP Mangyan (AS-71).jpg
Career (USA)
Name: FP/FS-524[1]
Operator: U.S. Army Transportation Corps
Builder: Calumet Shipyard & Drydock Co., Chicago, Illinois[1]
Commissioned: 1 July 1944[2]
Decommissioned: 11 October 1945[2]
Fate: Sold to the Philippines, 1978
Career (Philippines)
Name: Mangyan
Namesake: Mangyan is the generic name for the eight indigenous groups found on the island of Mindoro, in the Philippines.
Operator: Philippine Navy
Acquired: 1978
Status: Active in service as of 2013
General characteristics
Class & type: Design 381 coastal freighter
Tonnage: 560 GT[1]
Displacement: 480 long tons (490 t) (light)
610 long tons (620 t) (full load)[3]
Length: 180 ft (55 m)[3]
Beam: 32 ft (9.8 m)[3]
Draft: 7 ft (2.1 m) forward, 10 ft (3.0 m) aft (full load)[3]
Propulsion: 2 × GM6-278A diesel engines[3]
Speed: 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) (max)[3]
Endurance: 5,000 nautical miles (9,300 km; 5,800 mi)[3]
Armament: 1 × 81 mm (3.2 in) mortar
.50 and .30 caliber machine guns[3]

BRP Mangyan (AS71) is an auxiliary ship of the Philippine Navy, formerly the freight supply ship U.S. Army FS-524, built for the United States Army during World War II.

Service history[edit]

The vessel was commissioned on 1 July 1944, manned by Coast Guard personnel, and assigned to the South-west Pacific and Western Pacific areas. She was decommissioned on 11 October 1945.[2]

Later turned over to the United States Navy she served under the Japanese Internal Defense Force where she eventually underwent structural alterations to meet her mission of providing limited personnel transport service to the Japanese Forces until the early 1970s.[citation needed]

The Philippine government acquired the ship through Foreign Military Sales (FMS) from the United States government. She underwent extensive repairs at the Maebata Shipbuilding Inc. in Sasebo, Japan in 1978 until she was finally turned over to the Philippine Navy. On 27 March 1979, she was commissioned as BRP Mangyan (AS71) named after the Mangyan peoples, an ethnic minority on Mindoro island.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Colton, Tim (2011). "Calumet". shipbuildinghistory.com. Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c "World War II Coast Guard-Manned U.S. Army Freight and Supply Ship Histories". U.S. Coast Guard Historian's Office. 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Naming and Code Designation of PN vessels". De La Salle University, Manila. 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2011.