BR Standard Class 2 2-6-0

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BR Standard Class 2 2-6-0
78019 At Loughborough Station.JPG
78019, now preserved on the Great Central Railway in Leicestershire
Specifications
Power type Steam
Designer R. A. Riddles
Builder British Railways Darlington Works
Build date December 1952 – November 1956
Total produced 65
Configuration 2-6-0
UIC classification 1′C 2h
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Leading wheel
diameter
3 ft 0 in (0.914 m)
Driver diameter 5 ft 0 in (1.524 m)
Length 53 ft 2 12 in (16.22 m)
Width 8 ft 6 in (2.59 m)
Height 12 ft 9 12 in (3.90 m)
Axle load 13.75 long tons (13.97 t)
Weight on drivers 40.50 long tons (41.15 t)
Locomotive weight 49.25 long tons (50.04 t)
Tender weight 36.85 long tons (37.44 t)
Tender type BR3
Fuel type Coal
Fuel capacity 4 long tons (4.1 t)
Water capacity 3,000 imp gal (14,000 l; 3,600 US gal)
Boiler BR8
Boiler pressure 200 psi (1.38 MPa)
Firegrate area 17.5 sq ft (1.63 m2)
Heating surface:
– Tubes and flues
924 sq ft (85.8 m2)
– Firebox 101 sq ft (9.4 m2)
Superheater area 124 sq ft (11.5 m2)
Cylinders Two, outside
Cylinder size 16.5 in × 24 in (419 mm × 610 mm)
Tractive effort 18,515 lbf (82.4 kN)
Factor of
adhesion
4.9
Career
Operator(s) British Railways
Power class 2MT
Number(s) 78000–78064
Axle load class Route Availability 3
Withdrawn November 1963 – August 1967
Disposition Four preserved, remainder scrapped

The BR Standard Class 2 2-6-0 is a class of steam locomotive, one of the British Railways Standard classes of the 1950s. They were physically the smallest of the Standard classes; 65 were built.

The design was derived from the Ivatt-designed LMS Class 2MT 2-6-0, with a reduced cab to enable it to fit into a universal loading gauge, and other standard fittings, most notably a taller chimney, others including the lack of an Ivatt dome and side plates connecting the two sections of the engine. Like the LMS predecessor the BR design had a tender cab to enhance crew protection and visibility when running tender-first. They were all attached to a BR3 type tender. These locomotives are often known by the nickname "Mickey Mouse".

Darlington works was responsible for building the entire fleet of 65 engines and for a time construction of the LMS and BR designs overlapped. The last No.78064 was completed in 1956 but the class remained intact for just seven years. Coincidentally the first to be withdrawn No.78015 was a Darlington-based engine.

Like the LMS counterpart, the Standard Mogul was arranged for a low axle-loading of just 13.75 long tons (13.97 t). This allowed it to operate on most lightly laid routes and secondary lines. Some of the class had speedometers fitted.

Among crews the 2MT 2-6-0 gained a reputation for being very sure-footed. Some maintained however that the engine did not steam well. The loudest complaint was about the draughty and dirty footplate. This was surprising given the efforts of Robert Riddles and his team to optimise working conditions in the Standards' cab layout.

Two former Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway sheds, Bank Hall (Liverpool) and Wigan (L&Y), respectively designated 27A and 27D, received an allocation of the class. Bank Hall had 78041-4 which were used with great success on both slow and fast trains from Liverpool Exchange to either Preston, Bolton or Rochdale. The Wigan engines 78040/61-4 were used on stopping trains to Liverpool, Southport, Bolton and Rochdale. They replaced LMS 2P 4-4-0s and LYR 2-4-2Ts. On the former L&Y lines this class was generally employed on passenger work whilst the LMS class 2 2-6-0s were normally found on shunting and freight jobs until the mid-1960s. When the Cambrian section closed and other areas dieselised, other members of the class came to the former L&Y lines (some as replacements for those originally allocated to 27A and 27D). These included 78002 (in green livery), 78007, 78027 and 78057. Some of these were used on shunting duties from Bolton and Lostock Hall sheds. Number 78022 preserved on the Keighley & Worth Valley Railway had a spell as Preston station passenger pilot whilst allocated to Lostock Hall.

Preservation[edit]

Four members of the class survived into preservation.

Number Image Built Location Status Livery Notes
78018[1] 78018 at Loughborough Sheds.jpg 1953 Great Central Railway Under restoration BR Black Built at Darlington North Road Works. Entered traffic on 3 March 1954 at West Auckland Shed (County Durham). Became famous for getting stuck in a snow drift during February 1955, which resulted in the film Snowdrift at Bleath Gill. Transferred to Chester Midland in April 1960; Workington in 1962; Willesden in May 1963; Nuneaton in September 1965; Shrewsbury before withdrawal on 12 November 1966. Spent 11 years at Barry scrapyard before being preserved at Shackerstone in November, 1978. Owned by the Darlington Railway Preservation Society and is now at the Great Central Railway where it is being restored
78019[2] 78019 coming off Swithland Viaduct.jpg 1954 Great Central Railway Operational BR Lined Black (Late Crest) Built at Darlington Works. Allocated to Kirkby Stephen (51H), working on local and banking duties through the Lake District. Then Willesden (1A); Nuneaton (2B); and Crewe South (5B). Withdrawn in 1966, sold to Woodham Brothers, Barry, moving there in 1967. Sold to Severn Valley Railway in 1973, but only stored there before moving to and being restored at the Great Central Railway. Will operate until her boiler ticket expires in 2014
78022[3] Hugh llewelyn 78022 (7850847762).jpg 1953 Keighley & Worth Valley Railway Stored, non-operational BR Lined Black (Late Crest) Withdrawn for major overhaul December 2000. Currently on display in the K&WVR museum at Oxenhope
78059/84030[4] 84030 boiler wagon SPark.JPG 1956 Bluebell Railway Under restoration including, conversion to 2-6-2T BR Black Lost tender whilst at Woodham Brothers. After rescue to Bluebell, decision was taken to restore the locomotive in the tank-engine form, of which there are no surviving examples. The last BR standard class 2 2-6-2T was numbered 84029, this locomotive takes the next number in the sequence

References[edit]

  • Bradley, Rodger P. (1984). The Standard Steam Locomotives of British Railways. David & Charles Publishers plc. 
  • A Detailed History of BR Standard Steam Locomotives, - Vol 2 - The 4-6-0 and 2-6-0 Classes. RCTS ISBN 0-901115-93-2

External links[edit]

Media related to BR Standard Class 2 2-6-0 at Wikimedia Commons