BR standard class 9F 92220 Evening Star

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BR Standard Class 9F 92220 Evening Star
92220 EVENING STAR at Bolton Percy.jpg
92220 Evening Star at Bolton Percy, 14 August 1983
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Designer R.A. Riddles
Builder Swindon Works
Build date February 1960
Specifications
Configuration 2-10-0
UIC classification 1′E h2
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Wheel diameter 5 ft 0 in (1.524 m)
Length 66 ft 2 in (20.17 m) overall
Locomotive weight 86 long tons 14 cwt (194,200 lb or 88.1 t)
Tender type BR1G
Fuel capacity 9 long tons 0 cwt (20,200 lb or 9.1 t)
Water capacity 4,725 imp gal (21,480 l; 5,674 US gal)
Boiler pressure 250 lbf/in2 (1.72 MPa)
Cylinders Two, outside
Cylinder size 20 in × 28 in (508 mm × 711 mm)
Performance figures
Tractive effort 39,667 lbf (176.45 kN)
Career
Operator(s) British Railways
Power class 9F
Number(s) 92220
Locale Western Region of British Railways
Withdrawn March 1965
Current owner National Collection

BR standard class 9F number 92220 Evening Star is a preserved British steam locomotive completed in 1960. It was the last steam locomotive to be built by British Railways. It holds the distinction of being the only British main line steam locomotive earmarked for preservation from the date of construction.[1] It was the 999th locomotive of the whole British Railways Standard range.[2]

Construction[edit]

Evening Star was built at Swindon railway works in 1960. Though the last to be built, it was not the last 9F numerically as Crewe had already completed engines with higher numbers.[3] It was equipped with a BR1G-type tender[4] and given BR Brunswick green livery, normally reserved for passenger locomotives, and was completed with a copper-capped double chimney.[5] All other members of the class of heavy freight locomotives were painted unlined black.[6]

Naming[edit]

92220 was the only Class 9F to be named when running with BR, although others have subsequently been named in preservation; the name Evening Star was chosen following a competition run in 1959-60 by the BR Western Region Staff Magazine. There were three competition winners, Driver T.M. Phillips (Aberystwyth), Boilermaker J.S. Sathi (Old Oak Common) and F.L. Pugh (Paddington), who had all suggested Evening Star.[5]

Nameplate and plaque

The name Evening Star had been used twice before on GWR locomotives: one of the early Star class broad gauge locomotives built in 1839 was named Morning Star, and a subsequent member of the same class was named Evening Star; and a locomotive of the four-cylinder 4000 class which was built in 1907 was also named Evening Star.[5][7][8] A special commemorative plate was affixed below the nameplate on the smoke deflectors. The commemorative plate reads:

No. 92220 built at Swindon
March 1960

The last steam locomotive for British Railways
Named at Swindon on March 18, 1960 by
K.W.C. Grand, Esq.
Member of the British Transport Commission

The wooden patterns for this commemorative plate and the engine's name plate were both carved by pattern maker Fred Marsh.

Naming ceremony[edit]

92220 Evening Star stands at Swindon Works on 20 March 1960, soon after the naming ceremony.

The naming ceremony took place on the 18 March 1960 at the Swindon railway works, Wiltshire, UK, where the locomotive was built. A speech was given by R.F. Hanks, Chairman of the Western Area Board of British Transport Commission:[9]

But it is also a very great day for Swindon, and, to my friends from other Regions and from the B.T.C., I trust I shall not be considered parochial when I say that it is a proud day for Great Western men everywhere who will find much satisfaction, since there had to be a "last one" that it should fall to the lot of Swindon to see the job through. [..] I am sure it has been truly said that no other product of man’s mind has ever exercised such a compelling hold upon the public’s imagination as the steam locomotive. No other machine, in its day, has been a more faithful friend to mankind and has contributed more to the cause of industrial prosperity in this, the land of its birth, and throughout the world.

—R.F. Hanks (18 March 1960), [9]

The loco was then named by Keith Grand of the British Transport Commission, by the unveiling of the nameplate, naming it Evening Star.[9]

In service[edit]

92220 was used over the Western Region and over the Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway line. On 16 July 1962 and 18 July 1962 the locomotive was photographed at Gloucester Barnwood shed yard,[10] and on 8 September 1962 it hauled the last Pines Express over S&DJR metals. It was recorded hauling passenger express trains at over 90 mph (140 km/h).[11] 92220 was withdrawn in 1965, after a working life of only five years but was subsequently preserved as part of the National Collection.

Preservation[edit]

92220 Evening Star passes through Northwich station to York National Railway Museum, Saturday 21 May 1983.

Although steamed since retirement from BR, Evening Star has been a static exhibit at the National Railway Museum,[11] York for many years. She is one of nine surviving 9Fs.

After a brief period displayed at the Shildon Locomotion Museum, County Durham, the engine returned to its birthplace, Swindon Works, on 3 September 2008. Evening Star remained on display for two years at the Swindon Steam Railway Museum to celebrate its 50th anniversary. It returned to York in 2010, whilst the GWR locomotive No. 4003 Lode Star took its place at Swindon.

Other locomotives[edit]

A British Rail Class 90 electric locomotive, operated by National Express East Anglia, was given the name The Evening Star in a ceremony at Ipswich railway station on 23 July 2010. The name commemorates the 125th anniversary of the publication of the Ipswich-based Evening Star newspaper.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Walford & Harrison 2008, p. 273
  2. ^ Exhibition of Locomotives and Rolling Stock, Maylebone Goods Station, 12th May, Journal of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers 1911-1970 (Institute of Civil Engineers) 50 (278), 1960: 629–626, doi:10.1243/JILE_PROC_1960_050_065_02  edit, p.652
  3. ^ Walford & Harrison 2008, p. 17
  4. ^ Walford & Harrison 2008, p. 63
  5. ^ a b c Walford & Harrison 2008, p. 206
  6. ^ Walford & Harrison 2008, p. 72
  7. ^ Reed 1953, p. B11
  8. ^ le Fleming 1960, p. H10
  9. ^ a b c The last steam locomotive built by British railways, Journal of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers 1911-1970 (Institute of Mechanical Engineers) 49 (271), 1959: 597–526, doi:10.1243/JILE_PROC_1959_049_048_02  edit
  10. ^ Ben Ashworth (2009). The Last Days Of Steam In Gloucestershire (Revised Paperback ed.). Stroud: Amberley Publishing. pp. 55, 57. ISBN 978-1-84868-783-7. 
  11. ^ a b "National Railway Museum collection page". 
  12. ^ 125 Years of the Evening Star Honoured by National Express, National Express East Anglia

Bibliography[edit]

  • Derry, Richard (2006). Book of the 9F 2-10-0s. Irwell Press. ISBN 978-1-903266-73-1. 
  • Ellis, C. Hamilton (1968). The Pictorial Encyclopedia of Railways. The Hamlyn Publishing Group. pp. 358–359. 
  • le Fleming, H.M. (November 1960) [1953]. White, D.E., ed. Part 8: Modern Passenger Classes. The Locomotives of the Great Western Railway (2nd ed.). Kenilworth: RCTS. ISBN 0-901115-19-3. 
  • Reed, P.J.T. (February 1953). White, D.E., ed. Part 2: Broad Gauge. The Locomotives of the Great Western Railway. Kenilworth: RCTS. ISBN 0-901115-32-0. 
  • Walford, John; Harrison, Paul (2008). Volume Four: The 9F 2-10-0 Class. A Detailed History of British Railways Standard Steam Locomotives. Bristol: RCTS. ISBN 0-901115-95-9. 

External links[edit]