B (New York City Subway service)

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Sixth Avenue Express
B symbol
B map
Note: dashed line shows rush hour only service
Northern end Bedford Park Boulevard (rush hours) or 145th Street
Southern end Brighton Beach
Stations 37

The B Sixth Avenue Express is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. It is colored bright orange on route signs, station signs, and the official subway map, since it runs over the IND Sixth Avenue Line in Manhattan.

The B operates on weekdays except nights. Midday and evening service runs between 145th Street in Harlem, Manhattan and Brighton Beach in Brooklyn via Central Park West Local, Sixth Avenue Express, the north side of the Manhattan Bridge, and Brighton Express. During rush hours, the B is extended to and from Bedford Park Boulevard in the Bronx via Concourse Local.

History[edit]

Manhattan-bound B train of R68s at Kings Highway
Manhattan-bound B train of R68As at Kings Highway
 
B

6TH AVE
 
BB

6TH AVE
R1 through R38 end rollsigns
B Train (1967-1979).svgNYCS-bull-trans-Bd.svgB Train - Yellow diamond (1986-1988).svg
B Train Logos

The designation B was originally intended to designate express trains originating in the Washington Heights neighborhood of Manhattan and operating in Midtown Manhattan on the IND Sixth Avenue Line. However, the original B service, beginning with the opening of the Sixth Avenue Line in 1940 and continuing until opening of the Chrystie Street Connection in 1967, ran only as a rush-hour local between 168th Street – Washington Heights and 34th Street – Herald Square. This service was designated BB in conformance with Independent Subway System protocol of using double letters to indicate local services.[1]

Subsequent to the opening of the Chrystie Street Connection, the former BB trains were combined with the former T service of the BMT West End Line, creating a through service from Washington Heights to Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue. This service was initially to have been signed BT but was simply signed B instead. Starting July 1, 1968, the B had its Manhattan terminal at 57th Street during non-rush hour daytime hours, bypassing 57th Street and extending to 168th Street only during rush hours.

The partial closure of the Manhattan Bridge to subway service between April 13, 1986 and February 21, 2004 affected B service by severing the connection between the northern and southern portions of the route. Beginning on April 13, 1986, the northern B (via Sixth Avenue, informally called "Orange B") and the southern B (via the BMT Broadway Line, informally called "Yellow B") operated as two different services. The Orange B more or less duplicated the former BB service, and the Yellow B imitated the old T service. The former B service resumed December 11, 1988. On October 29, 1989, the IND 63rd Street Line opened, extending service to 21st Street – Queensbridge. B service ran through this new line on weekends. A year later, it would also run here on weekday evenings.

On April 30, 1995, the north side of the Manhattan Bridge was closed on midday and weekends until the following November. During this time, B trains ran only between Atlantic Avenue – Pacific Street and Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue, running local on the BMT West End Line and express on the BMT Fourth Avenue Line.[1]

On February 22, 1998, B service was cut to 57th Street on evenings and weekends as a result of the reconstruction of the IND 63rd Street Line. Service on that line was replaced by a shuttle to the BMT Broadway Line.

On March 1, 1998, the B and the C switched northern terminals, ending the connection between the B and Washington Heights. The B was now routed onto the IND Concourse Line during rush hours.[1]

In 2000, B service was taken off of the IND 63rd Street Line for signal and track work. It now ran along Central Park West to 145th Street (Bedford Park Boulevard during rush hours) at all times except late nights.

On July 22, 2001, B service over the Manhattan Bridge was again interrupted and service recast similarly to the 1986 changes. However, this time the West End Line portion of the run was redesignated as the W. B service ran weekdays only, to Bedford Park Boulevard during rush hours and 145th Street during middays and evenings. [2]

On February 22, 2004, the Manhattan Bridge was fully reopened to subway service. B trains were extended through Grand Street station and over the north tracks of the Manhattan Bridge into Brooklyn, replacing the Q Diamond as the Brighton Express to Brighton Beach. It B was moved to the Brighton Line instead of returning to the West End Line, which it had run on since 1967, in order to avoid running two separate (B and D) shortened services outside of weekdays. The plan was for the B to run only on weekdays in the Bronx, while the restored service on the Brighton Line (formerly the D) was to run only on weekdays in Brooklyn. Thus, moving the B to the Brighton Line meant it would only be operated on weekdays. In contrast, the D would now provide 24-hour service to the Concourse Line in the Bronx and West End Line in Brooklyn eliminating the need to run late-night and/or weekend shuttles on either line.[3]

From September 14, 2009 to October 3, 2011, B trains ran local in Brooklyn due to a station reconstruction project on the Brighton Line.[1]

Route[edit]

Service pattern[edit]

The following table shows the lines used by the B service, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:

Line From To Tracks Times
week
days
rush
hours
IND Concourse Line Bedford Park Boulevard 155th Street local    
145th Street all  
IND Eighth Avenue Line 135th Street 59th Street – Columbus Circle local
IND Sixth Avenue Line Seventh Avenue Broadway – Lafayette Street express
Chrystie Street Connection Grand Street all
Manhattan Bridge north
BMT Brighton Line DeKalb Avenue Brighton Beach express

Stations[edit]

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction
Stops rush hours only Stops rush hours only
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekdays in the peak direction only
Time period details
B service Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections/Other Notes
The Bronx
Stops rush hours only Bedford Park Boulevard D all times
Stops rush hours only Kingsbridge Road D all times
Stops rush hours only Fordham Road D all times Bx12 Select Bus Service
Stops rush hours only 182nd–183rd Streets D all except rush hours, peak direction
Stops rush hours only Tremont Avenue D all times
Stops rush hours only 174th–175th Streets D all except rush hours, peak direction
Stops rush hours only 170th Street D all except rush hours, peak direction
Stops rush hours only 167th Street D all except rush hours, peak direction
Stops rush hours only 161st Street – Yankee Stadium Handicapped/disabled access D all except rush hours, peak direction
4 all times (IRT Jerome Avenue Line)
Manhattan
Stops rush hours only 155th Street D all except rush hours, peak direction
Stops weekdays only 145th Street D all times
A all times C all except late nights (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
Stops weekdays only 135th Street C all except late nights
Stops weekdays only 125th Street Handicapped/disabled access A all times C all except late nights D all times M60 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
Stops weekdays only 116th Street C all except late nights
Stops weekdays only Cathedral Parkway – 110th Street C all except late nights
Stops weekdays only 103rd Street C all except late nights
Stops weekdays only 96th Street C all except late nights
Stops weekdays only 86th Street C all except late nights
Stops weekdays only 81st Street – Museum of Natural History C all except late nights
Stops weekdays only 72nd Street C all except late nights
Stops weekdays only 59th Street – Columbus Circle Handicapped/disabled access A all times C all except late nights D all times
1 all times (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line)
Stops weekdays only Seventh Avenue D all times
E all times (IND Queens Boulevard Line)
Stops weekdays only 47th–50th Streets – Rockefeller Center Handicapped/disabled access D all times F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops weekdays only 42nd Street – Bryant Park D all times F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
7 all times <7>rush hours until 10:00 p.m., peak direction (IRT Flushing Line at Fifth Avenue)
Stops weekdays only 34th Street – Herald Square Handicapped/disabled access D all times F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
N all times Q all times R all except late nights (BMT Broadway Line)
M34 / M34A Select Bus Service
PATH at 33rd Street
Stops weekdays only West Fourth Street – Washington Square Handicapped/disabled access D all times F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
A all times C all except late nights E all times (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
PATH at 9th Street
Stops weekdays only Broadway – Lafayette Street Handicapped/disabled access D all times F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line at Bleecker Street)
Stops weekdays only Grand Street D all times
Brooklyn
Stops weekdays only DeKalb Avenue Handicapped/disabled access Q all times R all except late nights
Stops weekdays only Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center Handicapped/disabled access Q all times
D all times N all times R all except late nights (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
2 all times 3 all except late nights 4 all times 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m. (IRT Eastern Parkway Line)
LIRR Atlantic Branch at Atlantic Terminal
Stops weekdays only Seventh Avenue Q all times
Stops weekdays only Prospect Park Handicapped/disabled access Q all times
S all times (BMT Franklin Avenue Line)
Stops weekdays only Church Avenue Q all times
Stops weekdays only Newkirk Plaza Q all times
Stops weekdays only Kings Highway Handicapped/disabled access Q all times
Stops weekdays only Sheepshead Bay Q all times
Stops weekdays only Brighton Beach Q all times

References[edit]

External links[edit]