B visa

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B1/B2 visa for an Argentinian citizen

A B visa is one of a category of visas issued by the United States government to foreign citizens seeking entry for a temporary period. The two types of B visa are the B-1 visa, issued to those seeking entry for business purposes, and the B-2 visa, issued to those seeking entry for tourism or other non-business purposes. In practice, the two visa categories are usually combined together and issued as a "B1/B2 visa" valid for a temporary visit for either business or pleasure, or a combination of the two. Visitors from some countries do not need to obtain a visa for these purposes (see United States visas).

In FY-2012, out of 6.7 million applications for a B visa, 5.3 million were approved (80%).[1]

Cost[edit]

The cost of a B visa consists of the application fee, which all applicants must pay (currently 160 USD[2]), and the issuance fee, which varies by nation, based on a fee reciprocity table.[3]

Currently, as of October 2014, nationals of the following countries have to pay the reciprocity fee.[4]

Country Price
Angola $10.00
Burma $32.00
Cameroon $240.00
Central African Republic $40.00
Comoros $31.00
Congo (Brazzaville) $20.00
Congo (Kinshasa) $150.00
Kyrgyzstan $45.00
Libya $10.00
Oman $15.00
Papua New Guinea $15.00
Sudan $19.00
Turkmenistan $355.00
Yemen $30.00

Validity period and duration of stay[edit]

US visa validity period
  United States
  120 months
  60 months
  24-48 months
  12 months
  Under 12 months

As with other non-immigrant U.S. visas, a B1/B2 visa has a validity period (from 1 to 10 years), allows for either one or multiple entries into the U.S, and elicits a period of stay (3–6 months) recorded by the Customs and Border Protection officer at the port of entry on the individual's form I-94.[5]

Validity periods per country are listed in the U.S. Department of State Visa Reciprocity Tables and vary from 1 month for DR Congo,3 years for Russia, and 5 years for Pakistan, to 10 years for Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Hong Kong, India, Israel, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, Singapore, South Africa, Tunisia and most European Countries.

Periods of stay for B-1 visas may be granted initially for a duration long enough to allow the visitor to conduct their business, up to a maximum of 6 months, and can be extended for another 6 months;[6] B-1 visas usually granted for three months or less, while B-2 visas are generally granted for six months.[7] Extensions are possible, provided the individual has not violated the conditions of their admission.[8]

A Border Crossing Card (BCC), also called a laser visa, has a 10-year validity and functions as both a BCC and a B1/B2 visitor's visa.[9]

Validity of visas by nationality for B-1/B-2 visa:[10]

Country Validity (in months)
 Afghanistan 3
 Albania 12
 Algeria 24
 Angola 24
 Antigua and Barbuda 120
 Argentina 120
 Armenia 12
 Australia 12
 Azerbaijan 12
 Bahrain 60
 Bangladesh 60
 Barbados 120
 Belarus 12
 Belize 120
 Benin 36
 Bhutan 3[Note 1]
 Bolivia 120
 Bosnia-Herzegovina 120
 Botswana 120
 Brazil 120
 Bulgaria 120
 Burkina Faso 60
 Burma 3[Note 1]
 Burundi 12
 Cambodia 3[Note 2]
 Cameroon 12
 Canada 120
 Cape Verde 60
 Central African Republic 12
 Chad 3[Note 1]
 China 120[Note 3]
 Colombia 120
 Comoros 45 days[Note 1]
 Republic of the Congo 6
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 1
 Costa Rica 120
 Côte d'Ivoire 12
 Croatia 120
 Cuba 60[Note 4]
 Cyprus 120
 Djibouti 12
 Dominica 120
 Dominican Republic 120
 Ecuador 60
 Egypt 60
 El Salvador 120
 Equatorial Guinea 60
 Eritrea 12
 Ethiopia 24
 Fiji 120
 Gabon 60
 Georgia 120
 Ghana 60
 Grenada 120
 Guatemala 120
 Guinea 36
 Guinea-Bissau 60
 Guyana 120
 Haiti 60
 Honduras 120
 Hong Kong 120
 India 120
 Indonesia 60
 Iran 3[Note 1]
 Iraq 12
 Israel 120
 Jamaica 120
 Jordan 60
 Kazakhstan 60
 Kenya 12
 Kiribati 48
 Kosovo 36
 Kuwait 120
 Kyrgyzstan 12
 Laos 3[Note 1]
 Lebanon 60
 Lesotho 120
 Liberia 12
 Libya 3[Note 1]
 Macau 120
 Macedonia 120
 Madagascar 3
 Malawi 120
 Malaysia 120
 Maldives 120
 Mali 60
 Marshall Islands 3
 Mauritania 12
 Mauritius 120
 Mexico 120
 Micronesia 3
 Moldova 120
 Mongolia 120
 Montenegro 36
 Morocco 120
 Mozambique 12
 Namibia 60
 Nauru 60
   Nepal 60
 Nicaragua 120
 Niger 12
 Nigeria 24
 Oman 24
 Pakistan 60
 Palau 3
 Palestinian Authority 120
 Panama 120
 Papua New Guinea 12
 Paraguay 120
 North Korea 3[Note 2]
 Peru 120
 Philippines 120
 Poland 120
 Qatar 120
 Romania 120
 Russia 36
 Rwanda 120
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 120
 Saint Lucia 120
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 120
 Samoa 120
 São Tomé and Príncipe 6
 Saudi Arabia 60
 Senegal 120
 Serbia 120
 Seychelles 120
 Sierra Leone 36
 Solomon Islands 60
 Somalia 3[Note 1]
 South Africa 120
 South Sudan 3[Note 2]
 Sri Lanka 60
 Sudan 3[Note 1]
 Suriname 60
 Swaziland 120
 Syria 24
 Taiwan 60
 Tajikistan 12
 Tanzania 12
 Thailand 120
 The Bahamas 120
 The Gambia 60
 Timor-Leste 3[Note 2]
 Togo 36
 Tonga 120
 Trinidad and Tobago 120
 Tunisia 120
 Turkey 120
 Turkmenistan 12
 Tuvalu 120
 Uganda 24
 Ukraine 120
 United Arab Emirates 120
 Uruguay 120
 Uzbekistan 12
 Vanuatu 60
  Vatican City 60
 Venezuela 120
 Vietnam 12
 Yemen 12
 Zambia 36
 Zimbabwe 12
VWP countries[Note 5] 120
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Single Entry
  2. ^ a b c d Double Entry
  3. ^ Since November 12, 2014
  4. ^ Since July 31, 2014
  5. ^ Except Taiwan and Australia.

Visitor visa statistics[edit]

Issued B-1,2 visas in fiscal 2013
  United States
  Visa exempt nationalities
  Over 400 thousand issued visas
  Over 100 thousand issued visas
  Over 50 thousand issued visas
  Over 25 thousand issued visas
  Over 10 thousand issued visas
  Over 5 thousand issued visas
  Under 5 thousand issued visas

In fiscal 2013 most B-1,2 visas were issued to the nationals of the following countries (listed over 40,000 visas):[11]

Nationaality Issued B-1 visas in 2013
 Mexico[12] 1,324,496
 China 1,146,322
 Brazil 925,678
 Colombia 440,902
 India 376,998
 Argentina 240,653
 Russia 229,040
 Venezuela 204,758
 Israel 102,223
 Ecuador 105,125
 Nigeria 92,773
 Philippines 89,288
 Turkey 71,269
 Chile 70,517
 Poland 62,408
 Saudi Arabia 61,940
 Peru 56,116
 Dominican Republic 50,470
 Vietnam 49,247
 Indonesia 47,480
 South Africa 46,581
 Guatemala 44,764
 Thailand 41,987
 Hong Kong 41,969
 Jamaica 41,183
 Egypt 41,081

In fiscal 2013 most reasons to refuse a visa were cited as "failure to establish entitlement to nonimmigrant status", "incompatible application" (most overcome), "unlawful presence", "misrepresentation", "criminal convictions", "smugglers" and "controlled substance violators". Smaller number of applications were rejected for "physical or mental disorder", "prostitution", "espionage", "terrorist activities", "falsely claiming citizenship" and other grounds for refusal including "presidential proclamation", "money laundering", "communicable disease" and "commission of acts of torture or extrajudicial killings".[13]

Requirement to overcome presumption of intending immigrant[edit]

Under section 214(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, a foreigner must prove to the satisfaction of the Consular officer his or her intent to return to his home country after visiting the United States. The act specifically states:

[14]

In practice, this means that consular officers have wide discretion to deny a visa application. Once refused, there is no judicial or other means to challenge a visa decision. The foreigner, however, is free to apply for a visa again, particularly if circumstances have changed that might show to the consular officer that the applicant overcomes the presumption of being an intending immigrant.[15]

Uses of a B1/B2 visa[edit]

Business or pleasure cover a wide variety of possible reasons to visit the United States. Under the category of temporary visitor for business, it can be used to:

  • Negotiate and sign contracts
  • Purchase supplies or materials
  • Hold business meetings or attend/exhibit at a convention
  • Settle an estate
  • Sit different types of exams and tests held inside the United States
  • Perform certain professional services.[16]

Under the category of temporary visitor for pleasure, a B2 visa can be used to:

  • Travel within the US
  • Visit family or friends
  • Participate in activities of a fraternal, social, or service nature
  • Obtain medical treatment

The B2 visa can also be used by cohabiting (unmarried) partners of non-immigrant visa holders.[17]

Adjusted Visa Refusal Rate[edit]

The Adjusted Visa Refusal Rate for fiscal year 2013 for B visas were:[18]

Country Rate
Afghanistan 62.7%
Albania 40.4%
Algeria 28.3%
Angola 24.8%
Antigua and Barbuda 18.1%
Argentina 1.7%
Armenia 37.9%
Azerbaijan 9.4%
Bahrain 4.1%
Bangladesh 43.5%
Barbados 9.9%
Belarus 20.7%
Belize 19.7%
Benin 34.6%
Bhutan 42.0%
Bosnia-Herzegovina 26.5%
Botswana 17.3%
Brazil 3.5%
Bulgaria 19.9%
Burkina Faso 31.7%
Burma 23.5%
Burundi 52.7%
Cambodia 28.9%
Cameroon 37.3%
Cape Verde 36.4%
Central African Republic 46.4%
Chad 36.3%
China 8.5%
Colombia 10.4%
Comoros 32.6%
Congo (Brazzaville) 27.5%
Congo (Kinshasa) 41.9%
Costa Rica 13.7%
Côte d'Ivoire 30.3%
Croatia 5.9%
Cuba 61.1%
Cyprus 4%
Djibouti 62.6%
Dominica 30.2%
Dominican Republic 41.3%
Ecuador 16.9%
Egypt 39.5%
El Salvador 45.1%
Equatorial Guinea 16.2%
Eritrea 40.5%
Ethiopia 35.6%
Fiji 27.2%
Gabon 20.3%
Georgia 38.3%
Ghana 61.8%
Grenada 25.8%
Guatemala 37.7%
Guinea 52.5%
Guinea - Bissau 43.6%
Guyana 52.7%
Haiti 47.1%
Honduras 37.0%
Hong Kong 1.8%
India 18.7%
Indonesia 8%
Iran 48.2%
Iraq 39.2%
Israel 9.7%
Jamaica 35.3%
Jordan 32.6%
Kazakhstan 8.0%
Kenya 28.3%
Kiribati 27.3%
Kosovo 40%
Kuwait 10.3%
Kyrgyzstan 24.9%
Laos 61.4%
Lebanon 15.1%
Lesotho 19.4%
Liberia 59.0%
Libya 33.8%
Macau 3.1%
Macedonia 27.0%
Madagascar 9.3%
Malawi 13.8%
Malaysia 5.0%
Maldives 22.9%
Mali 47.7%
Mauritania 50.0%
Mauritius 4.7%
Mexico 12.1%
Moldova 33.6%
Mongolia 30.6%
Montenegro 32.6%
Morocco 23.3%
Mozambique 2.2%
Namibia 6.2%
Nauru 0.0%
Nepal 46.4%
Nicaragua 26.7%
Niger 27.5%
Nigeria 35.1%
Norway 19.1%
Oman 2.3%
Pakistan 38.5%
Palestinian Authority 37.6%
Panama 8.0%
Papua New Guinea 3.1%
Paraguay 4.4%
North Korea 28.6%
Peru 16.1%
Philippines 24.1%
Poland 10.8%
Qatar 1.8%
Romania 11.5%
Russia 10.2%
Rwanda 44.9%
Samoa 22.1%
Sao Tome And Principe 22.2%
Saudi Arabia 7.8%
Senegal 53.2%
Serbia 14.7%
Seychelles 4.3%
Sierra Leone 46.5%
Singapore 25.0%
Solomon Islands 12.7%
Somalia 65.8%
South Africa 2.6%
South Sudan 41.9%
Sri Lanka 20.6%
St. Kitts And Nevis 30.7%
St. Lucia 22.5%
St. Vincent And The Grenadines 22.5%
Sudan 47.9%
Suriname 9.6%
Swaziland 4.5%
Syria 46.1%
Tajikistan 53.7%
Tanzania 25.7%
Thailand 11.1%
The Bahamas 11.6%
The Gambia 74.5%
Timor-Leste 5.6%
Togo 44.0%
Tonga 42.1%
Trinidad And Tobago 20.6%
Tunisia 17.0%
Turkey 10.3%
Turkmenistan 16.3%
Tuvalu 71.4%
Uganda 32.7%
Ukraine 26.7%
United Arab Emirates 8.0%
Uruguay 2.8%
Uzbekistan 44.3%
Vanuatu 14.9%
Vatican City 33.3%
Venezuela 13.8%
Vietnam 20.3%
Yemen 44.0%
Zambia 26.2%
Zimbabwe 19.7%

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]