Baýramaly

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Baýramaly
Baýramaly.jpg
Baýramaly is located in Turkmenistan
Baýramaly
Baýramaly
Location in Turkmenistan
Coordinates: 37°37′N 62°09′E / 37.617°N 62.150°E / 37.617; 62.150
Country  Turkmenistan
Province Mary Province
District Baýramaly District
Elevation 233 m (764 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total 88,486
Time zone +5 (UTC+5)

Baýramaly (formerly Bayram-Ali, Persian: بایرام علی[1]) is a city of Turkmenistan, a seat of Baýramaly District within Mary Province. It lies about 27 km east of the provincial capital Mary, along the main railway line from Ashgabat to Tashkent. In 2009, it had a population estimated at 88,486 (up from 43,824 in the 1989 census[2]).

The city is located in a dry oasis in the Murgab. It is a climatic spa and the visitors are often sent to the city for the treatment of chronic kidney disease, acute forms of nephritis and nephrosis, hypertension, renal tuberculosis and problems of blood circulation.[3]

Climate[edit]

Baýramaly has a desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWk), with cool winters and very hot summers. Rainfall is generally light and erratic, and occurs mainly in the winter and autumn months.

Climate data for Baýramaly
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 28.0
(82.4)
31.8
(89.2)
37.0
(98.6)
40.5
(104.9)
50.0
(122)
50.0
(122)
47.5
(117.5)
45.7
(114.3)
44.0
(111.2)
39.6
(103.3)
35.2
(95.4)
29.0
(84.2)
50
(122)
Average high °C (°F) 8.4
(47.1)
11.4
(52.5)
16.9
(62.4)
24.7
(76.5)
31.4
(88.5)
36.2
(97.2)
38.1
(100.6)
36.1
(97)
31.0
(87.8)
24.1
(75.4)
16.8
(62.2)
10.3
(50.5)
23.78
(74.81)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.9
(35.4)
4.6
(40.3)
9.9
(49.8)
17.2
(63)
23.6
(74.5)
28.5
(83.3)
30.5
(86.9)
28.1
(82.6)
22.1
(71.8)
15.0
(59)
8.7
(47.7)
4.0
(39.2)
16.17
(61.13)
Average low °C (°F) −2.7
(27.1)
−0.5
(31.1)
4.1
(39.4)
10.2
(50.4)
15.3
(59.5)
19.5
(67.1)
21.7
(71.1)
19.2
(66.6)
12.9
(55.2)
7.0
(44.6)
2.1
(35.8)
−1.0
(30.2)
8.98
(48.18)
Record low °C (°F) −26.3
(−15.3)
−24.8
(−12.6)
−16.8
(1.8)
−3.6
(25.5)
2.2
(36)
7.6
(45.7)
11.7
(53.1)
7.4
(45.3)
−1.8
(28.8)
−8.3
(17.1)
−21.5
(−6.7)
−23.0
(−9.4)
−26.3
(−15.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 28.7
(1.13)
24.9
(0.98)
35.3
(1.39)
26.0
(1.024)
13.3
(0.524)
1.1
(0.043)
0.1
(0.004)
0.1
(0.004)
0.8
(0.031)
6.7
(0.264)
13.6
(0.535)
23.2
(0.913)
173.8
(6.842)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.2 6.2 5.9 3.8 2.3 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.3 2.2 5.1 6.1 40.1
 % humidity 73.5 67.3 57.7 51.6 40.6 31.7 30.3 29.4 34.7 46.1 63.1 72.8 49.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 129.7 137.4 168.9 217.2 304.7 356.2 371.7 355.0 302.4 249.0 185.1 128.7 2,906
Source #1: climatebase.ru[4]
Source #2: NOAA (sun only, 1961-1990)[5]

Economy[edit]

The economy is based around food and construction materials industries.[3] Natural gas is also extracted in the area.

Sights[edit]

  • Close to Baýramaly are the ruins of ancient Merv.
  • 28 kilometres (17 mi) to the north is the mausoleum of Hudaýnazar Öwlüýä (early 12th century).[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ loghatnaameh.com. "بایرام علی | لغت نامه دهخدا". Loghatnaameh.com. Retrieved 2012-08-05. 
  2. ^ Population census 1989, Demoscope Weekly, No. 359-360, 1–18 January 2009 (search for Туркменская ССР) (Russian)
  3. ^ a b c Great Soviet Encyclopedia (Russian)
  4. ^ "Bayram-Ali, Turkmenistan". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved 10 February 2013. 
  5. ^ "Climate Normals for Bayramaly". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 10 February 2013. 

Coordinates: 37°37′00″N 62°09′00″E / 37.6167°N 62.1500°E / 37.6167; 62.1500