Bačka Topola

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Bačka Topola
Бачка Топола
Topolya
Municipality and Town
Coat of arms of Bačka Topola
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Bačka Topola within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Bačka Topola within Serbia
Coordinates: 45°49′N 19°38′E / 45.817°N 19.633°E / 45.817; 19.633Coordinates: 45°49′N 19°38′E / 45.817°N 19.633°E / 45.817; 19.633
Country Serbia
Province Vojvodina
District North Bačka
Settlements 23
Government
 • Mayor Kókai Mernyák Melinda[1]
Area[2]
 • Municipality 596 km2 (230 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[3]
 • Town 14,573
 • Municipality 33,321
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 24300
Area code +381 24
Car plates SU
Website www.btopola.org.rs
Map of Bačka Topola municipality

Bačka Topola (Serbian Cyrillic: Бачка Топола, pronounced [bâːt͡ʃkaː tɔpɔ̌la]; Hungarian: Topolya, Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈtopojɒ]) is a town and municipality in the North Bačka District of Vojvodina, Serbia. The municipality is composed of 23 local communities and has a population of 33,321, while the town of Bačka Topola has 14,573 inhabitants.

Name[edit]

The name of the town derived from the Serbian word topola (топола) ("poplar" in English). The first part of the name of the town was given to designate its location in the region of Bačka in the contrast to places with similar names, like Topola in Šumadija or Banatska Topola in Banat.

History[edit]

The town was mentioned first in 1462 under name Fibaych. This settlement was destroyed in the 16th century and new smaller settlement was later built at its location. Name Topola was first recorded in 1543, while according to the Ottoman defters from 1580, 1582, and 1590, it was mentioned as a village, whose population numbered between 21 and 23 houses. In this time, the inhabitants of the settlement were Serbs. In 1704, Topola was destroyed by kuruc rebels.

In 1731, Topola was mentioned as an uninhabited heath. In 1750, the new settlement was founded at this location and 200 Hungarian and Slovak families arrived here from Upper Hungary.

Inhabited places[edit]

Bačka Topola municipality includes the town of Bačka Topola and the following villages:

Note: For the inhabited places with an absolute or relative Hungarian ethnic majority, the names are also given in Hungarian.

Historical population of the town[edit]

  • 1961: 15,079
  • 1971: 15,989
  • 1981: 17,027
  • 1991: 16,704

Demographics (2011 census)[edit]

Ethnic map of the Bačka Topola municipality

Ethnic groups in the municipality[edit]

The population of the Bačka Topola municipality is composed of:[4]

Settlements by ethnic majority[edit]

Local communities with a Hungarian majority are: Bačka Topola (Hungarian: Topolya), Bajša (Hungarian: Bajsa), Pačir (Hungarian: Pacsér), Stara Moravica (Hungarian: Bácskossuthfalva), Zobnatica (Hungarian: Andrásnépe), Bogaraš (Hungarian: Bogaras-Felváros), Obornjača (Hungarian: Nagyvölgy), Bagremovo (Hungarian: Brazília), Gunaroš (Hungarian: Gunaras), Novo Orahovo (Hungarian: Zentagunaras), and Kavilo (Hungarian: Rákóczifalu or Kavilló).

Local communities with a Serb majority are: Gornja Rogatica, Srednji Salaš, Panonija, Orešković, Bački Sokolac, Karađorđevo, Mićunovo, Njegoševo, Krivaja, Svetićevo, and Mali Beograd.

Pobeda (Hungarian: Győztes or Pobedabirtok) is an ethnically-mixed local community with a Hungarian relative majority. Krivaja, Mali Beograd, and Svetićevo have over 20% Hungarians, as well as other minorities, while Bačka Topola, Pačir, Zobnatica, and Pobeda have over 20% Serbs.

Ethnic groups in the town[edit]

The population of the Bačka Topola town is composed of:

Politics[edit]

Results of 2008 local elections in Bačka Topola municipality: [1]

Famous people[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Bačka Topola is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.
  1. ^ "Mayor". 
  2. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  3. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements". Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27. 
  4. ^ "Population by ethnicity – Bačka Topola". Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia (SORS). Retrieved 23 February 2013. 

External links[edit]