Baâlons

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Baâlons
Baâlons (Ardennes) city limit sign.JPG
Coat of arms of Baâlons
Coat of arms
Baâlons is located in France
Baâlons
Baâlons
Coordinates: 49°35′42″N 4°40′16″E / 49.595°N 4.6711°E / 49.595; 4.6711Coordinates: 49°35′42″N 4°40′16″E / 49.595°N 4.6711°E / 49.595; 4.6711
Country France
Region Champagne-Ardenne
Department Ardennes
Arrondissement Charleville-Mézières
Canton Omont
Intercommunality Crêtes Préardennaises
Government
 • Mayor (2012–2020) Pascal Nihotte
Area1 14.72 km2 (5.68 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 213
 • Density 14/km2 (37/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 08041 / 08430

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Baâlons is a French commune in the Ardennes department in the Champagne-Ardenne region of northern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Baâlonnais or Baâlonnaises.[1]

Geography[edit]

Baâlons is located some 25 km north-east of Rethel and 18 km south of Charleville-Mézières. Access to the commune is by the D28 road from Bouvellemont in the south which passes through the village and continues north-east then north to join the D27. The D991 also goes north from Bouvellemont passing through the west of the commune to join the D951 north of Mazerny. The commune is mixed forest and farmland with particularly large forests in the east.

The Ruisseau du Fond Cahors rises west of the village and flows west to join the Ruisseau de la Fontaine aux Chênes. The Ruisseau des Puiselets forms the western border of the commune as it flows south to join the Ruisseau du Fond Cahors. The Ruisseau de Baâlons rises in the north of the commune and flows south towards the village then turns east to join the Ruisseau de Bairon on the eastern border. The Ruisseau de Bairon forms the eastern border of the commune as it flows south to join the Étang de Bairon which feeds into the Canal des Ardennes west of Tannay.[2]

Hamlets and localities in the commune[edit]

Géraumont in 1905
Géraumont

Géraumont was a former fief where there is still a castle, now Géromont Farm.

Les Puiselets

A small hamlet west of Baâlons village. It is now very sparsely populated however the General Dictionary of cities towns, villages, hamlets and farms of France by Duclos says that in 1846 there were 70 inhabitants.[3]

Beauvois

A Hamlet in the north of the commune which is still populated.

Neighbouring communes and villages[4][edit]

History[edit]

Various objects have been found in the commune:[5]

The Universal Dictionary of Ancient and Modern France and New France by Marin Saugrain stated in 1726 that:[6]

"BAALON in Champagne, Diocese of Reims, Parliament of Paris, Intendance of Chalons, Election of Rhetel, has 419 inhabitants. The Curate is worth nine hundred livres.".


Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Baâlons
Blazon:

Parti per pale: 1 Or a lion Sable, 2 Argent with 3 fesses Sable; the whole in chief Gules charged with 3 mullets Or.



Administration[edit]

The Town Hall

List of Successive Mayors[7]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2008 Ludovic Dasnois
2008 2012 Henri Charpentier
2012 2020 Pascal Nihotte

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 213 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
660 751 795 902 925 947 920 907 862
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
- - 682 633 609 553 528 476 415
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
377 392 346 301 288 259 232 251 204
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
173 169 163 147 160 170 - 213 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

The War Memorial
Population of Baâlons

Sites and Monuments[edit]

The Church of Saint-Rémi and the Town Hall
  • The Church of Saint-Rémi is a church dating to the 13th century in the late Romanesque style with a tympanum over the door from the 10th century representing a man with a crosier and an open book flanked by two angels. The church contains two items which are registered as historical objects:
    • A Group Sculpture: Saint Nicolas (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[8]
    • A Statue: Virgin and child (14th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[9]
  • The Chapel of Saint Anne was built in 1911 on the site of a chapel dating from 1807 near the Saint Anne spring which was a place of pilgrimage. The Procession of Saint Anne is held on 26 July of each year.
Church and Chapel Picture Gallery

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Eugène Houssière, emigrated to Louisiana USA in 1883, donated the Chapel of Saint Anne in 1911.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Ardennes (French)
  2. ^ Google Maps
  3. ^ Duclos, Dictionnaire général des villes bourgs, villages, hameaux et fermes de la France, 4th ed., Paris & Limoges : Martial Ardent frères, p.387 (French)
  4. ^ Géoportail, IGN (French)
  5. ^ Archives MAE, GA0107 FR MAESA GA 55/1 (French)
  6. ^ Marin Saugrain, Dictionnaire universel de la France ancienne et moderne et de la Nouvelle France, Paris, 1726, t.1, p.271 (French)
  7. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM08000044 Group Sculpture: Saint Nicolas (French)Camera aabb.svg
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM08000043 Statue: Virgin and child (French)Camera aabb.svg