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Baqubah (Ba‘qūbah; also spelled Baquba and Baqouba) is the capital of Iraq's Diyala Governorate. Ba’qubu is the capitol of the Diyala Governorate in Iraq. It is one of seven districts in the Governorate. Ba’quba is one of the three districts in Diyala that make up 75% of the total population of the Diyala Governorate. The population of Ba’quba is 408, 105 people, which comprises 36% of Diyala. The percentage of the people living under the poverty line in the Ba’quba districts is around 6.6%. In 2012 49% (288 total) of all security incidents in the Diyala Governorate occurred in Ba’quba District. The literacy rate in Ba’quba District is around 86% which is slightly higher than average of 84% for the Diyala Governorate. The unemployment rate is 11%, which is the second to lowest rate after the Kifri District. In the Ba’quba district 80% of residents have access to public water but almost half reported the quality of the water as bad. The city of Ba’quba is located some 50 km (30 miles) to the northeast of Baghdad, on the Diyala River, just outside Iraq's Sunni Triangle. Ba’quba District is the center of agriculture and commerce. The name itself is thought to have come from the Aramaic language. During the times of the ancient Silk Road Ba’quba was a weigh station. In modern times Ba’quba is now the center for orange groves. The orange industry reaches all the way to the Iranian Border. The January 2005 Iraqi elections had a 58% participation rate, but in largely Sunni provinces the turnout was much lower with only 33% in Diyala. The 1/3 population of Shiites in the Diyala Governorate is considered to be one of the leading factors to the 33% participation rate in the largely Sunni populated districts in Diyala. Ba’quba District is home to the DMC (Diyala Media Center), which has one of the Middle East's tallest radio and television antennas at 1,047 feet. The DMC was built under contract by a Japanese architectural firm in 1989. The DMC is located just six miles south of Ba’quba and throughout the years of its existence several employees of the DMC have been kidnapped and killed. The News Station offers local news on both TV and radio and provides traffic updates. The climate in Ba’quba is mostly desert, with mild to cool winters and dry, hot summers. The temperature in the summer averages above 40 C (104 F) for much of the country and can frequently exceed 48 C (118 F). Winter temperatures typically range from 15 to 19 C (59 to 66 F) in the day, down to 2 to 5 C (35-41 F) at night. Sand and dust storms occur during the summer months, bringing uncomfortable conditions for a day or two. The Ba’quba District sometimes will even have snow in the winter months, this is rare though.