Baal-hanan

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Baal-hanan (Hebrew: בַּעַל חָנָן / בָּעַל חָנָן, Standard Báʿal ḥanan Tiberian Báʿal ḥānān / Bāʿal ḥānān) means "Baal is gracious". There are two men by this name in the Hebrew Bible.

In Genesis 36:38–39, Baal-hanan is a King of Edom. He is also mentioned in the King List in I Chronicles. He succeeded Shaul and was himself succeeded by Hadad. He was the son of Achbor, and his wife Mehetabel was the daughter of Matred and granddaughter of Mezahab.

He is called the son of Achbor; but the name of his native city is not given. For this and other reasons, Marqaurt supposes that "son of Achbor" is a duplicate of "son of Beor" (Gen. 36:32), and that "Baal-hanan" in the original text is given as the name of the father of the next king, Hadar.[1]

The date and even historicity of his reign are unknown, as he is not mentioned in any other surviving source.

In the Books of Chronicles there is also a second man by this name, from the city of Geder. In I Chronicles he is described as being responsible to King David for the care of olive and sycamore trees.


Preceded by
Saul of Rehoboth
King of Edom Succeeded by
Hadar

References[edit]

  1. ^ Josef Markwart (Joseph Marquart), Fundamente Israelitischer und Jüdischer Gesch. 1896, pp. 10 et seq.