The park covers an area of 33.92 square kilometres (13.10 sq mi), of which forests occupy 31.98 km2 (12.35 sq mi). The park includes the northern and part of the southern side of the Babia Góramassif, of which the main peak (also known as Diablak) is the highest point of the Orava Beskids mountain range at 1,725 metres (5,659 ft). There is a protected area Horná Orava Protected Landscape Area on the Slovakian side of the massif.
The area of Babia Góra was first brought under legal protection in 1933, when the Babia Góra Reserve was created. On October 30, 1954 it was designated a National Park. Since 1976 it has been listed by UNESCO as a biosphere reserve under the Man and the Biosphere (MaB) programme. The area of the biosphere reserve was extended in 2001.