Babolsar

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For the administrative subdivision, see Babolsar County.
Babolsar
بابلسر
city
Babolsar Bridge
Babolsar Bridge
Babolsar is located in Iran
Babolsar
Babolsar
Coordinates: 36°42′09″N 52°39′27″E / 36.70250°N 52.65750°E / 36.70250; 52.65750Coordinates: 36°42′09″N 52°39′27″E / 36.70250°N 52.65750°E / 36.70250; 52.65750
Country  Iran
Province Mazandaran
County Babolsar
Bakhsh Central
Population (2006)
 • Total 47,872
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Area code(s) 0112
Website http://www.babolsarcity.org

Babolsar (Persian: بابلسر‎, also Romanized as Bābolsar and Bābul Sar; also known as Mashhadsar (Persian: مَشهَدسَر), also Romanized as Mashhad-i-Sar and Meshed-i-Sar)[1] is a city in and the capital of Babolsar County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 47,872, in 13,442 families.[2]

Dabir Azam Hosna, former mayor of Babolsar
A park in Babolsar

Babolsar is located on the southern coast of the Caspian Sea. Since the Babol river passes through the city, both the bank of the river and the beach of the sea form tourist attractions in the city. The city is home to the major faculties of the University of Mazandaran.[citation needed] Babolsar has an area of 446 square kilometers.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The city acquired its current name in 1927. The city's historic name is MaÞhad-e Sar or Mashhadsar, meaning "the special way to Mashhad,[citation needed] referring to the only road connecting the northwest of Iran to the northeast, including Mashhad, which passed through Babolsar. By the 18th century, Babolsar had become a busy commercial port. During the reign of Nadir Shah, it was the base for Iran's Caspian fleet. By 1909, the port yielded 12 percent of the total customs revenue of Iran. However, by 1895, ports in Gilan were already competing with Babolsar.

During Reza Shah's reign, Babolsar lost much of its remaining trade to the new port of Bandar-e Shah at the terminus of the trans-Iranian railroad. The cargo handled at Babolsar in the years of 1935 and 1936 was only 25,000 tons. A modern quarter and a hotel were built during this period. The end of World War II brought a new era of vitality to the city as a summer seaside resort for people from Tehran, which gave rise to a new phase of rapid expansion. Babolsar's population increased from about 3,500 in 1945 to 11,781 in 1966 and 18,810 in 1976.[citation needed]

Climate[edit]

Babolsar has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with warm summers and cool winters. Rainfall may occur at any time of the year but is heaviest in autumn and winter.

Climate data for Zahedan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.8
(78.4)
24.6
(76.3)
31.0
(87.8)
32.4
(90.3)
42.0
(107.6)
36.0
(96.8)
37.0
(98.6)
39.0
(102.2)
39.0
(102.2)
34.0
(93.2)
30.0
(86)
25.0
(77)
42
(107.6)
Average high °C (°F) 11.7
(53.1)
11.5
(52.7)
13.3
(55.9)
18.2
(64.8)
23.5
(74.3)
27.8
(82)
30.4
(86.7)
30.1
(86.2)
27.6
(81.7)
22.9
(73.2)
18.4
(65.1)
14.2
(57.6)
20.8
(69.44)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.0
(44.6)
7.5
(45.5)
9.7
(49.5)
14.2
(57.6)
19.4
(66.9)
23.8
(74.8)
26.2
(79.2)
25.9
(78.6)
23.2
(73.8)
18.2
(64.8)
13.3
(55.9)
9.2
(48.6)
16.47
(61.65)
Average low °C (°F) 3.6
(38.5)
4.3
(39.7)
6.8
(44.2)
11.0
(51.8)
15.9
(60.6)
20.1
(68.2)
22.3
(72.1)
22.0
(71.6)
19.4
(66.9)
14.3
(57.7)
9.5
(49.1)
5.6
(42.1)
12.9
(55.21)
Record low °C (°F) −7
(19)
−4.0
(24.8)
−2
(28)
1.0
(33.8)
6.0
(42.8)
9.0
(48.2)
15.0
(59)
16.0
(60.8)
9.0
(48.2)
4.0
(39.2)
0.0
(32)
−3
(27)
−7
(19)
Precipitation mm (inches) 96.1
(3.783)
67.2
(2.646)
67.2
(2.646)
31.9
(1.256)
19.3
(0.76)
20.8
(0.819)
25.1
(0.988)
61.3
(2.413)
82.2
(3.236)
163.2
(6.425)
119.3
(4.697)
131.0
(5.157)
884.6
(34.826)
Avg. rainy days 10.7 9.6 11.5 8.2 6.3 4.7 4.9 7.9 7.8 9.0 9.1 10.6 100.3
Avg. snowy days 1.0 1.0 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0 0.3 2.8
 % humidity 86 85 85 83 80 77 78 80 82 84 86 87 82.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 124.7 119.4 126.5 162.0 214.2 242.4 237.9 205.0 181.5 161.4 136.9 122.4 2,034.3
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Babolsar can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3054346" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11. 
  3. ^ "Babolsar Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 28, 2012.