Babraham

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Babraham
Babraham Hall.jpg
Babraham Hall, now part of the Babraham Institute
Babraham is located in Cambridgeshire
Babraham
Babraham
 Babraham shown within Cambridgeshire
Population 276 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid reference TL5150
Civil parish Babraham
District South Cambridgeshire
Shire county Cambridgeshire
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CAMBRIDGE
Postcode district CB22
Dialling code 01223
Police Cambridgeshire
Fire Cambridgeshire
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
Cambridgeshire

Coordinates: 52°07′N 0°12′E / 52.12°N 00.20°E / 52.12; 00.20

Babraham is a village and civil parish in the South Cambridgeshire district of Cambridgeshire, England, about 6 miles (9.7 km) south-east of Cambridge on the A1307 road.

Babraham is home to the Babraham Institute which undertakes research into cell and molecular biology.

History[edit]

The parish of Babraham covers an area of 2,387 acres (966 ha) and is roughly rectangular in shape. Its straight northern boundary is formed by the ancient Wool Street, separating it from Fulbourn, and its eastern border follows the Icknield Way (now the A11), separating it from Little Abington. The remaining boundaries with Stapleford, Sawston and Pampisford are formed by field boundaries and a small section of the River Granta, on which the village lies.[2]

The course of the River Granta through the parish has been changed on numerous occasions; a watermill was listed as valueless in the 14th century when the river had changed course, and additional water channels have been dug for irrigation as well as to form an ornamental canal alongside Babraham Hall. Severe floods hit Babraham in both 1655 and 1749.[2]

Traces of a Roman villa have been found on its parish boundary with Stapleford. It has also been suggested that the village has moved site, the principal evidence being that the church is 400 metres (440 yd) from the present village. Babraham was comparatively wealthy during medieval times due to its wool trade, with the highest tax returns in its hundred. In the late 16th century the manor was the principal seat of the great Elizabethan merchant and financier Sir Horatio Palavicino.[3] Between 1632 and the 19th century, the manor was owned by the Bennet, and later the Adeane, families, who lived in Babraham Hall.[2] The Hall was built in 1833 by Henry John Adeane.[4]

Listed as Badburgham in the Domesday Book of 1086, the village's name means "homestead or village of a woman called Beaduburh".[5] This version of the name was also used in the 15th century, as the home village of an ostler called Roger Baldok, in a Plea Roll of the Court of Common Pleas.[6]

John Hullier was vicar of the parish of Babraham from 1549 until he was deprived in February 1556.[7] On 16 April 1556 he was burned at the stake on Jesus Green, Cambridge for refusing to renounce the Protestant faith.[4] The antiquary William Cole lived in Babraham as a child when his father was the steward of the owners of Babraham Hall.[2] In the 19th century Babraham was home to Jonas Webb, a noted stock breeder who played a pivotal role in developing the Southdown breed of sheep.[4]

Church[edit]

St Peter's Church
Church East window by John Piper

There was probably a church in the village at the time of the Norman Conquest, though the first official record was in the late 12th century. The present parish church, dedicated to St Peter since the 12th century, consists of a chancel, an aisled and clerestoried nave with north and south porches, and a west tower. The chancel and lower part of the tower date from the 13th century though there is evidence of an earlier building. The nave was completely rebuilt in the 15th century.[2]

Village life[edit]

The village contains a primary school called Babraham Primary School, which opened in 1959. It also retains one public house, The George, which was already open as an inn in 1488 but rebuilt in around 1600. There have been inns listed in the village from the 13th century, presumably on the Icknield Way at Bourn Bridge. Other former inns include The Angel, listed in 1490, The Swan, open in the 16th century, and The Chequer and The Griffin, all four of which were still open in 1600. Three ale-house licenses were awarded to the village in 1682.[2]

Babraham village cricket team won the Cambridgeshire Cricket Association Senior League in 2008.

Babraham in literature[edit]

F. L. Lucas's novel Doctor Dido (Cassell, London, 1938) is set in Babraham and its environs in the period 1793–1812. With much local and antiquarian detail, it tells the story of Samuel Plampin, Doctor of Divinity at Cambridge and vicar of St Peter's Babraham, who brings to the vicarage as his housekeeper a young Frenchwoman he finds in Cambridge, a destitute refugee from the Terror.

Evelyn Barnard's children's book The Brothers Are Walking is set in Babraham.[4]

Top Gear[edit]

The BBC car show Top Gear has been to Babraham, for their Alfa-Romeo challenge in 2008. The presenters Jeremy Clarkson, Richard Hammond and James May parked the cars in a small parking lot, next to The George Inn.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.cambridgeshireinsight.org.uk/census2011/census_maps
  2. ^ a b c d e f A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely 6. 1978. pp. 19–30. 
  3. ^ Ian W. Archer, ‘Palavicino, Sir Horatio (c.1540–1600)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 accessed 26 Dec 2013
  4. ^ a b c d "Babraham village - history". 
  5. ^ A. D. Mills (2003). "A Dictionary of British Place-Names". 
  6. ^ http://aalt.law.uh.edu/AALT1/H6/CP40no717/aCP40no717fronts/IMG_0477.htm
  7. ^ Location: Parish (Church): Babraham in "CCEd, the Clergy of the Church of England database" (Accessed online, 5 February 2014)

External links[edit]