The Baby Ballerinas were three young principal dancers of the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo in the 1930s. Children of the Russian exile community in Paris after the Revolution of 1917, they were discovered by George Balanchine in the studios of former Imperial ballerinas Olga Preobrajenskaya and Mathilde Kschessinskaya.
Irina Baronova and Tamara Toumanova, were each 12, and Tatiana Riabouchinska was 14; they already had some performing experience. Balanchine chose them to star in a new company, the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo. It succeeded the Ballets Russes after the death of Sergei Diaghilev in 1929; Balanchine was to be its chief choreographer.