Bacău County

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bacău County
Județul Bacău
County
Coat of arms of Bacău County
Coat of arms
Location of Bacău County in Romania
Location of Bacău County in Romania
Coordinates: 46°25′N 26°47′E / 46.42°N 26.78°E / 46.42; 26.78Coordinates: 46°25′N 26°47′E / 46.42°N 26.78°E / 46.42; 26.78
Country  Romania
Development region1 Nord-Est
Historic region Moldavia
Capital city (Reședință de județ) Bacău
Government
 • Type County Board
 • President of the County Board Dragoș Benea (PSD)
 • Prefect2 Claudiu Şerban
Area
 • Total 6,621 km2 (2,556 sq mi)
Area rank 14th in Romania
Population (2011 census[1])
 • Total 616,168
 • Rank 9th in Romania
 • Density 93/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 60wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x344
Car Plates BC5
GDP US$ 5.49 billion (2008)
GDP/capita US$ 7,776 (2008)
Website County Board
County Prefecture
1The development regions of Romania have no administrative role and were formed in order to manage funds from the European Union.
2As of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned from engaging in any political activity in the first six months after his resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps.
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Bacău (Romanian pronunciation: [baˈkəw] ( )) is a county (județ) of Romania, in Moldavia, with its capital city at Bacău. It has one commune, Ghimeș-Făget, in Transylvania.

Demographics[edit]

In October 20, 2011, it had a population of 616,168 and the population density was 93/km².[1]

The ethnic breakdown was as follows:[2]

According to the 2001 census the Csángó (Romanian: Ceangăi) Hungarians number 4,373 people (0.7%). Some estimates put the total number of Csángós at around 70,000.[3]

Year County population[4]
1948 414,996
1956 Increase 507,937
1966 Increase 598,321
1977 Increase 667,791
1992 Increase 737,512
2002 Decrease 706,623
2011 Decrease 616,168

Geography[edit]

This county has a total area of 6,621 km².

The West side of the county are mountains from the Eastern Carpathian group. Here, along the valleys of the Oituz River and Trotuș River there are two important links between Moldavia and Transylvania. To the East side, the heights decrease and the lowest point can be found on the Siret River valley which crosses the county from North to South in the middle. On the East side there is the Moldavian Plateau crossed by many small rivers.

Neighbours[edit]

Economy[edit]

The county of Bacău was one of the most industrialized regions in the communist period and it remained Moldavia's most important industrial center ever since. There are two large oil refineries at Onești and Dărmănești. Following the collapse of the communist regime, Bacău continued to be the region's most important GDP supplier, but the county became more famous for the controversial figures involved in local economy than for its performance.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • The chemical and oil industry.
  • Food industry.
  • Construction materials industry.
  • Wood and paper industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Mechanical components industry.
  • Aeronautics industry.

In Bacău county there are important reserves of oil and salt. Also coal is exploited.

Tourism[edit]

The main tourist destinations in the county are:

People[edit]

Administrative divisions[edit]

The coat of arms used until 3 March 2008[5][6][7]

Bacău County has 3 municipalities, 5 towns and 85 communes

Politics[edit]

Bacău became famous after electing Ilie Ilașcu of the Greater Romania Party as their Senator, while he was held in prison in Transnistria.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  2. ^ http://www.recensamantromania.ro/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/Comunicat_DATE_PROVIZORII_RPL_2011.pdf
  3. ^ 1987 estimate published in: Tennant, Chris (transl.) (1994) The Hungarian minority’s situation in Ceauşescu's Romania. Boulder: Social Science Monographs. p. 33.
  4. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992, 2002 şi 2011"
  5. ^ Bacău County Council decision
  6. ^ appendix 1 of the previous decision (the image)
  7. ^ appendix 2 of the previous decision (the descriprion and symbolism)

External links[edit]