Bac Ninh Province
|Bac Ninh Province
Tỉnh Bắc Ninh
|— Province —|
|Nickname(s): The homeland of Quan họ|
|Region||Red River Delta|
|• Secretary||Trần Văn Túy|
|• People's Council Chair||Nguyễn Sỹ|
|• People's Committee Chair||Nguyễn Nhân Chiến|
|• Total||823.1 km2 (317.8 sq mi)|
|Population (April 1, 2009)|
|• Density||1,244/km2 (3,220/sq mi)|
|Time zone||ICT (UTC+7)|
|ISO 3166 code||VN-56|
Bắc Ninh ( listen) is a province of Vietnam, located in the Red River Delta of the northern part of the country. It is situated to the east of the Vietnamese capital, Hanoi, and borders Bac Giang Province, Hung Yen Province, Hai Duong Province, Vinh Phuc Province, and Hanoi.The province's name derives from Sino-Vietnamese 北寧, literally "northern serenity".
The province is rich in culture and is known nationally for Quan họ folk music.
Bac Ninh is located in a tropical monsoon region. Average annual temperature is 23°C, average annual rainfall is 1,400-1,600mm, average annual sunshine is 1,530-1,776 hours, relative humidity is 79%.
Bac Ninh has a rather even and flat terrain, mainly sloping from north to south and west to east, causing currents to flow down into Duong River and Thai Binh River. The terrain odds is not much; field areas are 3-7m high and hill and mountain areas are 300-400m high above sea level. Its hills and mountains only make up 0, 53% of its natural area mainly in 2 districts of Que Vo and Tien Du. Besides, there are shallow depressions along dykes under districts of Gia Binh, Luong Tai, Que Vo, and Yen Phong.
Natural resources 
The province’s total natural land area is 822.7 km2, in which agricultural land, forestry land, specialized and residential land and unused land accounts for 54%, 0.7%, 31% and 14.3% respectively. The province’s mineral reserve is limited (mainly construction materials such as clay in Que Vo and Tien Du, sandstone in Thi Cau, Vu Ninh, Bac Ninh town and peat in Yen Phong.
Administration divisions 
|Name||Division type||Population (2009)||Area (km²)||Towns (huyện lỵ or thị trấn) (bold)
and communes (xã)
|Bac Ninh||City (thành phố)||164,307||82.6||Wards (phường):Đáp Cầu, Thị Cầu, Vũ Ninh, Suối Hoa, Ninh Xá, Tiền An, Vệ An, Vạn An, Kinh Bắc, Đại Phúc, Võ Cường, Vân Dương, Hạp Lĩnh.Communes: Hòa Long, Phong Khê, Khúc Xuyên, Kim Chân, Nam Sơn, Khắc Niệm|
|Tu Son||Town (thị xã)||140,040||61.3||Wards (phường): Châu Khê, Đình Bảng, Đông Ngàn, (Đồng Nguyên, Đồng Kỵ, Tân Hồng, Trang Hạ . Communes: Hương Mạ, Phù Chẩn, Phù Khê, Tam Sơn, Tương Giang.|
|Thuan Thanh District||District (huyện)||144,536||117.9||Hồ, An Bình, Đại Đồng Thành, Đình Tổ, Gia Đông, Hà Mãn, Hoài Thượng, Mão Điền, Nghĩa Đạo, Ngũ Thái, Nguyệt Đức, Ninh Xá, Song Hồ, Song Liễu, Thanh Khương, Trạm Lộ, Trí Quả, Xuân Lâm.|
|Que Vo District||District (huyện)||135,938||149.1||Phố Mới, Bằng An, Bồng Lai, Cách Bi, Chi Lăng, Đức Long, Châu Phong, Đào Viên, Đại Xuân, Hán Quảng, Mộ Đạo, Nhân Hoà, Ngọc Xá, Phượng Mao, Phương Liễu, Phù Lãng, Phù Lương, Quế Tân, Việt Hùng, Việt Thống và Yên Giả.|
|Tien Du District||District (huyện)||124,396||96.2||Lim,Cảnh Hưng, Đại Đồng, Hiên Vân, Lạc Vệ, Liên Bão, Minh Đạo, Nội Duệ, Phật Tích, Phú Lâm, Tân Chi, Tri Phương, Việt Đoàn, Hoàn Sơn.|
|Yen Phong District||District (huyện)||126,660||95.2||Chờ, Dũng Liệt, Đông Phong, Đông Thọ, Đông Tiến, Hòa Tiến, Long Châu, Tam Đa, Tam Giang, Thụy Hòa, Trung Nghĩa, Văn Môn, Yên Phụ, Yên Trung.|
|Gia Binh District||District (huyện)||92,269||107.9||Gia Bình, Giang Sơn, Song Giang, Đông Cứu, Lãng Ngâm, Đại Bái, Quỳnh Phú, Đại Lai, Xuân Lai, Nhân Thắng, Thái Bảo, Bình Dương, Vạn Ninh, Cao Đức.|
|Luong Tai District||District (huyện)||96,326||105.7||Thứa, An Thịnh, Bình Định, Lai Hạ, Lâm Thao, Minh Tân, Mỹ Hương, Phú Hòa, Phú Lương, Quảng Phú, Tân Lãng, Trung Chính, Trung Kênh, Trừng Xá.|
In terms of land area, Bắc Ninh is the smallest of all Vietnamese provinces (and in fact, is smaller than any of the five province-level municipalities). It is, however, home to a relatively large number of people for its size, having the highest population density of any province. On average, there are over 1,200 people for every square kilometre of land in Bắc Ninh.
Historically, Bắc Ninh province and the neighbouring Bac Giang Province were united as Ha Bac Province. However, the population growth resulted in Ha Bac being split into two new provinces, each based around one of the old province's two major settlements. The new Bắc Ninh Province was formed around the municipality of Bắc Ninh, while the modern Bắc Giang Province encompasses Bắc Giang Municipality and most of the old Ha Bac Province's rural districts.
The geographical position and infrastructure. Bac Ninh is about 30 kilometres from Hanoi and Noi Bai International Airport, and some 100 km from Haiphong, Halong, Cai Lan port and Lang Son bordergate
- Roadway: The province has over 3,906.8 km of road, 104.8 km of which is from 4 routes of national roads of No1 (old and new routes) (linking Hanoi – Bacninh – Lang Son), No18 (Noi Bai – Bacninh – Ha Long), and No38 (Bacninh – Haiduong – Haiphong), the Noi Bai-Ha Long Expressway 251 km from routes of rovincial roads, 404 km from district and urban areas, and some 3,147 km from commune and hamlet roads.
- Waterway: Three big rivers flowing through Bac Ninh comprise the Cau River leaving 42 km long, Thai Binh River 17 km long, and Duong River 42 km long. Besides, there are Dap Cau Port, and two special ports of the Cau River.
- Railway: A 20-km Hanoi-Langson Rail Route runs through Bac Ninh and 4 railway stations of Tu Son, Lim, Bac Ninh, and Thi Cau. A 39-km Yen Vien-Pha Lai Rail Route is planned to construct at districts of Tien Du, Tu Son, Que Vo, Bac Ninh City.
- Power supply: Power is stably supplied for production and domestic consumption. 120 km of 110kV national grid; 249.3 km of 35-kV electric lines; 3,700 km of 0.4kV electric lines. All districts and cities have national grid and all of households use electricity.
Bac Ninh Province lies on the major traffic artery linking Vietnam and China – which is a strongly growing market and expected to be larger as the China - ASEAN free trade area is formed. It also lies on the Nanning - Lang Son - Hanoi - Hai Phong and Nanning - Singapore economic corridors, the Hanoi capital city planning area and the busy Hanoi - Hai Phong - Quang Ninh economic development triangle.
Bacninh Province is known as a light point in industrial development, has been lifting rapidly with long steps of industrialisation – modernisation. Bac Ninh has 15 industrial parks with total areas of 7,681 ha, of which nine have operated effectively. The industrial parks have lured 272 foreign direct investment (FDI) projects totaling to over $3.7 billion, including those invested by Canon, Samsung, P&Tel, Sumitmoto, Foxconn, ABB, Orion, PepsiCo and Nokia. They have attracted 254 domestic projects with total registered capital of over $1 billion and a labour force of more than 83,000. Bac Ninh has as many as 120 handicraft-producing villages, 62 of which are involved in producing traditional products such as copper casting (Dai Bai-Gia Binh), iron and steel (Da Hoi-Tu Son), and wooden products (Dong Ky-Kim Son). They have the upper hand and high potentials to contribute much to Bac Ninh’s economic development.
Bac Ninh is hometown of not only Kinh Dương Vương – the very first king of ancient Viet ethic but also eight Kings of Ly Dynasty. Many historical and cultural relics such as Do Temple (where 8 Kings of Ly Dynasty are worshipped), Dau pagoda (the first pagoda in Vietnamese history, But Thap pagoda (an ancient pagoda), Phat Tich pagoda, Dam pagoda and local Literature Temple; thousands of local festival, from small to large, having special meaning such as Dau pagoda festival, Lim festival, Do temple festival and Ba Chua Kho temple festival.
The Quan họ style originated in what is now Bắc Ninh Province and was first recorded in the 13th century, and has traditionally been associated with the spring festivals that follow the celebration of Tết (the Vietnamese New Year).Quan ho is recognised as the Intangible Cultural Heritage by the UNESCO in 2009.
The village of Dong Ho (Đông Hồ) in the province of Bắc Ninh is known as a center of production of traditional Vietnamese woodblock prints (tranh Đông Hồ), which are sold all throughout Vietnam in time for the Lunar New Year (Tết) celebrations.
List of festivals in Bac Ninh Province:
|Name of festival and Conducted time||Location||Content|
|Phat Tich pagoda festival ( 4th of the first Lunar month||Phat Tich commune, Tien Du district||Worship: "Quan Am" Buddha, and Emperor Ly Thanh Ton
Coming to Buddhist area, spaying for happy and prosperity.
|Dong Ky fine- cracker festival (the 2nd of the first Lunar month)||Dong Quang commune, Tu Son||Worship: Thien Cuong De (Hung Vuong regime)
Coming here to spray for lucky and happy and also have wrestle competition.
|Chap festival ( 4th of the first Lunar month)||Hoa Long commune||Worship: Truong Hong, Truong Hat
Competition: singing Quan Ho, and tug of war
|Nga Hoang Festival( 7th of the first Lunar month)||Yen Gia commune, Que Vo district||Worship: Linh Son, Mi Nuong
Offering custom The Elbow custom of boys and girls
|Tam Son pagoda festival (8th- 12th of the first Lunar month)||Tam Son commune, Tu Son district||Worship: Buddha
Entertainment: Puppet- showing, Cock- fighting, Earthenware pot shattering, Quan Ho singing
|Bo Son festival(9th of the first Lunar month)||Khac Niem commune||The festival of Quan Ho village|
|Lim festival(13th – 15th of the first Lunar month)||Van Tuong commune, Tien Du district||Entertainment: Singing folk songs, Tug of war, Human chess, Cock- fighting...|
|Ba Chua Kho temple festival (14th of the first Lunar month)||Co Me village, Vu Ninh commune||Worship: Ba Chua Kho
Spaying for happy and prosperity.
|Diem festival||Viem Xa village, Hoa Long commune||Worship: Thanh Tam Giang, Nam Hai Dai Vuong
Competition: Singing Quan ho, to vie the ball with each other.
|To pagoda festival (18th- 23rd of the first Lunar month)||Thai Bao commune||Competition:
Reading sprayer- book, wrestling, regatta, weaving.
|Phu Luu festival (8th of the third Lunar month)||Tan Hong commune, Tu Son||Worship: Tam Giang God
Competition: Singing folksong, chess, and wrestling...
|Dinh Bang village temple festival (12th-16th of the third Lunar moth)||Dinh Bang commune, Tu Son||Worship: God of mountain, God of river, and God of plants. Custom of sacrifice to the God Competition: wrestling, cock- fighting|
|Do temple festival (14th-17th of the third Lunar month)||Dinh Bang commune, Tu Son||Worship: 8 Emperors of Ly dynasty.
Custom: Coronation, Offering incenses. Entertainment: Releasing pigeon, wrestling, cock- fighting, singing folksongs
|Kham festival (7th of the fourth Lunar month)||Gia Dong commune, Thuan Thanh district||Worship: 3 totelary Gods.
Custom: Receive with consideration Lac Long Quan to village temple Spraying for a good crop. Entertainment: Wrestling, cock- fighting, chess
|Dau pagoda festival (8th of the fourth Lunar month)||Thanh Khuong commune, Thuan Thanh district||Worship: Phap Van statue
Custom: Pick up to pagoda, Offering incense, spaying Entertainment: stick dancing, dragon dancing... Entertainment: Wrestling, cock- fighting, chess
Bacninh's education system is divided into 5 categories: pre-primary, primary, intermediate, secondary, and higher education.
Kindergarten and kindergarten for children from 2 to 5 years old to form thinking for children. Create the habit, the day of this period (not all children must learn this level).
Primary school level is also called the level, starting 6 years old. Level I consists of 5 levels, from grade 1 to grade 5. This is a grade school on, required for all students.
Secondary level education: Level II includes 4 levels, from grade 6 to grade 9. Students must learn to school subjects: Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry (grade 8.9), Biology, Technology, written language, History, Geography, Education Citizens, Foreign Language, Health, Parenting Music - Visual Arts.
In addition students have some information required such as: education outside the classroom on time, direction of education (grade 9), use of school ... To study the higher level students to participate in the examination enrollment.
Level secondary school: Level III consists of 3 levels, from grade 10 to grade 12. To graduate level III, students must participate in the graduation exam secondary school of education and training.
Students want to study in schools-public school to attend an examination of birth. The exam is held every year, by the Department of Education and Training of the local lead. At this level, students also study subjects similar in grade middle school. However, students in secondary school also take a number of other activities as the business, vocational ...
Bacninh has had universities and colleges, vocatonal training skill secondary schools and centres providing investors with labour source suitable for demand on high technical qualification of enteprises.
- Bắc Ninh University of Physical Education and Sports(UPES1)
- Kinh Băc University
- Bac Ha International University
- University of Technology - Logistics People's Police(Đại học Kỹ thuật - Hậu cần Công an nhân dân)
- Academy of Policy and Development
- Dong A University of Technology
Notable people 
- Cao Lỗ
- Ly Thai To
- Ly Thai Tong
- Ly Thanh Tong
- Ly Nhan Tong
- Ly Than Tong
- Ly Anh Tong
- Ly Cao Tong
- Ly Hue Tong
- Ly Chieu Hoang
- Y Lan
- Nguyen Van Cu
- Le Quang Dao
- Nguyen Thuyen
- Le Van Thinh
- Van Hanh
- Andrew Dung-Lac
- Hoang Anh Tuan
- Hoang Cam
- General Pham Van Tra
- Ly Dao Thanh
- Ly Long Tuong
- Nguyễn Gia Thiều
- Nguyễn Quảng Tuân
- Ngo Gia Tu
- Huyen Quang
International relations 
The leader also expressed his wish to share the province’s experience with Angola in investment promotion, contributing to fostering the friendship between the two peoples.They signed a memorandum of understanding on cooperation in forestry exploitation and processing, and the supply of construction workers in oil and gas to the African country.
Cambodia wants to tighten cooperation in many fields with Vietnam, including the northern province of Bac Ninh, to deepen solidarity and friendship between the two countries.Cambodia will continue receiving Vietnam and Bac Ninh Province’s assistance in corruption prevention, meeting citizens and settlement of complaints and denouncements.
Korea investment projects in northern Bac Ninh Province have greatly contributed to the development of the province's key industrial sectors.
Bac ninh committed to helping Hua Phan upgrade its infrastructure for agricultural production, mining and processing industries.Bac Ninh will also help Hua Phan build a primary school and grant scholarships to students from Hua Phan studying in Vietnam.
The Vietnam – Japan Friendship Organization held a prayer for peace at Bac Ninh provincial Museum.A delegation from the ASEAN-Japan Centre visited Bac Ninh on October 24,2012 to learn about the investment environment in this northern province.
- Bắc Ninh Province official website (Vietnamese)
- Bắc Ninh Industrial Zones Authority website
- Forum for Bắc Ninh Community
- Bac Ninh Province attractions
- Vietnam tour packages
||Bac Giang Province|
|Ha Noi||Hai Duong Province|
|Hung Yen Province|