Baca County, Colorado

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Baca County, Colorado
Map of Colorado highlighting Baca County
Location in the state of Colorado
Map of the United States highlighting Colorado
Colorado's location in the U.S.
Founded April 16, 1889
Named for Felipe Baca
Seat Springfield
Largest town Springfield
Area
 • Total 2,557.09 sq mi (6,623 km2)
 • Land 2,555.72 sq mi (6,619 km2)
 • Water 1.37 sq mi (4 km2), 0.05%
Population
 • (2010) 3,788
 • Density 1.8/sq mi (0.7/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website bacacountyco.gov.html

Baca County is the southeasternmost of the 64 counties of the state of Colorado of the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 3,788.[1] The county seat is Springfield.[2]

History[edit]

Baca County was created by the Colorado legislature on April 16, 1889, out of the eastern portions of Las Animas County. Baca County was named in honor of pioneer and Colorado territorial legislator Felipe Baca.

Baca County was one of the hardest hit areas in the Dust Bowl.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 2,557.09 square miles (6,622.8 km2), of which 2,555.72 square miles (6,619.3 km2) (or 99.95%) is land and 1.37 square miles (3.5 km2) (or 0.05%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 1,479
1900 759 −48.7%
1910 2,516 231.5%
1920 8,721 246.6%
1930 10,570 21.2%
1940 6,207 −41.3%
1950 7,964 28.3%
1960 6,310 −20.8%
1970 5,674 −10.1%
1980 5,419 −4.5%
1990 4,556 −15.9%
2000 4,517 −0.9%
2010 3,788 −16.1%
Est. 2012 3,751 −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[6]
Baca County, Colorado

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 4,517 people, 1,905 households, and 1,268 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 2,364 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.73% White, 0.04% Black or African American, 1.20% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 2.99% from other races, and 1.79% from two or more races. 7.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,905 households out of which 28.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.40% were non-families. 30.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.50% under the age of 18, 5.90% from 18 to 24, 22.70% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 22.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 99.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,099, and the median income for a family was $34,018. Males had a median income of $23,169 versus $18,292 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,068. About 12.90% of families and 16.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.60% of those under age 18 and 13.30% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

National historic trail[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 10, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Laskin, David (December 17, 2005). "Laying Bare Dust Bowl's Scar Tissue". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 10, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 10, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 37°19′N 102°34′W / 37.32°N 102.56°W / 37.32; -102.56