|Elevation||2,790 ft (850 m)|
Area and Population
The area of the municipality is 1,530.47 km² and the population was 1,264 in 2005, most of whom were residing in the only settlement, which serves as the municipal seat. . The municipal seat is located at an elevation of 850 meters.
Origin of the Name and History
In 1645 the Jesuit missionary Cristóbal García founded the settlement of San Luis de Bacadéhuachi, in lands then occupied by the Opata tribe.
The region is semi-arid and lies in the foothills of the Sierra Madre Occidental. The main river is the Bavispe. There are pine forests in the mountainous areas and wildlife is abundant. Mammals still present are deer, puma, lince, coyote, jaguar, mapache, and skunk. Some of the birds are the owl, nightengale, buzzard, and eagle.
The population has decreased since the last census in 1995 when there were 1,380 inhabitants. Scarce economic opportunities have caused many young people to emigrate. The population density is extremely low, with 0.88 inhabitants per square kilometer.
The economy is almost entirely based on agriculture and cattle raising, both of which are poorly developed due to the shortage of water. There were approximately 11,000 head of cows in 2005. 
- Enciclopedia de los Municipios de Mexico
- Municipios de Sonora
- Sonora, Mexico
- Sonora Turismo
- Gobierno de Sonora