Bachat Lamp Yojna
Bachat Lamp Yojana is a program by the government of India to reduce the cost of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs, i.e., energy saving lights) sold to consumers. Implemented through the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) in India's Ministry of Power, the program's goal is to deliver CFLs at the cost of normal lightbulbs. The difference in cost will be covered by the sale of Certified Emission Rights under the Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol.
Lighting accounts for almost 20% of the total electricity demand in the country. The majority of lighting needs in the country are met by incandescent bulbs, particularly in the household sector. Incandescent bulbs are extremely energy inefficient as over 90% of the electricity is converted into heat, and only up to 10% is used for lighting.
Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs) provide an energy-efficient alternative to the incandescent lamp by using one-fifth as much electricity as an incandescent lamp to provide the same level of illumination. CFLs have almost completely penetrated the commercial market, and the sales of CFLs in India have grown from about 20 million in 2003 to around 200 million in 2008. Statistics by lighting association indicates that the penetration of CFLs in household sector is only about 5% - 10%. The relatively low penetration rate is largely due to the high price of the CFLs, which costs 8-10 times as much as incandescent bulbs.
It is estimated that about 400 million light points in India today are lighted by incandescent bulbs; their replacement by CFLs would lead to a reduction of over 10,000 MW in electricity demand.
The "Bachat Lamp Yojana" aims at the large scale replacement of incandescent bulbs in households by CFLs. It seeks to provide CFLs to households at the price similar to that of incandescent bulbs. It plans to utilize the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol to recover the cost differential between the market price of the CFLs and the price at which they are sold to households. The Bachat lamp yojana was launched in February 2009.
The Bachat Lamp Yojana is designed as a public-private partnership between the Government of India, private sector CFL suppliers and State level Electricity Distribution Companies (DISCOMs). The CFL suppliers would sell high quality CFLs to households at a price of Rs. 15 per CFL within a designated project area in a DISCOM region of operation. The CFL supplier will be chosen by the DISCOM through a due diligence process from a list of CFL suppliers empanelled by BEE. Under the scheme only 60 Watt and 100 Watt incandescent Lamps will be replaced with 11- 15 Watt and 20 - 25 Watt CFLs respectively. BEE will monitor the electricity savings in each project area.
It is expected that around 50 lakh CFLs will be replaced in each DISCOM area. Maximum of four CF-Lamps will be distributed to every customer at the price of a normal bulb (i.e. Rs.15). The difference in CFL cost will be obtained by the implementing agency through CDM in the form of CER's.