Bachelor of Accountancy
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The degree of Bachelor of Accountancy (also known as Bachelor of Accounting) is the principal academic degree in accountancy in several countries, and is often the only (undergraduate) degree recognised for subsequent practice as a professional accountant; see First professional degree. It is abbreviated B.Acy. or B.Acc. or B. Accty.. It is also sometimes titled "Bachelor of Accounting Science" (B.Acc.Sci.) or "Baccalaureus Computationis" (B.Compt.).
The B.Acy. is extremely specialized: the curriculum requires study sufficient for professional practice (often at the major-level) in financial accounting, management accounting, auditing, and taxation. The curriculum also includes general coverage of management theory, business mathematics and -statistics, and intermediate coursework in business law and economics. The degree is thus not to be confused with a B.B.A. in Accounting or B.Com. in Accounting, which are general business degrees with accounting as an area of concentration; for discussion, see further under Bachelor's degree. Some bachelor programs in accountancy allow for specializations in topics such as Tax Accountancy or Auditing/Forensic Accountancy.
Due to the nature of the B.Acy., it is a professional degree course that not many universities actually offer. In the United States, it is likely to be a four-year undergraduate degree. In other parts of the world, such as Singapore, it can be a three-year undergraduate degree course as well. In Malta, it is a two year course which can be taken after qualifying in Bachelor of Commerce only for students who obtain exceptional grades in their previous course. Most public universities in South Africa offer the degree or a variant, often as a postgraduate Honours degree.
After completion of the Bachelor of Accountancy, students typically go on to work as accountants in industry, and / or pursue professional accountant status. When the degree is recognized for this purpose, graduates will therefore pursue the CPA or CA (or other) designations, and thus take up "articles" at an accounting firm accredited for training, so as to meet the relevant work experience requirements, and will then also sit the associated Professional Examination.
Note that in the United States, a bachelors degree in accountancy is generally not sufficient for practice as a professional accountant. Also, employers in industry prefer to hire applicants with a master's in accountancy (or an MBA with a concentration in accounting) and/or with professional certification. Accountancy graduates intending to work as accountants will therefore often commence with the Master of Accountancy; an accelerated or advanced program may be offered to these students.