The Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN, or BScN in Canada) is a four-year academic degree in the science and principles of nursing, granted by a tertiary educationuniversity or similarly accredited school.
Though one is eligible to sit for the licensing examination to become a registered nurse after graduating from either a two-year program with an Associate's Degree (ADN) or from a four-year program with an Bachelor's Degree (BSN), the BSN prepares nurses for a professional role away from the bedside with coursework in nursing science, research, leadership, and nursing informatics. A BSN also provides the student with general education in math, humanities and social sciences.
A bachelors opens up opportunities for greater career advancement and higher salary options. This degree qualifies its holder for administrative, research, consulting and teaching positions, that would not be available to those with only an ADN.
Although a BSN is not required for entry into professional nursing now, there has been a push for it to become the minimum degree for professional nursing since 1964, when the ANA House of Delegates approved a motion supporting such action. According to the ANA the title Registered Nurse should be reserved for those holding a baccalaureate degree, while those holding associates degrees be titled practical or technical nurses.