Bacillaceae

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Bacillaceae
Bacillus subtilis Gram.jpg
Bacillus subtilis, Gram stained
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Division: Firmicutes
Class: Bacilli
Order: Bacillales
Family: Bacillaceae
Garrity et al. 2001
Genera

Alkalibacillus
Amphibacillus
Anoxybacillus
Bacillus
Caldalkalibacillus
Cerasibacillus
Exiguobacterium
Filobacillus
Geobacillus
Gracilibacillus
Halalkalibacillus
Halobacillus
Halolactibacillus
Jeotgalibacillus
Lentibacillus
Lysinibacillus
Marinibacillus
Oceanobacillus
Ornithinibacillus
Paraliobacillus
Paucisalibacillus
Pelagibacillus
Piscibacillus
Pontibacillus
Saccharococcus
Salibacillus
Salimicrobium
Salinibacillus
Salirhabdus
Salsuginibacillus
Tenuibacillus
Terribacillus
Thalassobacillus
Ureibacillus
Virgibacillus
Vulcanibacillus

Bacillaceae is a family of Gram-positive, heterotrophic, rod-shaped bacteria that may produce endospores.[1] Motile members of this family are characterized by peritrichous flagellae. Some Bacillaceae are aerobic, while others are facultative or strict anaerobes. Most are non-pathogenic, but Bacillus species are known to cause disease in humans.

Gram-variable cell wall[edit]

Some Bacillaceae, such as the genera Filobacillus, Lentibacillus and Halobacillus, stain Gram-negative or Gram-variable, but are known to have a Gram-positive cell wall.[2]

Nomenclature[edit]

Genera within this family are sometimes colloquially identified as bacilli. However, this term is a misnomer because it does not distinguish between class Bacilli, order Bacillales, family Bacillaceae and genus Bacillus.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology (2 ed.), Volume 3. 2008. The low G + C Gram-positive Bacteria. Editors: De Vos, P., Garrity, G., Jones, D., Krieg, N.R., Ludwig, W., Rainey, F.A., Schleifer, K.-H. and W.B. Whitman. ISBN 0-387-95041-9
  2. ^ Lim, J.M., Jeon, C.O., Song, S.M., and C.J. Kim. 2005. Pontibacillus chungwhensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a moderately halophilic Gram-positive bacterium from a solar saltern in Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 55:165-170.