|Bacillus subtilis, Gram stained|
Garrity et al. 2001
Bacillaceae is a family of Gram-positive, heterotrophic, rod-shaped bacteria that may produce endospores. Motile members of this family are characterized by peritrichous flagellae. Some Bacillaceae are aerobic, while others are facultative or strict anaerobes. Most are non-pathogenic, but Bacillus species are known to cause disease in humans.
Gram-variable cell wall
Genera within this family are sometimes colloquially identified as bacilli. However, this term is a misnomer because it does not distinguish between class Bacilli, order Bacillales, family Bacillaceae and genus Bacillus.
- Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology (2 ed.), Volume 3. 2008. The low G + C Gram-positive Bacteria. Editors: De Vos, P., Garrity, G., Jones, D., Krieg, N.R., Ludwig, W., Rainey, F.A., Schleifer, K.-H. and W.B. Whitman. ISBN 0-387-95041-9
- Lim, J.M., Jeon, C.O., Song, S.M., and C.J. Kim. 2005. Pontibacillus chungwhensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a moderately halophilic Gram-positive bacterium from a solar saltern in Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 55:165-170.
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