|This article relies on references to primary sources. (August 2012)|
BackTrack 5 R3
|Developer||Mati Aharoni, Devon Kearns, Offensive Security.|
|Working state||Superseded by Kali Linux|
|Source model||Open source|
|Latest release||5 R3 / August 13, 2012|
|Platforms||i386 (x86), AMD64 (x86-64), ARM|
|Default user interface||Bash, KDE Plasma Desktop, Fluxbox, GNOME|
BackTrack was a Linux distribution, superseded by Kali Linux, that focused on security based on the Ubuntu Linux distribution aimed at digital forensics and penetration testing use. In March 2013, the Offensive Security team rebuilt BackTrack around the Debian distribution and released it under the name Kali Linux.
The BackTrack distribution originated from the merger of two formerly competing distributions which focused on penetration testing:
- WHAX: a Slax-based Linux distribution developed by Mati Aharoni, a security consultant. Earlier versions of WHAX were called Whoppix and were based on Knoppix.
- Auditor Security Collection: a Live CD based on Knoppix developed by Max Moser which included over 300 tools organized in a user-friendly hierarchy.
The overlap with Auditor and WHAX in purpose and in collection of tools partly led to the merger.
BackTrack provided users with easy access to a comprehensive and large collection of security-related tools ranging from port scanners to Security Audit. Support for Live CD and Live USB functionality allowed users to boot BackTrack directly from portable media without requiring installation, though permanent installation to hard disk and network was also an option.
BackTrack included many well known security tools including:
- Metasploit for integration
- Wi-Fi drivers supporting monitor mode (rfmon mode) and packet injection
- Gerix Wifi Cracker
- Wireshark (formerly known as Ethereal)
- BeEF (Browser Exploitation Framework)
- OWASP Mantra Security Framework, a collection of hacking tools, add-ons and scripts based on Firefox
- Cisco OCS Mass Scanner, a very reliable and fast scanner for Cisco routers with telnet and enabling of a default password.
- A large collection of exploits as well as more commonplace software such as browsers.
BackTrack arranged tools into 12 categories:
- Information gathering
- Vulnerability assessment
- Exploitation tools
- Privilege escalation
- Maintaining access
- Reverse engineering
- RFID tools
- Stress testing
- Reporting tools
|February 5, 2006||BackTrack v.1.0 Beta|
|May 26, 2006||First release of Backtrack v.1.0|
|March 6, 2007||BackTrack 2 final released.|
|June 19, 2008||BackTrack 3 final released.|
|January 9, 2010||BackTrack 4 final release. (Linux kernel 126.96.36.199)|
|May 8, 2010||BackTrack 4 R1 release|
|November 22, 2010||BackTrack 4 R2 release|
|May 10, 2011||BackTrack 5 release (Linux kernel 2.6.38)|
|August 18, 2011||BackTrack 5 R1 release (Linux kernel 188.8.131.52)|
|March 1, 2012||BackTrack 5 R2 release (Linux kernel 3.2.6)|
|August 13, 2012||BackTrack 5 R3 release|
As soon as newer versions of BackTrack are released, older versions lose their support and service from the BackTrack development team.