Back in the USSA

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For the song by KMFDM, see Boots (EP). For the song by the Beatles, see Back In the U.S.S.R..
Back in the USSA
BackInUSSA.jpg
Author Eugene Byrne &
Kim Newman
Cover artist Arnie Fenner
Country United States
Language English
Genre Alternate history
Publisher Mark V. Ziesing
Publication date
September 1997
Media type hardcover
Pages 356
ISBN ISBN 0-929480-84-8

Back in the USSA (ISBN 0-929480-84-8) is a collection of 7 short stories by Eugene Byrne and Kim Newman, which was published in 1997 by Mark V. Ziesing Books. The stories are linked through their setting, an alternate history of the twentieth century in which the United States experienced a communist revolution in 1917 and became a communist superpower, whereas Russia did not. Six of the stories first appeared in Interzone magazine, and the concluding story in the sequence, On the Road, was written especially for the collection.

Background[edit]

The stories imagine that, in 1912, Theodore Roosevelt was reelected President of the United States as the Progressive Party candidate, only to be assassinated before taking office when personally breaking a labor strike at the Chicago Union Stockyards with the Rough Riders. Following this, his vice president, Charles Foster Kane takes power, and gradually leads the United States into greater levels of oppression, class division and bureaucratic incompetence and corruption - including an earlier entry into the First World War in 1914 and the assassination of his rival candidate, Woodrow Wilson, during the 1916 election campaign.

Gradually, by 1917 the United States is unstable politically and socially, with overwhelming civil unrest stemming from the massive (and seemingly pointless) loss of American lives in the mud of the Western Front and the increasing gap between the wealthy 'robber barons' and the poor workers, and the massive corruption and exploitation this has resulted in. The Socialist Party of America led by Eugene V. Debs gains increasing support, and soon the unrest has led to outright civil war, following which Kane is ousted from the White House and a new socialist order, led by Debs, takes over.

The early idealism of this change is misplaced, however; upon Debs' death power is seized by Al Capone (an obvious parallel to Joseph Stalin, just as Debs is used to mirror the achievements of Vladimir Lenin), who proceeds to rule over the USSA with a brutal, repressive fist of iron, establishing a cult of personality around himself, exiling and executing his political rivals and ruling the country more brutally and ruthlessly (and incompetently) than any of the robber barons who were previously deposed. Gradually, following the Second World War, the Cold War between the USSA, the United Kingdom and the Russian Empire (still ruled by the Tsars, although vaguely more open and democratic than previously) and the war in Indo-China (a Vietnam War-like affair in which armies from Russia and Great Britain attempted to support a somewhat democratic regime under attack from USSA-backed Communist guerillas), the USSA begins to stagnate economically and socially, before finally collapsing into separate, bickering nations by 1991, leading to an uncertain future for both the former USSA and the rest of the world.

Stories[edit]

  • Ten Days That Shook The World: 1912–1917. A collection of ten vignettes outlining the foundation of the United Socialist States of America, from the assassination of Theodore Roosevelt and the inauguration of Charles Foster Kane in 1912, through the sinking of the Titanic and the United States entry into World War I in 1914, and the increasing corruption, class-divisions and injustice that saw the Revolution occur in 1917.
  • Tom Joad: 1937. Federal Bureau of Ideology agents Eliot Ness and Melvin Purvis travel to a shanty-town in Nevada, chasing rumours that legendary underground labor activist Tom Joad has been seen. Whilst there, they must contend with a counter-revolutionary conspiracy, the people's unshakeable belief in their hero, and Frank Nitti, Secretary Al Capone's personal enforcer, present to ensure that Joad is caught by any means necessary.
  • Teddy Bears' Picnic: 1965–1969. Bob and Terry, two working-class boys from Newcastle and lifelong best friends, enlist in the British Army to go and fight the war against communism in Indo-China. Following a brutal training regimen, the two are thrust into the brutal war in South-East Asia, where they are captured and imprisoned by the Communists. Upon their escape, Bob returns to Britain and writes a book chronicling his experiences, which later is turned into a movie — and during the making of the movie, he is forced to confront his new lifestyle and the hidden secrets from his terrible experiences that saw Terry shamed and dishonoured.
  • Citizen Ed: 1945–1984. The story of Ed Gein — Socialist Hero, local luminary, and horrific serial murderer. For over forty years, Gein and the sheriff of his local town — more than aware of Gein's monstrous perversions and murders — do battle, but the sheriff's attempts to stop Gein's evil are hampered by Party corruption and incompetence and the belief that in a perfect socialist state, a serial killer is an impossibility (this treatment was based upon the actual case of the Ukrainian serial killer Andrei Chikatilo, who was convicted of killing 53 women and children, and the efforts of detectives in the real-world Soviet Union to capture him).
  • Abdication Street: 1972. Cinzia Davidovna Bronstein is a make-up girl at a Russia's largest state-owned television station. Charles, the Duke of Cornwall, grand-nephew of King Edward VIII and heir to the throne of the United Kingdom, is in Russia to marry his bride, the spoiled daughter of Tsar Nicholas III, and Cinzia has been assigned to provide his make-up for the television coverage. Much is riding on this royal wedding, including the future of democracy in Russia — so when Cinzia and Charles fall in love, this causes no end of problems…
  • On the Road: 1998. A follow-up to 'In the Air', the USSA has split into the Confederation of Independent North American States (similar to USSR's successor, Commonwealth of Independent States), a vaguely connected series of nations riddled with institutional corruption and gangsterism. British reporter Lowe, down on his luck, has returned to the former USSA to follow Robert Maxwell's Freedom and Enterprise Roadshow as it travels Route 66, bringing capitalism, Christianity and Cliff Richard to the former USSA.

Overview[edit]

As is common with much of Newman's work, the stories feature a great deal of intertextuality, both with actual historical events (many of the stories feature events which mirror actual events that took place within the real twentieth century, in particular the 1917 Russian Revolutions and the Vietnam War) and with popular culture. The stories are significant in that they feature famous fictional characters (particularly from American and British texts) interacting with real personages; President Charles Foster Kane, for example, is the main character from Orson Welles' 1941 motion picture Citizen Kane, whereas Tom Joad — hunted by real-life law enforcers Elliot Ness and Melvin Purvis in 'Tom Joad' — is the protagonist of John Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath. Hannibal Lecter appears as the head of the Department of Health, and John Rambo helps train Vietnamese Communists. Rambo is played in a film by Raymond Massey. Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart appears as a British officer in Teddy Bears' Picnic (though Doctor Who is referred to as fiction in the same story), as do Nigel Molesworth and Basil Fotherington-Thomas.

Real-world comparisons[edit]

Individuals[edit]

Back in the USSA Individual Real-world equivalent
Theodore Roosevelt Alexander II
Father O'Shaughnessy George Gapon
Charles Foster Kane Nicholas II
Emily Kane Alexandra
Aleister Crowley Grigori Rasputin
Nick Carraway Felix Yusupov
Samuel Gompers Alexander Kerensky
John J. Pershing Alexander Kolchak
Eugene V. Debs Vladimir Lenin
Upton Sinclair Leon Trotsky
Al Capone Joseph Stalin
Cecil B. DeMille Sergei Eisenstein
Charles de Gaulle Chang Kai-shek
Frank Nitti Lavrenti Beria
Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. Al Capone
Jimmy Hoffa Vyacheslav Molotov
Jean-Luc Godard Mao Zedong
Ed Gein Andrei Chikatilo
Arthur C. Clarke L. Ron Hubbard
Sean Connery Rudolf Nureyev
Barry Goldwater Nikita Khrushchev
Innokenty Smoktunovsky John F. Kennedy
Chuck Yeager Yuri Gagarin
Ayn Rand Joseph McCarthy
Richard Nixon Leonid Brezhnev
Henry Kissinger Richard Nixon
Jimmy Carter Leonid Brezhnev
Kurt Vonnegut Mikhail Gorbachev
J. R. Ewing Boris Yeltsin
Colin Powell Mikhail Gorbachev
Nikita Khrushchev Lyndon B. Johnson
Margaret Thatcher Ronald Reagan
Bill Clinton Vladimir Putin

Events and objects[edit]

Back in the USSA item Real-world equivalent
United Socialist States of America (USSA) Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)
United States of America Russian Empire
American Republic Russian Republic
United Kingdom United States of America
The Russian Empire United Kingdom
Washington, D.C./Debs, D.C. Saint Petersburg/Leningrad
Confederation of Independent North American States Commonwealth of Independent States
Second American Revolution Russian Revolution
Second American Civil War Russian Civil War
Second Mexican–American War Polish-Soviet War
Dust Bowl Holodomor
Chicago Moscow
Republic of France (Corsica) Republic of China (Taiwan)
Texican Wall Berlin Wall
France People's Republic of China
Free French Forces Kuomintang
Alsace-Lorraine Missile Crisis Cuban Missile Crisis
Cuba Czechoslovakia
Progressives Tsarists
Socialists Bolsheviks
Telstar Sputnik 1
X-15 Vostok

Publication history[edit]

  • In the Air: Interzone #43, January 1991
  • Ten Days That Shook The World: Interzone #48, June 1991
  • Tom Joad: Interzone #65, November 1992
  • Teddy Bears' Picnic: Interzone #122-#123, August & September 1997
  • Citizen Ed: Interzone #113, November 1996
  • Abdication Street: Interzone #105, March 1996

References[edit]

External links[edit]