Red Dwarf: Back to Earth

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Red Dwarf: Back to Earth
RedDwarfBackToEarth1.jpg
Genre Sitcom
Sci-fi comedy
Created by Doug Naylor
Written by Doug Naylor
Directed by Doug Naylor
Starring Chris Barrie
Craig Charles
Danny John-Jules
Robert Llewellyn
Country of origin United Kingdom
Original language(s) English
No. of episodes 3
Production
Executive producer(s) Charles Armitage
Doug Naylor
Producer(s) Helen Norman
Running time 25 mins approx
Production company(s) Grant Naylor Productions
Distributor UK Gold Services Limited
BBC Worldwide
Broadcast
Original channel Dave
Dave HD
(Repeats)
Picture format 1080i (HDTV)
Audio format Surround
Original run 10 April 2009 (2009-04-10) – 12 April 2009 (2009-04-12)
Chronology
Preceded by Red Dwarf VIII
Followed by Red Dwarf X
Related shows Red Dwarf

Red Dwarf: Back to Earth (also referred to as Red Dwarf IX and Red Dwarf: Series IX) is a three-part TV miniseries continuation of the British science fiction sitcom Red Dwarf, broadcast on UK television channel Dave between 10 and 12 April 2009[1] and subsequently released on DVD on 15 June 2009 and on Blu-ray on 31 August 2009.[2] It was the first television outing for Red Dwarf in over ten years. The storyline involves the characters arriving back on Earth, circa 2009, only to find that they are characters in a TV show called "Red Dwarf".

Plot[edit]

"Part One" begins on Red Dwarf, nine years after the events of Series VIII. Kochanski (Chloë Annett) is dead and Holly is out of commission because Lister (Craig Charles) left a bath running in the officers' quarters for nearly nine years and the Skutters still have not finished drying him out. The crew have noted water supplies are low, and discover the cause—a giant squid in their water tank—after they go to investigate. After they barely escape the encounter with their lives, the squid proceeds to vanish, and Katerina Bartikovsky (Sophie Winkleman), a former Red Dwarf science officer, materialises. Informing Rimmer (Chris Barrie) he is to be switched off in twenty-four hours, she uses the ship's equipment to analyse the leviathan's DNA and manages to turn a mining laser into a dimension cutter, in the hope of opening up a portal so that Lister can find a mate and restart the human race.

"Part Two" begins with the discovery that the Red Dwarf crew inhabit an "invalid dimension". Zeroing in on the nearest valid reality, the portal sucks the crew to Earth in 2009, only to find that in this world, their adventures have been a fictional television show called Red Dwarf. As a result of the discovery they quickly accept that they themselves are merely fictional characters, and find a DVD of the "Back to Earth" special. They are alarmed to discover that they are to die at the end of the final part. They resolve to track down their creators and plead for more life. While on a bus, Lister meets two kids who are fans of the show and reassure Lister that, despite all of his faults, he is a heroic and cool character to them. They also share a theory about Kochanski's fate - since Kryten was the only person who actually witnessed her supposed 'death', it seems likely that Kochanski simply tired of Lister and left Red Dwarf, with Kryten telling Lister she had died to spare his feelings. Lister later confronts Kryten about this and Kryten admits that the children are correct.

In "Part Three" the crew track down actor Craig Charles on the set of Coronation Street and ask him to reveal the location of their creator. After locating him, the Creator (Richard O'Callaghan) reveals that he intends to kill the crew, having tired of them, but is himself killed by a now keen to remain alive Lister. Shortly afterwards, the crew discover that they are in a shared hallucination caused by a female relative of the despair squid that uses joy, rather than despair, to subdue victims. Kochanski appears before Lister, tempting him to remain behind, but having discovered his Kochanski may still be alive in his own reality, he chooses to wake up and return with the others. As the crew head back to their sleeping quarters, Cat (Danny John-Jules) admits that he brought the female despair squid to Red Dwarf, and they reflect on the ridiculous idea that anyone could consider them fictional characters.

Production[edit]

In August 2008, Robert Llewellyn appeared on Seattle public television station, KCTS 9. In an interview, he revealed that BBC Worldwide, in collaboration with another party, had invested in 72 minutes of new Red Dwarf to be filmed in early 2009.[3] Grant Naylor Productions announced that it had been "on the cards" since February 2008.[4] It subsequently transpired that UKTV channel Dave would screen four new 24-minute specials to celebrate the twenty-first anniversary of the show.[5] The new episodes form part of an effort by Dave to screen more original programming, instead of just repeats.[6]

It was subsequently announced in January 2009 that the new special was to be a brand new two-part story titled Red Dwarf: Back to Earth, broadcast over the Easter weekend of that year along with a "making of" documentary and a one-off entitled Red Dwarf: Unplugged, which was intended to be an improvised episode.[7] On 20 February 2009, it was announced that Red Dwarf: Back to Earth would now be a three-part special and that the "unplugged" episode had been postponed.[8] Unplugged had been described by Craig Charles as "just the four of us—and some chairs—trying to improvise, or rather trying to remember, classic scenes".[9]

"Back to Earth" itself was not filmed in front of a studio audience due to budgetary constraints. Although this was not the first time this has happened (series seven was filmed entirely without a live audience), it is the first time a laughter track is not added for broadcast. It was also the first time Red Dwarf was filmed in high definition, this time using the Red camera system. It is shot at a very high, 4K resolution.[10]

Promotion[edit]

On 13 March 2009, SFX magazine announced that they had released a limited edition of issue 181 onto the newsstands. This edition was limited to 50 nationwide and featured the cast of the Back to Earth series instead of the standard Doctor Who cover. The magazine also plays an important part in the episode itself; Dave Bradley, editor of SFX is quoted as saying, "Our cover plays a key part in the storyline."[11][12] In the show the magazine cover helped to illustrate the fact that Red Dwarf was just a television show, and it also led Lister to investigate the nature of Kochanski's disappearance after seeing an article about the actress who plays her.

Dave started a viral marketing campaign in March 2009, when www.listerscominghome.co.uk was introduced to the public. The site shows a postcard, and reveals minor details of the show to the viewer. Dave also released several videos on their site, including a mock-advertisement for the "Carbug", a modified Smart Fortwo to fit the shape and style of Starbug. On-set videos also were released, along with short teasers (under ten seconds), with some 30-second teasers as well. Cast members have also written for the Dave blog, releasing small bits of information about the shows. The viral campaign went on to win a Broadcast Digital Award for Best Use of Digital Technology.[13]

Broadcast[edit]

Red Dwarf: Back to Earth was broadcast over the Easter weekend of 2009, along with a "making of" documentary.[14][15] The episodes were televised over three nights starting on Friday, 10 April 2009. A further special, titled Red Dwarf: Unplugged, had been planned and was described by Craig Charles as "just the four of us - and some chairs – trying to improvise, or rather trying to remember, classic scenes", but this special was cancelled.[16]

Guest stars[edit]

Red Dwarf: Back to Earth featured the following guest actors:[17]

Actor/Actress Episode(s) Character
Sophie Winkleman Part One, Part Two Katerina Bartikovsky
Chloë Annett Part Three Kristine Kochanski
Richard O'Callaghan Part Three Creator
Jeremy Swift Part Two Noddy
Simon Gregson Part Three Himself
Michelle Keegan Part Three Herself
Richard Woo Part Two Swallow
Charlie Kenyon Part Two Boy On The Bus
Nina Southworth Part Two Girl On The Bus
Tom Andrews Part Two Salesman
Karen Admiraal Part Two Woman
Jon Glover Part Two Man
Julian Ryder Part Two Bus Driver

Reception[edit]

According to Red Dwarf's official website, 4 million people watched Part One over the 4-day Easter weekend.[18] Part Two attracted an audience of 3 million[18] whilst Part Three earned a rating of just over 2.9 million.[18] The Making of Back To Earth was watched by 1.5 million people.[19][20][21][22] The broadcasts received record ratings for Freeview channel Dave;[23] the first of the three episodes represented the UK's highest ever viewing figures for a commissioned programme on a digital network.[24]

It has been noted that the final episode in particular is heavily influenced by Blade Runner, "the film that inspired series creators Rob Grant and Doug Naylor to put pen to paper in the first place," though questions have been raised over the artistic success of this homage.[25][26]

Channel head Steve North reported some months after the event that the Dave network was "delighted with how the new shows have gone" and responded coyly to rumours that a new series had been commissioned.[27] In June 2010, Craig Charles and Chris Barrie confirmed plans to produce further series.[28][29] In April 2011, a six-episode series X to be broadcast in October 2012, was officially announced;[30] principal photography for the series took place in December 2011 and January 2012.[31]

DVD release[edit]

The cover art for the Back to Earth DVD.

Back to Earth was released on DVD on 15 June 2009. The cover of the DVD is a replica of the one featured in part 2 of the specials, with a few cosmetic changes, such as replacing "Coming Soon" with "Director's Cut" and the addition of the plot synopsis read by Lister, which was absent on the prop.[32] There are two methods of viewing the specials, the broadcast episodes as shown on Dave, and a new "Director's cut" in which all three episodes have been edited together into a single feature length programme, with a few lines of dialogue trimmed, such as Rimmer's bemoaning it being a three-parter, but no extra scenes or dialogue were added with the exception of "The End" being typed on a typewriter following extended end credits. There is also a Smeg Ups compilation (outtakes) and featurettes, including the broadcast "making of", and a new-to-DVD Part Two, which is nearly twice the length of the first.[33][34][35]

Continuing the metafictional theme of the storyline, during one scene Lister is shown reading the back of the DVD case for Back to Earth—what he reads is similar to what is printed on the real-life DVD case, and the two-disc clamshell is formatted the same way (although the inner labels are different).

A Blu-ray Disc version was released on 31 August 2009, containing the same material as the DVD but all in 1080i except for a few features (it was encoded in 1080i rather than 1080p to preserve the original play-speed of the broadcast and DVD version)[36] followed by a US DVD & Blu-ray release on 6 October 2009.[37]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Back To Earth: The Trilogy
  2. ^ "Dave Episodes' DVD Date Revealed". Retrieved 2009-02-20. 
  3. ^ Parker, Robin (2008-08-27). "Red Dwarf rumoured to return". Broadcast Now (EMAP). Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  4. ^ Ellard, Andrew (2008-08-01). "KCTS Gets Anniversarial". www.reddwarf.co.uk. Grant Naylor Productions. Retrieved 2008-08-28. 
  5. ^ Thompson, Jody (2008-08-28). "Exclusive: Amy Winehouse, Big Brother & more in Mirror.co.uk's Thursday gossip round-up". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 2008-08-28. 
  6. ^ Holmwood, Leigh (2008-09-17). "Dave to feature John Cleese, Johnny Vaughan and new Red Dwarf". guardian.co.uk (London: Guardian News and Media). Retrieved 2008-09-17. 
  7. ^ "Red Dwarf to return in new series". The Daily Telegraph (London). 2008-09-26. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  8. ^ "Back To Earth: The Trilogy". Retrieved 2009-02-20. 
  9. ^ Whose Dwarf Is It Anyway? | Ganymede & Titan. Ganymede.tv. Retrieved 2009-02-13.
  10. ^ "Red-Through: A high-definition start to the new Dwarf production.". Retrieved 2009-02-13. 
  11. ^ Red Dwarf: Back to Earth. "SFX Magazine's 'Golden Cover' Promotion | News". Red Dwarf. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  12. ^ "the leading science fiction, fantasy and horror magazine". SFX. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  13. ^ "Red Dwarf Wins Broadcast Award". Official Red Dwarf Website. 2010-06-18. Retrieved 2010-09-12. 
  14. ^ "Red Dwarf to return in new series". The Daily Telegraph (London). 2008-09-26. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  15. ^ "Back To Earth: The Trilogy". Retrieved 2009-02-20. 
  16. ^ Whose Dwarf Is It Anyway? | Ganymede & Titan. Ganymede.tv. Retrieved 2009-02-13.
  17. ^ Red Dwarf: Back To Earth at www.reddwarf.co.uk
  18. ^ a b c "Back To Earth Natterings". 
  19. ^ "TV Review: Red Dwarf: Back to Earth (Part 2), Dave, Saturday 11 April, 9pm". TV Scoop. 12/04/09. Retrieved 2009-04-15. 
  20. ^ "TV Red Dwarf: Back to Earth". Total Sci-Fi. 14/04/09. Retrieved 2010-10-29. 
  21. ^ "TV review: Red Dwarf: Back to Earth". Liverpool Confidential. 14/04/09. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  22. ^ "Red Dwarf: Back to Earth review". Den of Geek. 17/04/09. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  23. ^ Holmwood, Leigh (14 April 2009). "Multichannel TV ratings - 10-12 April - TV ratings: Red Dwarf brings Dave record audience". Guardian.co.uk. Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  24. ^ "Back To Earth Ratings". reddwarf.co.uk. 17 April 2009. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  25. ^ "'Red Dwarf: Back To Earth' - This Weekend's Essential Viewing". NME. 09/04/09. Retrieved 2009-04-15. 
  26. ^ "TV Review: Red Dwarf: Back to Earth (Part 3), Dave, Sunday 12 April, 9pm". TV Scoop. 13/04/09. Retrieved 2009-04-15. 
  27. ^ Red Dwarf Series V. "How Happy Are Dave? | News". Red Dwarf. Retrieved 2010-07-02. 
  28. ^ "Radio 2 Programmes - Janice Long". BBC. Retrieved 2010-07-02. 
  29. ^ 7 June 2010, 16:32 BST (2010-06-07). "Cult - News - Barrie, Charles confirm new 'Red Dwarf'". Digital Spy. Retrieved 2010-07-02. 
  30. ^ http://www.reddwarf.co.uk/news/2011/04/15/new-series-of-red-dwarf-confirmed
  31. ^ http://www.reddwarf.co.uk/news/2011/12/16/shooting-starts/
  32. ^ Red Dwarf: Back to Earth (2009-04-24). "Back To Earth DVD Cover Art | News". Red Dwarf. Retrieved 2009-05-17. 
  33. ^ Red Dwarf: Back to Earth (2009-04-24). "We're Making The DVD Now | News". Red Dwarf. Retrieved 2009-05-17. 
  34. ^ Red Dwarf: Back to Earth. "Back To Earth Unseen Material | News". Red Dwarf. Retrieved 2009-05-17. 
  35. ^ Red Dwarf: Back to Earth. "Content Confirmed | News". Red Dwarf. Retrieved 2009-05-29. 
  36. ^ Red Dwarf: Back to Earth. "Blu-ray In The UK | News". Red Dwarf. Retrieved 2009-07-28. 
  37. ^ Red Dwarf: Back to Earth. "American Date Set For DVD And Blu-ray | News". Red Dwarf. Retrieved 2009-07-28. 

External links[edit]