Background, foreground, sideground and postground intellectual property
In the context of research and development (R&D) collaborations, background, foreground, sideground and postground intellectual property (IP) are four distinct forms of intellectual property assets. "Background IP" is generated before the R&D collaboration, "foreground IP" is generated during the R&D collaboration, "postground IP" is generated in a certain time span after the collaboration, and "sideground IP" is generated during the collaboration phase but in not-project related activities.
- Gresse, Christopher; Gredel, Daniel. "Collaborative R&D in New Materials Innovation – Challenges for the Management of Knowledge and Appropriability". DRUID-DIME Academy Winter 2008 PhD Conference on Economics and Management of Innovation and Organizational Change. p. 14. Retrieved 14 January 2013. "Bader (2006) distinguishes four forms of IP: background, foreground, sideground and postground IP."
- Wilkof, Neil (7 June 2010). "Background, Foreground and Sideground IP; Whence, What and Why?". IPKat. Retrieved 14 January 2013.
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