||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (March 2013)|
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (February 2009)|
|Subdivisions||Kernstadt und 5 Stadtteile|
|• Lord Mayor||Frank Nopper (CDU)|
|• Total||39.37 km2 (15.20 sq mi)|
|Elevation||271 m (889 ft)|
|• Density||880/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Vehicle registration||WN, BK|
Backnang ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a town in Germany in the Bundesland of Baden-Württemberg, roughly 30 kilometres (19 miles) northeast of Stuttgart. Its population has increased greatly over the past century, from 7,650 in 1900 to 35,761 in 2005.
Backnang was ceded to Württemberg by the Baden (Zähringer family) in 1325. Backnang has been known as Gerberstadt due to several tanneries and leather factories, and wool and cloth mills that dominated Backnang's industries. Today, all of these have vanished and, instead, telecommunication companies like Ericsson (formerly AEG, Telefunken, ANT Nachrichtentechnik, Bosch and Marconi) and Tesat-Spacecom dominate the town's industries. The Stiftskirche, formerly the church of Backnang Abbey, dates back to the 12th century.
Backnang's cultural highlight is the annual Strassenfest during the last weekend in June. It has been founded as a street festival where local sports and cultural clubs offered drinks and foods. The traditional opening of the Strassenfest is marked with cannon shots from the picturesque city tower at 6 p.m. on Friday and ends with the Zapfenstreich on the following Monday at 11 p.m. The Strassenfest tends to attract more than 100,000 spectators.
Another cultural highlight in Backnang is the annual Murr-Regatta organized by the Jugendzentrum (youth center). It is generally held two weeks after the street festival. The Regatta is a race down the river Murr in self-made boats. Besides the prize for the fastest boat, an environmental prize is awarded to the crew that collects the most rubbish along the way, an originality prize is given to the most creative crew, and a drunkenness prize to the most inebriated crew.
The local Jugendzentrum (youth center) is remarkable as it has been independently self-administered by Backnang's youth and young adults for more than 30 years. It hosts numerous concerts and contributes events to the cultural life of Backnang.
Backnang's twin towns include:
People from Backnang
- Andreas Hinkel, SC Freiburg and Germany footballer.
- Ralf Rangnick, football manager
- Ferdinand Schneider, Chemist
- Julian Schieber, Borussia Dortmund, Germany footballer.
- http://www.backnang.de - Official homepage
- http://www.traumzeit-theater.de/TraumZeit-Theater-KalanagMuseum.htm - Kalanag Museum
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Backnang". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Backnang.|
- [Statistisches Bundesamt – Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012 (XLS-Datei; 4,0 MB) (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011) "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012"]. Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 12 November 2013.
- "Chelmsford Town Twinning Association". Retrieved 2013-07-14.
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