|This article does not cite any references or sources. (April 2011)|
Backup software are computer programs used to perform backup; they create supplementary exact copies of files, databases or entire computers. These programs may later use the supplementary copies to restore the original contents in the event of data loss.
There are several features of backup software that make it more effective in backing up data.
Voluming allows the ability to compress and split backup data into separate parts for storage on smaller, removable media such as CDs. It was often used because CDs were easy to transport off-site and inexpensive compared to hard drives or servers.
However, the recent increase in hard drive capacity and decrease in drive cost has made voluming a far less popular solution. The introduction of small, portable, durable USB drives, and the increase in broadband capacity has provided easier and more secure methods of transporting backup data off-site.
Several factors have contributed to a surge in the use of remote or offsite backup of data to geographically distant sites.
- The rapid growth of data and its importance to business.
- The rapid adoption of high-speed broadband internet.
- The falling price of disk drive technology.
- The rise of risks such as hackers, natural disasters, fires, damage by power outages, malware attacks, terrorist attacks, hardware failure.
These structural changes present opportunities for young startups, which are serving this growing market with next-generation backup technologies that automatically back up data to offsite data centers (sometimes called vaults) via the Internet. Many banks, stock exchanges, and other large institutions often do this to ensure data integrity.
Access to open files
Many backup solutions offer a plug-in for access to exclusive, in use, and locked files.
Differential and incremental backups
Backup solutions generally support differential backups and incremental backups in addition to full backups, so only material that is newer or changed compared to the backed up data is actually backed up. The effect of these is to increase significantly the speed of the backup process as well as to decrease the data restoration time should a disaster occur.
Backup schedules are usually supported to reduce maintenance of the backup tool and increase the reliability of the backups.
To prevent data theft, some backup software offers cryptography features to protect the backup.
To prevent loss of previously backed up data during a backup, some backup software (e.g. Areca Backup, Argentum Backup) offer Transaction mechanism (with commit / rollback management) for all critical processes (such as backups or merges) to guarantee the backups' integrity.