(From Left to Right): Sorsogon City Baywalk at Night, Sts. Peter and Paul Cathedral, Sorsogon City Hall and Park, Pepita Park, Centro Department Store, Sorsogon City Grand Terminal, Bacon Beach
|Nickname(s): Gateway to Southern Philippines|
|Motto: Mauswag na Ciudad, Malinig na Lugar! (Progressive City, Clean City!)|
Map of Sorsogon showing the location of Sorsogon City
|Region||Bicol (Region V)|
|Legislative district||1st district of Sorsogon|
|Founded||February 28, 1895|
|Cityhood||August 16, 2000|
|• Mayor||Sally A. Lee|
|• Vice Mayor||Charo D. Logronio|
|• Total||276.11 km2 (106.61 sq mi)|
|• Density||560/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PHT (UTC+8)|
|Income class||3rd class city; partially urban|
Sorsogon City (Bikol: Ciudad nin Sorsogon, Filipino: Lungsod ng Sorsogon), is a third class city in Sorsogon, Philippines. It is the capital city of the province of Sorsogon, located on the Bicol Peninsula at southern tip of Luzon. This city was formed by merging the Bacon and Sorsogon towns. It also administers the islands of Sablayan and Bagatao located at the mouth of Sorsogon Bay adjacent to the town of Magallanes. . The city serves a trans-shipment point from the Visayas and Mindanao provinces. The city is also dubbed as "Gateway to Southern Philippines". Sorsogon City is one of the region’s leading cities in urbanization, and Bicol's largest city in terms of land area.
According to the 2010 census, the city has a population of 155,144 people, spread across 64 barangays. It is the third most populous city in the Bicol Region behind Legazpi City (182,201) and Naga City (174,931).
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Culture
- 7 Places of interest
- 8 Infrastructure
- 9 Education
- 10 Media
- 11 Notable people from Sorsogon City
- 12 Sister cities
- 13 Gallery
- 14 References
- 15 External links
Sorsogon comes from a word "solsogon". When the Spaniards had settled in Gibalong, they set out to further explore the inner lands. Upon reaching a small river emptying into what is now Sorsogon Bay, they asked a native they met for the name of the place. The native, not understanding Spanish and thinking they were asking for directions, answered, "Solsogon" meaning "trace the river by going upstream". Through constant use, Solsogon became Sorsogon.
With the coming of the Spanish colonizers in the 1600s, Bacon was organized into a visita of the town of Casiguran, one of the oldest settlements in Luzon. The municipality of Sorsogon, whose original Site was in Sitio Pocdol in Capuy, was in turn, a visita of Bacon. As its population increased, however, Sorsogon was declared an independent, full-fledged parish in 1628.
The Pueblo Civil de Bacon was established in 1754, with Juan Elias as its first gobernadorcillo. Sorsogon on the other hand, became an independent political unit in 1864.
From their organization as visitas and eventually as independent pueblos, both Bacon and Sorsogon remained under the territorial jurisdiction of the province of Albay. On October 17, 1894, the Spanish authorities organized a geographical unit independent from Albay, with the town of Sorsogon as its seat of government. The new province adopted the name of the town and has since been known as the Province of Sorsogon.
Sorsogon City was created by virtue of Republic Act 8806 which was enacted on August 16, 2000, and ratified in December 2000.
Prominent politicians of the locality behind its creation were former Sorsogon 1st District Representative and now Senator Francis Escudero and former Bacon Municipal Mayor Leovic R. Dioneda. Former Bacon Vice-Mayor Aurelio Destacamento, joined by former Sorsogon councilors Antonio C. Detera, Azel Diesta and Telo Mella fought before the two local legislative chambers, for the approval of appropriation ordinances providing budget for the holding of its plebiscite.
Prior to its ratification, a petition to declare RA 8806 null and void was filed by lawyer Atty. Gil Gojol. Because Bacon municipality was enjoined as one of the respondents in said petition, a young practicing lawyer from Buenavista, Bacon District, in the name of Atty. Glenn Olbes, defended its constitutionality. The legal battle for its constitutionality was upheld later on by a majority decision of the Sorsoguenos who desire for the development of the newly created local government unit.
Opponents for its ratification were incumbent Governor Raul R. Lee and his wife, Sally Ante Lee who became its first contested City Mayor.
The merged municipalities of Bacon and Sorsogon which created the city have their own long histories from Pre-Hispanic Era to present.
Sorsogon City covers a land area of 31,292 hectares (120.82 sq mi). It is located at the southernmost tip of the Bicol Peninsula and of Luzon Island. The city is bounded by the municipality of Casiguran and Sorsogon Bay, on the west by the municipality of Castilla, on the northeast by the municipality of Manito in Albay, and on the north by Albay Gulf. It is characterized by an irregular topography; mountain ranges on the northwest, sloping uplands on the central part of the city, plain areas south western and central north and southeast portion, and marshlands on the southeast deltas. It is also surrounded by water, with Sorsogon Bay to the west and Albay Gulf to the east.
Upon its creation through the merging of Sorsogon and Bacon municipalities, Sorsogon City is divided in two districts. Sorsogon City is composed of 64 barangays, with 37 barangays in Sorsogon district and 27 barangays in Bacon district.
Sorsogon City features a tropical rainforest climate with copious amount of rainfall throughout the course of the year.. there is no pronounced dry season but it has very pronounced maximum rain from November to January with December as the wettest month of the year; it experience 23 days of rain. Temperature is constant throughout the year. Sorsogon City's average yearly rainfall is just over 2,671 mm (105.2 in). April is the driest month of the year which only sees 12 rain days and 2,671 mm (105.2 in) of rainfall. Average High temperature is at 38.08 °C (100.5 °F) and its Average Low temperature is at 24.5 °C (76.1 °F). The coolest month is January with a daily mean of 25.5 °C (77.9 °F) and the hottest months are jointly April and May with a daily mean of 28 °C (82.4 °F).
|Climate data for Sorsogon City, Sorsogon|
|Record high °C (°F)||35
|Average high °C (°F)||31
|Average low °C (°F)||23
|Record low °C (°F)||15
|Precipitation mm (inches)||293
|Avg. rainy days||21||15||15||12||13||14||17||16||17||18||21||23||202|
|Source #1: http://www.myweather2.com/City-Town/Philippines/Sorsogon/climate-profile.aspx|
|Source #2: http://www.worldweatheronline.com/Sorsogon-weather-averages/Sorsogon/PH.aspx|
|Population census of Sorsogon City|
|Census numbers up to 2000 exclude population of Bacon.
Source: National Statistics Office
|Population census of Bacon|
|Bacon ceased to exist as a separate municipality in 2000.
Source: National Statistics Office
- Religion – 95% Roman Catholic
- Labor Force – 56% of the total population, 1/4 of the over-15 years old is, at least, high-school graduate, 15% of the total workforce have college-level education
- Population Growth Rate – 2.15% (1995–2000)
- Voting Age Population – 58,235
- Projected Population in 2012 – 173,878
The city is the ecclesiastical seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Sorsogon. it is lso the dominant religion in the city with 95% of the population, a Roman Catholic. This dominant faith is supported by the presence of different institutions and churches; The Sts. Peter and Paul Cathedral is located in the center of the city perhaps the most distinguishable landmark in the city. It is the seat of the Parish of Sts. Peter and Paul and of the Diocese of Sorsogon. and its towers dominate the city's skyline. Other churches include the Our Lady of Fatima Church and the Bacon Church in the Bacon district. The Our Lady of Penafrancia Seminary school for clergy is also located in Barangay Bibincahan, East district. Monasteries and retreat houses are also located in the city like the Poor Claire Monastery and the El Retiro Retreat House. Other religious institute like St. Louise de Marillac College of Sorsogon- the first catholic school in the province of Sorsogon built in 1937 is located in Barangay Talisay. It is a sister school of Universidad de Sta. Isabel in Naga City and is run by the Daughters of Charity.
Other Christian organizations are represented by Iglesia ni Cristo (INC) whose imposing church is a landmark along Barangay Balogo. Also having considerable number of members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints whose church is located also along Barangay Balogo.
As of 2006, Sorsogon City ranked third among the cities with most revenue in the Bicol region with an estimated annual income of P349,656,671, only behind Naga City and Legazpi City. Despite being a city and its increasing annual income, agriculture and fisheries sector is still the driving force of its economy. The main agricultural products include rice, coconut, abaca, pili nuts, root crops and vegetables.
Peter Paul Philippine Corporation who produces different Coconut products has set up a factory in the city. Sorsogon City, as the capital town of the province of Sorsogon, is a hub of trade and commerce. Its strategic location has given rise to a busy commercial district composed of local businesses and franchises of national and regional business chain. Business is concentrated in the downtown area near the public market and major commercial establishments primarily geared towards retail and wholesale and the Bacon District is the secondary business district of the City.
An Economic Zone has been identified in the northeast part of the City. It covers the barangays of Buhatan, Cabid-an and Bibincahan. Within the Economic Zone and along the diversion road, a 50-hectare agro-industrial zone is being proposed and targeted. The area can accommodate the food terminal, warehouses, storage facilities and light industries.
The Bay City Sorsogon, that is currently being built at the coast of Barangay Balogo will definitely have a huge impact on the economic growth of the city. It is a priority project of LKY Development Corporation, a privately owned real estate company. The Bay City Sorsogon includes a Commercial Complex, Five Star Hotel, Coliseum, Outdoor Dining Area, a Central Bus Terminal and a lot more. The excavation of this 16-hectare property just started during the last quarter of 2010 and the completion is expected by the 3rd quarter of 2011.
Banking and finance
Sorsogon City host the most of the banks of the province. As of 2014, Sorsogon City has 17 banks. There are also five (5) insurance companies and twenty-eight (28) lending/financing /pawnshop. Local lending investors are also available that caters to the local businessmen.
- Pili Festival
- The Pili Festival honors the patron saints of Sorsogon City, Sts. Peter and Paul. The Pili tree (and nut) is indigenous to the province and is known for its various practical and nutritional applications. The fiesta’s big attraction is the street dance in which beautifully costumed dancers depict the many uses of the tree. Celebrations also include cooking competitions, fireworks displays, and even a nut cracking session along the road by the locals.Pili festival happens on the month of June.
- Sosogon Festival
- The Sosogon Festival commemorates the founding of the cityhood of Sorsogon. It showcases and highlights the history of the City and likewise focuses on Pili, being its indigenous crop.and its importance in the local economy. Various activities are lined up to drumbeat the affair. Sosogon Festival happens on the month of December.
- Kasanggayahan Festival
- The festival, celebrated in the whole province in the last week of October, commemorates the founding of Sorsogon as a province. Festivities include a series of cultural, historical, religious, agro-industrial and economic activities, showcasing the province’s abundant agricultural products, particularly food and decorative items.
- Though a provincial event, most of the festivities during the Kasanggayahan Festival including the "Pantomina sa Tinampo", street dances and others are conducted in the city since this is the provincial capital of Sorsogon and the seat of the province is located in the city.
- Barangay Fiestas
- Sorsogueños are very religious and fun-loving. Being mostly Roman Catholics, they are active in every festivity celebrated throughout the year. Like any other Filipino ethnolinguistic groups, each barangay honors their patron saint with a celebration on its feast day.
Food and delicacies
Sorsogon is a town famous for coconut based Bicol cuisine. Laing or Gulay Na Gabi in its dialect, is a famous dish that have delighted Filipinos and foreigners to the extent of their Bicol dining experience. It is a kind of vegetable called Taro leaves cooked in coconut-cream and mixed with variety of chillies. Another popular dish immensely flavored with chilli and cooked in coconut milk is called Bicol express. It is present in most restaurants of Bicol but for Sorsogenos, it is just a daily energizing food. Other dishes are Langka or jackfruit, a local fruit called Santol, or even the banana blossoms are simple ingredients usually prepared in coconut cream but when cooked the Bicolano way, turns out an exciting tasteful cuisine.
Places of interest
Churches, monasteries and religious attractions
- Sts. Peter and Paul Cathedral
- Our Lady of Fatima Church
- Poor Claire Monastery
- El Retiro Church and Retreat House
- Our Lady of Peñafrancia Seminary
- Paroja Hill and Grotto – across Pepita Park
- Bato Limestone Cave
- Bucalbucalan Spring – Natural cold spring located in Brgy. Bucalbucalan, a coastal barangay near Pepita Park and Rest Area.
- Danao Lake
- Paguriran Island and Lagoon- Located in Bacon district.
- PNOC/EDC EcoPark- Sorsogon City
- Tolongapo Beach – located in Bacon district
- Danao Lake – this is located in Bacon District, near Brgy. San Juan. However, it's also accessible by foot from the side of Brgy. Guinlajon.
- Alburo Spring Resort
- Bacon Beach Resort and Dive Center
- La Vista Resort
- Paradise Resort
- Sirangan Beach Resort
- Suhi Springs
- Tolong Gapo Beach Resort- Located at Bacon District
- Sorsogon Provincial Museum and Heritage Center – located in the old Sorsogon Provincial Hospital. It has 3 galleries, with a library, containing large collection of old Mr & Ms magazines.
- Pepita Park and Rest Area – traveler's area, approx. 10 km north of city proper
- Sorsogon Bay Walk (also known as Rompeolas)
- Sorsogon Provincial Capitol and Rizal Park – located in city proper. The provincial capitol dated back during the American occupation.
- Sorsogon City Capitol & Park
- Beaches of Bacon
The proposed Sorsogon Business and Leisure Park is a 20 hectare reclamation area linking the 3-hectare Pinaculan Island to the Sorsogon Pier in Sorsogon Bay, forming part of the expansion area of the Sorsogon City's central business district. The area shall have a rock causeway and seawall, complete with wide and well-paved roads, underground electrical and telephone systems and water supply. Low, medium and high density zones shall be identified for business establishments, plants and factories, including a central park.
This is located in Barangay Bucal-Bucalan along the national highway, about 15–20 minutes away by car from the center of the City. Already in place is a small rest area for travelers, complete with a mini-park and a small canteen with a view deck. The proposed development of the area involves the construction of a seafood trading and rest facility, complete with seafood stalls, bayside restaurants and cafes, and adequate parking space. The food stalls and restaurants will specialize in fresh blue crabs which Sorsogon is known for. Customers can have their pick of crabs and other seafood from the stalls and have them cooked at the adjacent restaurants or open air grill shops.
There are three options to get to Sorsogon City, they are via plane and via land. If it is coming from the southern part of the Philippines though, an option is to ride a ferry.
- By land
Sorsogon City can be reached by land transport from Manila by bus or by private vehicle, taking about 12 hours.
- By air
Air transport going to the City is available via 45-minute Philippine Airlines, Cebu Pacific, and Zest Air flights which lands at Legazpi City Airport. From the airport, 1 to 1 1⁄2 hours travel time to Sorsogon City by land via private utility vehicles and FX vans or buses.
- By sea
the port of Sorsogon, has a 664m causeway and reinforced concrete pier. Incoming cargoes like cement, plywood and beer comes from Manila and Cebu. The port is also used by motorized bancas ferrying passengers and goods to and from neighboring towns. Bacon District on the other hand, has two (2) ports, the Poblacion Port and Banao Port.
- Transportation within the city
Tricycle and jeepneys are the primary modes of transportation within the city while outlaying coastal barangays (Osiao and Sto. Niño) can be reached via motorized banca. Jeepneys are the mode of transportation when going to Bacon district and for those who need to go outside of Sorsogon’s perimeter such as going to the second district municipalities or even Legazpi City. Buses bound for Legazpi or Manila and Jeepneys bound for other municipalities in the second district are located in the Central business district and in the Sorsogon City Grand Terminal.
The city has modern and efficient communication facilities which include landline telephones and cellular mobile phone. Digitel and Bayantel makes long-distance and domestic landline telephone communication possible while Smart Communications, Globe Telecommunications and Sun Cellular Network provide mobile phone services. There are also Five (5) internet service providers offering dial-up connections and 3G services. Connecting through these five (5) providers are thirteen internet cafes that cater to the public.
For the broadcast media the city have three (3) AM Radio stations, seven (7) FM Radio Stations, two (2) local broadcast television stations. Cable TV is also available with DCTV cable and ESTV cable providing the services.
For mail services, the Philippine Postal Corporation (Sorsogon City Post Office) provides domestic, international and other mail services and four (4) private messengerial and courier service companies which include JRS express, LBC, Mail and More Business Services, Incorporated, and Air21 express. Pawnshops also make use for local and international money transfer.
For newspaper and periodicals, Two (2) national and five (5) local newspapers both in English and Filipino circulate in the city along with local newsletters and magazine printed in the City by the City Government and other entities.
- Sorsogon Lawn Tennis Club- The Tennis Court is located in the Sorsogon Provincial Capitol Complex
- Sorsogon Provincial Gymnasium- also located in the Sorsogon Provincial Capitol Complex
- Xtrim Badminton Court
The primary medical care of the city is provided by the City Health Office, which focuses on providing quality, cost effective, preventive, promotive and curative health care services to the people of Sorsogon City. To ensure that the health programs and activities filter down to the barangays the CHO branched out into three District Health Offices manned by physicians with adequate but non-complementing manpower. Each district health office has several barangay health stations to supervise administratively and technically. These three district health offices are “Sentrong Sigla,” OPB and TB DOTS certified. Of the three DHOs, only Bacon district is MCP certified. The two districts are in the process of meeting requirements for the package.
The city has some health initiatives such as the Reproductive Tract Health Clinic (RTHC), which ensures public safety on sexually transmitted infections; Animal Bite Treatment Center (ABTC), which provides anti-rabies vaccination; Teen Center, which provides counselling and area for teen agers; Birthing Facility, which provides supplementary health service to mothers including attendance to normal deliveries, referrals of complicated cases, promotion of breastfeeding and family planning counselling.
The main hospitals located in the city are the following:
- Dr. Fernando B. Duran Sr. Memorial Hospital
- Sts. Peter and Paul Hospital
- Sorsogon Medical Mission Group Hospital & Health Services Cooperative
- St. Therese of The Child Jesus Hospital Incorporated
Public safety statistics:
- 88 PNP personnel
- 20 traffic aides and barangay traffic aides
- Minimum 8 inmates a month
- 19 firefighters
- 2 fire trucks and equipment
- 2 Fil-Chi fire trucks and 20 fire volunteers
- Disaster preparedness – CDCC, BDCC, Sorsogon Emergency Rescue Team
All barangays are served by public elementary schools (some private elementary schools are located in poblacion).
- School Year 2002–2003 enrollment was 23,823
- Number of schools – 72
- Sorsogon East Central School (SECS) – founded in 1917 during the early American occupation – formerly known as Sorsogon Central School. The pilot school in Bicol Region of the DepED's Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE) project and a recipient of the DepEd's Special Science Elementary Schools (SSES) Project. This Central School is now APPES Level 1 Accredited by the DepEd and got a Standard Level 1(100%) Rating (the only elementary school in Sorsogon City) during the Regional Evaluation on SBM Practices.
- Sorsogon Pilot Elementary School (SPES)
- First Baptist Christian Academy (FBCA)
- Adventist Learning Center (ALC)
- Agape Formation & Educ'l Center Found. Inc.
- Bellgate's Learning Center, Inc.
- Family Service Center
- Galver Institute of Science and Technology
- Maple School of Sorsogon Found. Inc.
- Mother Mary Montessori School of Sorsogon, Inc.
- Queenship of Mary Learning Center
- Very Important Preschoolers (VIP) Learning Center - Rizal Street, Talisay
11 private, 9 public high schools
- School Year 2002–2003 enrollment was 11,570
- Sorsogon National High School
- First Baptist Christian Academy
- AMA Computer Learning Center
- Sorsogon State College
- Bicol Merchant Marine College
- Computer Communication Development Institute – the pilot college of the Ladderized Education Program in the province of Sorsogon
- Annunciation College of Sorsogon
- Our Lady of Penafrancia Major Seminary
- Saint Louise de Marillac College of Sorsogon (formerly Colegio de la Milagrosa)
- Saint Peter & Paul Technical Institute
- Sorsogon College of Criminology, Inc
- Sorsogon Community College School of Midwifery
- Speed Computer College Inc.
- The Lewis College
- Aemilianum College Inc.
- Sorsogon Chiang Kai Shek School
- WRI Computer College, Inc.
- Asian College of Science and Technology (ACSAT)-Sorsogon Campus
Online News Service:
- BicolTV Sorsogon Channel 9
- Serbisyo TV Sorsogon Channel 3
- Aemilianum TV (AITV): Channel 5
- GMA TV Channel 2
- DWCB-TV: Channel 11
- DZSC-TV ABS-CBN : Channel 7
- ABC (TV5): Channel 11
- DZMS – 1251 Sorsogon (PBN Broadcasting Network)
- DZZH – 1287 Sorsogon (Manila Broadcasting Company)
- DZRS – 1263 Sorsogon (Radio Mindanao Network)
- DWSG – 91.9 "Radyo Natin" FM Sorsogon
- DW – 92.7 WoW Smile Radio
- DWAM – 94.3 Aemilianum Broadcasting Network
- DW – 95.1 Radyo Kasanggayahan Community Radio
- DWLH – 101.5 Hypersonic Broadcasting Center "Wave 101.5"
- DZGN – 102.3 Spirit FM Sorsogon
- DWOL – 103.9 Our Lady's Foundation "Padaba FM"
Notable people from Sorsogon City
- Eddie Garcia – Film actor and director
- Eugenia Apostol (sister of former Sorsogon Mayor Duran) – one of the founders of Philippine Daily Inquirer
- Francis "Chiz" G. Escudero – former congressman, and now senator of the 15th Congress
- Jorge Barlin – First Filipino and Bikolano Bishop and was assigned parish priest and Vicar Forane of Sorsogon from 1887 to 1906
- Loida Nicolas-Lewis – Born and raised in Sorsogon. Lewis is the Chairwoman and Chief Executive Officer of TLC Beatrice, LLC, the Lewis Family investment firm and is also Chairman and CEO of TLC Beatrice (China), Limited, a Cayman company which operates retail convenience stores in five major cities in China and TLC Beatrice Foods (Philippines) which operates a fresh meat processing plant.
- Mary Walter – actress, whose career spanned through several decades. She was born in Bacon.
- Salvador Escudero Sr. – former Provincial Governor of Sorsogon and was a guerilla leader during the Japanese occupation. He was fondly called Gurang (old man in Bikol) by the local folks. Sorsogon's PNP Provincial Office along Magsaysay St., Sorsogon City, is named after him.
- Vicente L. Peralta – late congressman of Sorsogon City. A hospital in Castilla was named after him.
- "Cities". Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 19 February 2013.
- "Province: Sorsogon". PSGC Interactive. Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 19 February 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 19 February 2013.
- "Province of Sorsogon". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 25 July 2013.
- Comprehensive Land Use Plan 2003–2012, Summary (Briefing Material), Sectoral Consultation, Vicanta Hall, Sorsogon City, November 27, 2003
- 15th Congress http://www.senate.gov.ph/senators/sen15th.asp
- page 32, Tracing from Solsogon to Sorsogon, 2nd Edition (2007), ISBN 978-971-814-099-4
- Mary Walter from Bacon
- page 85, Tracing – from Solsogon to Sorsogon 2nd Ed., Reynaldo T. Jamoralin, Sorsogon City 2007
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sorsogon City.|
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information
- Local Governance Performance Management System
- DILG Regional Office No. 5 (Bicol Region)
- Region V Local Government Units
- DILG Region V's list of provincial offices
- Sorsogon Tourism
||Manito, Albay||Rapu-Rapu, Albay