Bacoor

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Bacoor
Component City
City of Bacoor
Lungsod ng Bacoor
Aerial view of Bacoor with SM City Bacoor in the foreground
Aerial view of Bacoor with SM City Bacoor in the foreground
Official seal of Bacoor
Seal
Nickname(s):
Cavite's Gateway to the Metropolis
Marching Band Capital of the Philippines
City of Transformation
Map of Cavite showing the location of Bacoor
Map of Cavite showing the location of Bacoor
Bacoor is located in Philippines
Bacoor
Bacoor
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°27′N 120°57′E / 14.450°N 120.950°E / 14.450; 120.950Coordinates: 14°27′N 120°57′E / 14.450°N 120.950°E / 14.450; 120.950
Country Philippines
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Province Cavite
Congr. districts 2nd District of Cavite (Lone District of Bacoor)
Incorporated September 28, 1671
Cityhood June 23, 2012
Barangays 73
Government[1]
 • Type Mayor–council
 • Mayor Strike B. Revilla (Lakas-Magdalo)
 • Vice Mayor Catherine S. Evaristo (Lakas-Magdalo)
 • Representative Lani Mercado-Revilla (Lakas)
 • City Council
Area[2]
 • Total 46.17 km2 (17.83 sq mi)
Elevation 4 m (13 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 520,216
 • Density 11,000/km2 (29,000/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4102
Dialing code 46
Website www.bacoor.gov.ph

Bacoor, officially the City of Bacoor (Filipino: Lungsod ng Bacoor), is a first-class urban component city in the province of Cavite, Philippines. It is a lone congressional district of Cavite and is the province's gateway to Metro Manila.

History[edit]

Bahay Tisa (Cuenca Ancestral House) served as the headquarters of the Philippine revolutionary government in 1898.
Zapote Bridge in 1899, site the historic battle in 1897 which killed Gen. Edilberto Evangelista.
City Hall

Spanish period[edit]

Some accounts indicate that the city of Bacoor, also named Bakood or Bakoor was founded as pueblo or town in 1671. When Spanish troops first arrived in Bacoor, they met some local inhabitants in the process of building a bamboo fence (bakod in Filipino) around a house. The Spaniards asked the men what the name of the village was but because of the difficulties in understanding each other, the local inhabitants thought that the Spaniards were asking what they were building. The men answered "bakood". The Spaniards pronounced it as "bacoor" which soon became the town's name.[4]

Revolutionary period[edit]

During the Philippine Revolution against Spain in 1896, Bacoor is one of the first towns in Cavite to rise up. A Katipunan chapter, codenamed Gargano, led by Gil Ignacio from barrio Banalo, started the hostilities in Bacoor on 2 September 1896, three days after the revolution began.[5]

On 17 February 1897, General Emilio Aguinaldo's 40,000-strong force confronted a 20,000-strong Spanish reinforcement at the Zapote River. The Katipuneros reinforced the southern bank of the river with trenches designed by Filipino engineer Edilberto Evangelista. They also blew up the Zapote Bridge with explosives which killed several Spaniards crossing it and thereby preventing them from reaching Cavite and forcing them to retreat to Muntinlupa. Despite the Filipino victory, they lost the brilliant Evangelista who was killed in action.[5][6]

However, after the Spanish counteroffensive in May 1897, Bacoor and the rest of Cavite finally fell to the Spaniards, forcing Aguinaldo and his men to retreat to Biak-na-Bato.[5]

American period[edit]

With the Philippine declaration of independence from Spain on 12 June 1898, hostilities reignited in Cavite and Bacoor was designated as the first capital of Emilio Aguinaldo's revolutionary government until it was transferred to Malolos, Bulacan in 1899.[5] The Zapote Bridge became the site once again of another battle on 13 June 1899, this time between Philippine and American troops. An American force of 1,200 men supported by naval gunfire from the American squadron in Manila Bay crushed a 5,000-strong Filipino force led by General Pío del Pilar.[7][8] Zapote Bridge's special place in Philippine history is depicted today in Bacoor's city seal.

Japanese occupation[edit]

During World War II, in 1942, Japanese occupation forces entered Bacoor and other towns of Cavite province. From 1942 to 1945, many Caviteños joined the Cavite Guerrilla Unit (CGU), a recognized guerrilla group headed by Colonel Mariano Castañeda. This group would eventually become the Filipino-American Cavite Guerrilla Forces (FACGF). Colonel Francisco Guerrero and the FACGF's 2nd Infantry Regiment was put in charge of Japanese resistance in Bacoor. The FAGCF, together with Filipino soldiers under the 41st, 4th, and 42nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army liberated and recaptured Bacoor and defeated the Japanese Imperial Army forces from January to August 1945, during the Allied liberation of the Philippines.[9]

Cityhood[edit]

On 25 July 2011, President Benigno Simeon Aquino III signed into law Republic Act No. 10160 creating the City of Bacoor.[10] It was ratified through a plebiscite on 23 June 2012,[11] wherein 36, 226 of the town's 40,080 registered voters voted in favor of cityhood while those against were 3,854.[12] With the incorporation of Bacoor as a city, it was divided into two legislative districts, Bacoor West and Bacoor East. During the 2013 mid-term elections, the citizens of Bacoor voted for six councilors for each districts forming a 12-person city council.

Geography[edit]

The Molino Dam was built during the Spanish period to divert water for farm irrigation.

Physical[edit]

Bacoor is strategically located at the gateway to Metro Manila. A sub-urban area, the city is located approximately 15 kilometers southwest of Manila, on the southeastern shore of Manila Bay, at the northwest portion of the province with an area of 52.4 square kilometers. It is bordered to the east by Las Piñas City and Muntinlupa City, to the south by Dasmariñas City, to the west by Kawit and Imus, and to the north by Bacoor Bay an inlet of Manila Bay. Bacoor's is separated from Las Piñas by the Zapote River and from Imus and Kawit by Bacoor River.

Most of the city is composed of flat, formerly agricultural lands, with some areas such as the coastal barangays of Zapote, Talaba, Niog, and Panapaan lying below sea level. Some barangays such as Molino and Queens Row are situated on the hills that form valleys along the upstream portion of Zapote River.

Political subdivisions[edit]

Bacoor City is politically subdivided into 73 barangays[2] grouped into two legislative district namely, Bacoor West and Bacoor East, which are represented in the city council by their respective councilors.

Bacoor West (District 1)

  • Alima
  • Aniban 1
  • Aniban 2
  • Aniban 3
  • Aniban 4
  • Aniban 5
  • Banalo
  • Camposanto
  • Daang-Bukid
  • Digman
  • Dulong-Bayan
  • Kaingin
  • Habay 1
  • Habay 2
  • Ligas 1
  • Ligas 2
  • Ligas 3
  • Mabolo 1
  • Mabolo 2
  • Mabolo 3
  • Maliksi 1
  • Maliksi 2
  • Maliksi 3
  • Niog 1
  • Niog 2
  • Niog 3
  • Panapaan 1
  • Panapaan 2
  • Panapaan 3
  • Panapaan 4
  • Panapaan 5
  • Panapaan 6
  • Panapaan 7
  • Panapaan 8
  • Real 1
  • Real 2
  • Salinas 1
  • Salinas 2
  • Salinas 3
  • Salinas 4
  • San Nicolas 1
  • San Nicolas 2
  • San Nicolas 3
  • Sineguelasan
  • Tabing-Dagat (Poblacion/City Proper)
  • Talaba 1
  • Talaba 2
  • Talaba 3
  • Talaba 4
  • Talaba 5
  • Talaba 6
  • Talaba 7
  • Zapote 1
  • Zapote 2
  • Zapote 3
  • Zapote 4
  • Zapote 5 (Longos)

Bacoor East (District 2)

  • Bayanan
  • Mambog 1
  • Mambog 2
  • Mambog 3
  • Mambog 4
  • Mambog 5
  • Molino 1
  • Molino 2
  • Molino 3
  • Molino 4
  • Molino 5
  • Molino 6
  • Molino 7 (Gawaran)
  • Queens Row Central
  • Queens Row East
  • Queens Row West

Climate[edit]

Under the Köppen climate classification system, Bacoor features a tropical savanna climate that borders on a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Aw/Am). Together with the rest of the Philippines, Bacoor lies entirely within the tropics. Its proximity to the equator means that the temperature range is very small, rarely going lower than 20 °C (68 °F) and going higher than 38 °C (100 °F) . However, humidity levels are usually very high which makes it feel much warmer. It has a distinct dry season from late December through April, and a relatively lengthy wet season that covers the remaining period. Southwest monsoon or Habagat can occur from June to September and can cause flooding in parts of the city.

Climate data for Bacoor, Cavite
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30
(86)
31
(88)
32
(90)
34
(93)
34
(93)
33
(91)
32
(90)
31
(88)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
30
(86)
31.8
(89.4)
Average low °C (°F) 24
(75)
24
(75)
25
(77)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
25.6
(78.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 32.9
(1.295)
31.7
(1.248)
28.2
(1.11)
26.9
(1.059)
188.9
(7.437)
225.7
(8.886)
420.0
(16.535)
377.9
(14.878)
332.4
(13.087)
145.1
(5.713)
128.8
(5.071)
76.3
(3.004)
2,014.8
(79.323)
Avg. rainy days 6 6 4 4 12 18 21 23 21 17 14 10 156
Source: World Weather Online[13]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Bacoor
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 159,685 —    
1995 250,821 +8.83%
2000 305,699 +4.33%
2007 441,197 +5.19%
2010 520,216 +6.18%

According to the 2010 census of population, Bacoor has a population of 520,216 people,[3] making it the second most populous city in the province after Dasmariñas. The city is a bedroom community which owes its large population to the influx of low and middle-income settlers who availed of the various housing projects and subdivisions in it.[14]

Facade of the St. Michael the Archangel Parish Church of Bacoor

Religion[edit]

Roman Catholicism is the dominant religion in Bacoor, which part of the Diocese of Imus. The city is the seat of the Vicariate of St. Michael, the Archangel and the Vicariate of Sto. Niño de Molino. One of Bacoor's notable parish priests is Fr. Mariano Gómez, one-third of the GomBurZa triumvirate implicated in the Cavite Mutiny and then parish priest of the Bacoor Cathedral.

During the Philippine Revolution, some of Bacoor's inhabitants became members of the Philippine Independent Church also known as the Aglipayan Church, the religious arm of General Emilio Aguinaldo's government. The Aglipayan church has a long and colorful history in the city. It is one of the first Catholic congregations in the Philippines to join the new movement and then Catholic priest Fr. Fortunato Clemena became the first Aglipayan priest, as well as the first Aglipayan Bishop of Cavite, during the Aglipayan Schism period. Most of the first members were Katipuneros headed by General Mariano Noriel who is also the first president of the laymen organization.

A significant population of Muslims (mostly middle-class Maranao traders and stall owners) is located around Zapote and Molino where local mosques are located. A number of Protestant Christian denominations such as United Methodist Church, Jesus Is Lord Church, and Lighthouse Worship Center can also be found in the city.

Local government[edit]

Mayors of Bacoor, Cavite
Luis Landas, 1908–1909
Gregorio De Guia, 1912–1915
Hilarion Guzman, 1916–1919
Simon Reyes, 1919–1922
Francisco Gaudier, 1925–1928
Marcelo Miranda, 1925–1930
Eduardo Ocampo, 1931–1934
Marcelo Miranda, 1942–1945
Dr. Generoso Sarino, 1946–1947
Arsenio Castillo, 1948–1954
Benigno Guinto, 1954–1960, 1963–1967
Pablo G. Sarino, 1960–1963, 1967–1986
Angelito Miranda, 1988, assassinated a few days later
Buencamino Cruz, 1988–1992
Victor I. Miranda, 1992–1996
Jose Ignacio Francisco, 1996–1998
Jessie B. Castillo, 1998–2007
Strike B. Revilla, 2007–present

Pursuant to Chapter II, Title II, Book III of Republic Act 7160 or the Local Government Code of 1991,[15] the city government is composed of a mayor (alkalde), a vice-mayor (bise alkalde) and members (kagawad) of the legislative branch Sangguniang Bayan alongside a secretary to the said legislature, all of which are elected to a three-year term and are eligible to run for three consecutive terms.

The following are the elected officials of the City of Bacoor for the term 2010–2013:

Representatives, officials and members of the city council
Representative Lani Mercado-Revilla (Lakas)
Mayor Strike B. Revilla (Lakas)
Vice Mayor Catherine "Karen" S. Evaristo (Lakas)
Councilors Bacoor West (District 1) Bacoor East (District 2)
Avelino B. Solis Reynaldo C. Palabarica
Edwin G. Gawaran Hernando "King" C. Gutierrez
Miguel N. Bautista Gaudencio P. Nolasco
Rowena M. Bautista-Mendiola Bayani M. De Leon
Reynaldo M. Fabian Leandro A. De Leon
Venus G. De Castro Roberto R. Javier
ABC President Victorio L. Guerrero, Jr. (Salinas II)
Provincial Board Members Edralin G. Gawaran Rolando S. Remulla

Economy[edit]

SM City Bacoor was opened on July 25, 1997, becoming the first SM Mall outside of Metro Manila and in Cavite.
Mussels and oysters are two of Bacoor's main products
Bamboo is another common product in Bacoor

Commerce[edit]

Bacoor is currently experiencing a rapid shift from an agriculture-based economy to a residential/commercial urban center. Nowadays, retail, manufacturing, banking and service sectors are Bacoor's primary income earners. Commercial activities are sporadic throughout the city ranging from wholesale to retail establishments, restaurants and eateries, hardware and construction supplies and other service-related industries, especially those located in SM City Bacoor where it serves as the city's main income earner. The mostly residential area of Molino is also home to SM Center Molino at the corner of Molino Road and Daang Hari. The entrance area from the Coastal Road to Aguinaldo Highway in Talaba and the area surrounding the Zapote Public Market (now the Bacoor Public Market) are other commercial centers. Bacoor has branches of 11 different commercial banks all over the city.

Meanwhile, agricultural area has lessened to only 100 hectares while fishponds which likewise decreased to almost half of the original 760 hectares. Salt production, fishing, oyster and mussel culture, which are now being threatened to near extinction because of pollution and overpopulation, are the other sources of income of the residents. These industries are also threatened by the construction of the Cavite Coastal Road Extension which will directly affect the Bacoor shoreline.[16]

Land use[edit]

Land use developments in Bacoor include a proposed industrial village in Barangay Niog which will include light cottage industries with supporting residential and commercial facilities. A vast tract of land in Molino area, on the other hand, is envisioned to host residential, institutional and commercial facilities. Dubbed as the New Bacoor, the land use plan in Molino seeks to utilize the area not only as a dormitory for individuals who work in Metro Manila but also for people who have migrated to Bacoor in search of economic advancement.

Tourism[edit]

Bacoor also touts itself as a tourism and recreational center with reach of Metro Manila residents. Aside from its numerous shopping malls, the city offers visitors a taste of history, culture, and local cuisine through various resorts, restaurants, and other places of interest. These include:

Places of Interest

  • Bahay Tisa (Cuenca Ancestral House)
  • Battle of Zapote Bridge site
  • Bacoor Cathedral
  • Bacoor Ecopark
  • St. Ezekiel Moreno Park (Prinza Dam)
  • Bacoor Public Market

Festivals

  • Bakood Festival (Araw ng Bacoor): September 29
  • Marching Band Festival (Town Fiesta): Second Sunday of May
  • Battle of Zapote Bridge Commemoration: February 17

Resorts

  • Paradiso Terrestre
  • Circle Island Resort
  • SunWind Resort

Restaurants

  • Kainan sa Balsahan
  • Digman's Original Halo-Halo
  • Ka Freddie's

Shopping Malls and Supermarkets

  • SM City Bacoor
  • SM Center Molino
  • RFC Molino Mall
  • V Central Mall
  • FRC Mall
  • Starmall Molino (under construction)
  • Seasons Mall (under construction)
  • SM Savemore
  • Puregold
  • Super 8
  • Emilu's
  • Abri Commercial

Education[edit]

Public Schools

  • Aniban Elementary School
  • Bacoor Elementary School
  • Bayanan Elementary School
  • Digman Elementary School
  • Dulong Bayan Elementary School
  • Gawaran Elementary School
  • Gov. P.F. Espiritu Elementary School
  • Habay Elementary School
  • Ligas Elementary School
  • Ligas II Elementary School
  • Likha Elementary School
  • Longos Elementary School
  • Mabolo Elementary School
  • Maliksi Elementary School
  • Malipay Elementary School
  • Mambog Elementary School
  • Molino Elementary School
  • Niog Elementary School
  • Progressive Elementary School
  • Poblacion Elementary School
  • Real Elementary School
  • Salinas Elementary School
  • San Nicolas Elementary School
  • Sineguelasan Elementary School
  • Soldiers Hills Elementary School
  • Talaba Elementary School
  • Zapote Elementary School
  • Bacoor National High School - Main
  • Bacoor National High School - Annex
  • Bacoor National High School - Villa Maria Annex
  • Bacoor National High School - Gawaran Annex
  • Eastern Bacoor National High School
  • Cavite State University- Bacoor Campus

Private Schools

  • Academia De Covina
  • Academia de Julia Victoria of Cavite
  • AMA Computer Learning Center
  • Angelicum Immanuel Montessori of Cavite
  • Bacoor Sheperd School
  • Bacoor Parish School
  • Bacoor Evangelical School
  • Bacoor Parochial School of St. Michael the Archangel Inc.
  • Bearer of Light and Wisdom Colleges
  • Benedictine School of Cavite
  • Blessed Virgin Learning Center
  • Bristle Oak Academe
  • Casa De San Miguel Montessori School
  • Cavite Christian School
  • Cavite School of Life - Main Campus
  • Cavite School Of St. Mark
  • Child Development and Guidance Center
  • Crest View Academy of Cavite
  • Christian Values School
  • Crossroads Christian Academy
  • Diamond Academy
  • Divine Light Academy
  • Divine Jesus Learning Center, Inc.
  • Erica Learning Center
  • First Books Learning Center
  • Green Valley Academy
  • Graceland Academy
  • GudNad Academe, Inc.
  • Harrell Horne Integrated School
  • Higher Ground Academy
  • Imus Computer College - Bacoor Branch
  • Imus Computer College - Panapaan Branch
  • INA Internet Learning Center
  • International School of Hotel and Restaurant Management
  • John Paul Montessori School
  • Joseph Immanuel School
  • Jubileum Academy of Bacoor
  • King Solomon Integrated School Inc.
  • King James Academy - Cavite, Inc.
  • La Camelle School
  • Little Angels Montessori School
  • Little Angels Learning School
  • Love Christian Academy
  • Marie Osmund Schools
  • Macasa Learning Center
  • Marvelous Faith Academy
  • Millennium Christian High School of Cavite
  • Mizpah Community Academy Foundation Inc.
  • Montessori dei San Lorenzo
  • Mother Theresa School - Main
  • Newville Heights Academy
  • Peak Hills School
  • Phoenix International School of Science and Technology
  • Quest Academy
  • Rochepol Jane Academy
  • Ruther E. Esconde School of Multiple Intelligences, Inc.
  • School of St. Mark
  • Seven Seas Academy, Inc.
  • Statefields School, Inc.
  • STI College Bacoor
  • St. Alphonsus Liguori Integrated School
  • St. Clare de Molino Academy
  • St. Dominic College of Asia
  • St. Francis Institute, Learning and Business High School
  • St. Francis of Assisi College - Bacoor
  • St. Jerome Emiliani Institute
  • St. John Fisher School
  • St. Matthew Academy Of Cavite
  • St. Michael's Institute
  • St. Peregrine Institute
  • St. Thomas More Academy
  • St. Vincent De Paul College
  • The Bearer of Light and Wisdom Colleges
  • Theresian School of Cavite
  • University of Perpetual Help System Dalta - Molino Campus
  • Villa Cecilia Academy of Arts and Technology
  • Victorious Christian Montessori - Bacoor
  • Waynesville Learning Center
  • Woodridge College
  • Young Shepherd's School

Infrastructure[edit]

Tricycle terminal in front of SM City Bacoor
Aguinaldo Highway in Bacoor

Transportation[edit]

Bacoor is described as a bedroom community with most of its citizens commuting to and from Metro Manila to work. The city is the connected to Metro Manila by major thoroughfares: CAVITEX and Quirino Avenue in the north, Daang Hari in the south, and Marcos Alvarez Avenue in the east. It is also the terminus of the Aguinaldo Highway and Tirona Highway which connects the city to the rest of Cavite. Common forms of transportation are buses, mini-buses, public utility vans, jeepneys.

Due to the congestion of Bacoor's major thoroughfares and overpopulation, the city suffers from daily heavy traffic. This hoped to be eased in the future as the city will become the terminus of the Manila Light Rail Transit System once its southern extension has been completed. However, the project has been further delayed and is still in the bidding process. Bacoor is also part of two proposed highway systems, the Cavite-Laguna Expressway (CALEX) and the Bulacan-Rizal-Manila-Cavite Regional Expressway.

Health[edit]

To address the health concerns of the city's aging population and urban poor population, several public and private hospitals have been established in the city. The local government also initiated a discount program for senior citizens in city wherein they can avail of discounted medical care and medicines in hospitals in and outside of Bacoor.

Bacoor has one major public hospital and 7 major private hospitals aside from a number of small private clinics.

  • Bacoor District Hospital
  • Bacoor Doctors Medical Center
  • Crisostomo General Hospital
  • Metro South Medical Center
  • Molino Doctors Hospital
  • Southeast Asian Medical Center
  • St. Dominic Medical Center
  • St. Michael Medical Hospital

Notable People[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Local city

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: CAVITE". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 29 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 24 October 2013. 
  4. ^ The Philippine Index, Millennium Edition Vol. 1 No. 1. Retrieved on April 1, 2013
  5. ^ a b c d Aguinaldo, Emilio (1964). Mga Gunita ng Himagsikan. Manila. 
  6. ^ Crisanto, Joyce M. & Chit dela Torre (2006). "The Battle of Zapote Bridge". Las Piñas: A City with Heritage (Las Piñas City, Philippines: Villar Foundation). 
  7. ^ Reyno, Cielo (3 April 2013). "The Other Battle of Zapote: The Filipinos' Bloody Defense of the Motherland". National Historical Commission of the Philippines. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  8. ^ Taylor, John R. M. (1971). Philippine Insurrection Against the United States. Pasay City. 
  9. ^ "Cavite during the Japanese Occupation". Cavite Historical and Cultural Page. Cavite State University-College of Arts and Sciences. 10 April 2012. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  10. ^ "R.A. No. 10160". Charter of the City of Bacoor. Congress of the Philippines. 10 April 2012. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  11. ^ "Bacoor Votes on Cityhood Today". Manila Bulletin. 22 June 2012. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  12. ^ "Bacoor, Now a City after Plebiscite". GMA News Online. 24 June 2012. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  13. ^ "Bacoor Average Temperatures and Rainfall". World Weather Online. Retrieved April 1, 2013. 
  14. ^ Jimenez-David, Rina (8 September 2011). "Bacoor and Korea". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  15. ^ "An act providing for a local government code of 1991". 8th Congress of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved April 21, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Community Profile: Bacoor, Cavite". Food for the Hungry Philippines. 2004. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 

External links[edit]