Bacterial leaf scorch

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bacterial leaf scorch
Common names: BLS
Causal agents: Xylella fastidiosa
hosts: trees and crops
vectors: leafhoppers

Bacterial leaf scorch (commonly abbreviated BLS, also called bacterial leaf spot) is a disease state affecting many crops, caused mainly by the xylem-plugging bacterium Xylella fastidiosa.[1] It can be mistaken for ordinary leaf scorch caused by cultural practices such as over-fertilization.[1]

Hosts[edit]

BLS can be found on a wide variety of hosts, ranging from ornamental trees (elm, maple, oak) and shrubs, to crop species including blueberry and almond.

Bacterial spot of peppers and tomatos[edit]

Bacterial spot of peppers and tomatoes is caused by the bacteria Xanthomonas campestris pv. Vesicatoria.

Bacterial spot of peaches[edit]

Bacterial spot of peaches is caused by the bacteria Xanthomonas campestris pv. Pruni. Spots may form on the leaves and they can be mistaken for peach scab, which is caused by a fungus.

Symptoms[edit]

An irregular browning leaf margin which may or may not be bordered by a pale halo.[2]

Symptoms re-occur every year, spreading throughout the tree crown, eventually killing the host plant.[2]

Vectors[edit]

Xylem-feeding leafhoppers can transmit the disease bacteria[2]

Treatment[edit]

There are no known effective treatments for BLS, consequently, removal of affected plants is recommended[2]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]