Badí‘ (Arabic: ﺑﺪﻳﻊ 1852 – 1869) was the title of Mírzá Áqá Buzurg-i-Nishapuri, also known by the title the Pride of Martyrs. He was the son of `Abdu'l-Majid-i-Nishapuri, a follower of the Báb and Bahá'u'lláh.
Badí‘ is most famous for being the bearer of a tablet written by Bahá'u'lláh to Nasiri'd-Din Shah, for which he was tortured and killed at the age of 17. The Bahá'í calendar, known as the Badí‘ calendar, was named in his honour. He is also one of the foremost Apostles of Bahá'u'lláh.
The Kitáb-i-Badí', a book written by Bahá'u'lláh, has no relation to the Badí‘ of this article.
Although Badí's father was a Bahá'í, Badí was originally not touched by the new religion. He was an unruly and rebellious youth, and his father described him as the "despair of the family". It was upon a meeting with Nabíl-i-A`zam that Badí‘ heard a poem by Bahá'u'lláh and began weeping. After finishing his studies, he gave away his possessions and set out on foot for Baghdad, where a significant number of Bahá'ís were under persecution. Finally he set out on foot from Mosul through Baghdad to the prison city of `Akka.
As guards protected against Bahá'ís entering `Akka, Badí dressed as a water-carrier and slipped by the guards, and then proceeded to a mosque, where he recognized `Abdu'l-Bahá and gave him a note. Badí‘ received two interviews with Bahá'u'lláh, and requested that he deliver the Lawh-i-Sultán, Bahá'u'lláh's tablet to Nasiri'd-Din Shah. He received the tablet in Haifa to avoid being caught by Ottoman officials. From there he travelled on foot for four months to Tehran. Along the way he was reported to "be full of joy, laughter, gratitude and forbearance, walking around one hundred paces then leaving the road and turning to face `Akká. He would then prostrate himself and say: 'O God, that which you have bestowed upon me through Your bounty, do not take back through Your justice; rather grant me strength to safeguard it'".
After three days of fasting, Badí‘ went to the Shah's summer camp, and the Shah came upon him while hunting in the woods. Badí‘ approached the monarch with respect and calmly said: "O King! I have come to thee from Sheba with a weighty message". Badí‘ was arrested, branded for three successive days, his head beaten to a pulp with the butt of a rifle, after which his body was thrown into a pit and earth and stones heaped upon it.
A particularly famous picture of Badí‘ exists, taken at the Shah's request, where he is in chains during his torture, showing no emotion.
- "After the martyrdom of his son, [Haji Abdu'l-Majid] had visited Bahá'u'lláh and returned afire with zeal to Khurasan, [where he] was ripped open from waist to throat, and his head exposed on a marble slab to the gaze of a multitude of insulting onlookers, who, after dragging his body ignominiously through the bazaars, left it at the morgue to be claimed by his relatives."
- Francis, Richard (2001). "Áqá Buzurg (Badí') the Pride of the Martyrs".
- Taherzadeh, A. (1984). The Revelation of Bahá'u'lláh, Volume 3: `Akka, The Early Years 1868-77. Oxford, UK: George Ronald. pp. 176–187. ISBN 0-85398-144-2.
- Effendi, Shoghi (1944). God Passes By. Wilmette, Illinois, USA: Bahá'í Publishing Trust. p. 200. ISBN 0-87743-020-9.
- Balyuzi, H.M. (1985). Eminent Bahá'ís in the time of Bahá'u'lláh. The Camelot Press Ltd, Southampton. ISBN 0-85398-152-3.
- Effendi, Shoghi (1944). God Passes By. Wilmette, Illinois, USA: Bahá'í Publishing Trust. ISBN 0-87743-020-9.
- Nabíl-i-Zarandí (1932). Shoghi Effendi (Translator), ed. The Dawn-Breakers: Nabíl’s Narrative (Hardcover ed.). Wilmette, Illinois, USA: Bahá'í Publishing Trust. ISBN 0-900125-22-5.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Badi.|
- Áqá Buzurg (Badí‘), the Pride of the Martyrs, biography by Richard Francis (2001).
- Biography, by Moojan Momen.