Bad (tour)

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Bad
World tour by Michael Jackson
Associated album Bad
Start date September 12, 1987
End date January 27, 1989
Legs 2
Shows 54 in North America
41 in Europe
23 in Asia
5 in Australia
123 played
Box office US $125.8 million ($239.34 in 2014 dollars)[1]
Michael Jackson concert chronology
Victory Tour
(1984)
Bad
(1987–89)
Dangerous World Tour
(1992–93)

Bad was the first concert tour by American recording artist Michael Jackson, launched in support of his seventh studio album of the same name (1987). Sponsored by Pepsi and spanning 16 months, the tour included 123 concerts to 4.4 million fans across 15 countries making it the second highest grossing tour of 1987. In April 1989, the tour was nominated for "Tour of the Year 1988" at the inaugural International Rock Awards. A live album and DVD of the July 16, 1988 concert in London titled Live at Wembley July 16, 1988 was released along with the special edition reissue of the Bad album titled Bad 25 on September 18, 2012, as well as a stand-alone DVD.[2]

Background[edit]

First leg (1987)[edit]

On June 29, 1987, Jackson's manager Frank DiLeo announced the singer's plan to embark on his first solo world concert tour.[3] Sponsored by Pepsi,[4] the tour began in Japan, marking Jackson's first performances in the country since 1973 as part of The Jackson 5.[5] The first nine scheduled concerts that began on September 12 sold out within hours, and five more were added due to high demand.[6] Over 600 journalists, cameramen and fans waited for Jackson's arrival to the country at Tokyo's Narita International Airport.[7] His pet chimpanzee Bubbles, who took a separate flight, was greeted by more than 300 people.[7] A chartered jumbo jet was used to carry 22 truckloads of equipment, along with Jackson's entourage of 132 for the tour.[8] The stage set used 700 lights, 100 speakers, 40 lasers, three mirrors and two 24-by-18 foot screens. Performers wore 70 costumes, four of which were attached with fiber optic lights.[9]

While in Tokyo, Australian pop music critic Molly Meldrum conducted an exclusive interview Jackson and DiLeo that was featured on 60 Minutes in the United States.[7] On September 18, Jackson was handed the Key to the City by Yasushi Oshima, the mayor of Osaka. He was accompanied by Bubbles, who was the first animal allowed inside the city's town hall. Jackson dedicated his Japanese concerts to Yoshiaki Hagiwara, a five-year-old boy who was kidnapped and murdered, and gave £12,000 to the parents of Hagiwara.[10] Attendance figures for the first 14 dates in Japan totalled a record-breaking 450,000.[6] Crowds of 200,000 were what past performers could manage to draw for a single tour.[11] Nippon Television was a co-sponsor with Pepsi for the Japanese dates.[6]

In October 1987, scheduled shows in Perth and Adelaide in Australia were cancelled. A New Zealand leg was also scrapped. Kevin Jacobson, the tour's promoter, put it down to financial reasons with the original schedule having to cost $8 million to stage.[12] Jackson performed five concerts in Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane in Australia in November. While off stage, he spent time visiting sick children at their homes in the Sydney suburbs.[7]

Second leg (1988–1989)[edit]

Jackson performing in Vienna, Austria on June 2, 1988.

Rehearsals for the tour's second leg took place at the Pensacola Civic Center in Pensacola, Florida from January 22 to February 18, 1988.[13] On the last day of preparation, Jackson allowed 420 school pupils to watch him rehearse after the children made him a rap music video in his honour.[14] The first performances were to begin in Atlanta, Georgia, yet Pepsi officials objected as the city was home to rival drinks company Coca-Cola.[15] For both Atlanta shows, Jackson gave 100 tickets to the Children's Wish Foundation for terminally ill children.[16] The first of three concerts at Madison Square Garden in New York City in March served as a benefit to raise $500,000 to the United Negro College Fund.[17] Jackson presented a check of $600,000 to the fund.[18]

Jackson began his European tour in Rome at the Flaminio Stadium on May 23, 1988. Police and security guards rescued hundreds of fans from being crushed in the crowd of 30,000.[19] Police reported 130 women fainted at the concert in Vienna on June 2.[20] A scheduled performance in Lyon was cancelled after 16,000 of a planned 30,000 tickets were sold.[21] On June 17, Jackson travelled to the town of Vevey to meet Oona O'Neill, the widow of comic actor Charlie Chaplin. "I have fulfilled my biggest childhood dream", said Jackson after the visit.[22] The most successful of the European dates were those in London at Wembley Stadium. Ticket demand for the five July dates exceeded 1.5 million, enough to fill the 72,000 capacity venue 20 times.[23] Jackson performed seven sold out shows, beating the previous record held by Madonna, Bruce Springsteen and Genesis. More shows could have been added, but the venue had reached its quota for live performances.[23] The third concert on July 16 was attended by Diana, Princess of Wales and Prince Charles.[24] On September 8, Jackson was entered into the Guinness World Records, the first of three times from the tour alone. The Wembley shows were attended by a record 504,000 people. Management also presented him with a special award.[25] On July 30, NBC aired Michael Jackson Around the World, a 90-minute special documenting the singer on tour.[26] On August 29, after a birthday performance in Leeds, Jackson donated $130,000 to Give For Life.[25] The final European show was held in Liverpool on September 11, staged at Aintree Racecourse. 1,550 fans were reported injured among the crowd of 125,000.[25][27]

In September 1988, Jackson toured the United States for the second time. On October 23, he donated $125,000, the net proceeds to first show in Detroit, to the city's Motown Museum.[28] Three concerts in Tacoma, Washington were cancelled after Jackson came down with the flu.[29] The tour was planned to end in Tokyo, but Jackson suffered from swollen vocal cords after the first of six concerts in Los Angeles in November. The remaining five were rescheduled for January 1989. During the December 11 show in Tokyo, nine-year old Ayana Takada was selected to receive a certificate by Jackson to commemorate the four millionth person to attend the tour.[30]

Five performances in Los Angeles were held to conclude the tour on January 27, 1989. In 16 months, Jackson performed 123 concerts in 15 countries to an audience of 4.4 million for a total gross of $125 million.[31][32] The American tour alone grossed a total of $20.3 million, the sixth largest of the year.[31] Guinness World Records recognized the tour as the largest grossing in history and the tour to play to the most people ever.[31] In April 1989, the tour was nominated for "Tour of the Year 1988" at the inaugural International Rock Awards. It lost to Amnesty International.[33]

Opening acts[edit]

Set list[edit]

Notes
  • Stevie Wonder made a surprise appearance at the November 28, 1987 Brisbane concert during the song "Bad". Whereupon, Jackson & Wonder performed their duet which is included on the Bad album, called "Just Good Friends" for the first and last time.[38]
  • The "Bad Groove" interlude involved the band playing an extended instrumental of "It's Gonna Be a Beautiful Night" by Prince from his 1987 album Sign o' the Times. The second leg piece grew longer and an instrumental of "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" from Jackson's 1979 album Off the Wall was added. The band members also perform their own solo with keyboards first, followed by bass guitar then drums. During the second leg spots in the interlude session varied, such as the additional solo from guitarist Jon Clark.
  • In some of the first shows of the second leg and some shows of the second North American leg, Jackson occasionally changed the order of the set list. Usually two or more songs of the first 9 songs would be moved, such as "Human Nature" and "Smooth Criminal" following "Another Part of Me" instead of "I Just Can't Stop Loving You" and "She's Out of My Life".
  • For his March 1988 performances at Madison Square Garden in New York, Steve Stevens (Guitar - Billy Idol) performed on "Dirty Diana" as he had on the recording.
  • A performance of Dirty Diana, taken from the March 3, 1988 performance at Madison Square Garden in New York was released as a seven-minute long live music video. It is considered the alternative music video of the song.
  • During the tour, Jackson performed "I Just Can't Stop Loving You" live on stage with background vocalist Sheryl Crow.
  • "The Way You Make Me Feel" was taken out of the setlist on rare occasions due to some shows starting late or other unknown reasons. When this occurred, "Man in the Mirror" was performed in the black "Bad" jacket. Dates the song was skipped include the July 16th, 1988 Wembley show and the March 5, 1988 show in New York City.
  • At every tour stop, during "She's Out of My Life", one girl was randomly picked out of the crowd (usually front row) and was allowed to dance with Jackson on stage.
  • During the last concert dates at the Los Angeles Sports Arena, Jackson wore a white shirt during "The Way You Make Me Feel" and "Man in the Mirror" instead of the usual blue shirt.

Tour dates[edit]

List of concerts, showing date, city, country and venue
Date City/Town Country Venue
1987 leg
September 12, 1987 Tokyo Japan Korakuen Stadium
September 13, 1987
September 14, 1987
September 19, 1987 Nishinomiya Hankyu Nishinomiya Stadium
September 20, 1987
September 21, 1987
September 25, 1987 Yokohama Yokohama Stadium
September 26, 1987
September 27, 1987
October 3, 1987
October 4, 1987
October 10, 1987 Osaka Osaka Stadium
October 11, 1987
October 12, 1987
November 13, 1987 Melbourne Australia Olympic Park Stadium[39]
November 20, 1987 Sydney Parramatta Stadium[40]
November 21, 1987
November 27, 1987 Brisbane Brisbane Entertainment Centre[41][42][43]
November 28, 1987
1988 leg
February 23, 1988 Kansas City United States Kemper Arena
February 24, 1988
March 3, 1988 New York City Madison Square Garden[44][45][46]
March 5, 1988
March 6, 1988
March 13, 1988 St. Louis St. Louis Arena[47]
March 18, 1988 Indianapolis Market Square Arena
March 19, 1988
March 20, 1988 Louisville Freedom Hall
March 24, 1988 Denver McNichols Sports Arena[48]
March 25, 1988
March 26, 1988
March 30, 1988 Hartford Hartford Civic Arena
March 31, 1988
April 1, 1988
April 8, 1988 Houston The Summit
April 9, 1988
April 10, 1988
April 13, 1988 Atlanta Omni Coliseum
April 14, 1988
April 15, 1988
April 19, 1988 Rosemont Rosemont Horizon
April 20, 1988
April 21, 1988
April 25, 1988 Dallas Reunion Arena
April 26, 1988
April 27, 1988
May 4, 1988 Minneapolis Met Center
May 5, 1988
May 6, 1988
May 23, 1988 Rome Italy Stadio Flaminio
May 24, 1988
May 29, 1988 Turin Stadio Olimpico di Torino
June 2, 1988 Vienna Austria Prater Stadium[49]
June 5, 1988 Rotterdam Netherlands Feijenoord Stadium
June 6, 1988
June 7, 1988
June 11, 1988 Gothenburg Sweden Eriksberg Docks Grounds
June 12, 1988
June 16, 1988 Basel Switzerland St. Jakob Stadium
June 19, 1988 West Berlin Reichstag Grounds
June 27, 1988 Paris France Parc des Princes Stadium
June 28, 1988
July 1, 1988 Hamburg West Germany Volkspark Stadium
July 3, 1988 Cologne Mungersdorfer Stadium
July 8, 1988 Munich Olympic Stadium
July 10, 1988 Hockenheim Hockenheimring
July 14, 1988 London England Wembley Stadium
July 15, 1988
July 16, 1988
July 22, 1988
July 23, 1988
July 26, 1988 Cardiff Wales Cardiff Arms Park
July 30, 1988 Cork Ireland Páirc Uí Chaoimh
July 31, 1988
August 5, 1988 Marbella Spain Estadio Municipal de Marbella[50]
August 7, 1988 Madrid Vincente Calderon Stadium
August 9, 1988 Barcelona Nou Camp Stadium
August 12, 1988 Montpellier France Stade Richter
August 14, 1988 Nice Stade Charles Ehrmann
August 19, 1988 Lausanne Switzerland La Pontaise
August 21, 1988 Würzburg West Germany Talavera Weisen
August 23, 1988 Werchter Belgium Werchter Festival Grounds
August 26, 1988 London England Wembley Stadium
August 27, 1988
August 29, 1988 Leeds Roundhay Park
September 2, 1988 Hanover West Germany Niedersachsen Stadium
September 4, 1988 Gelsenkirchen Park Stadium
September 6, 1988 Linz Austria Linzer Stadium
September 10, 1988 Milton Keynes England The Bowl
September 11, 1988 Liverpool Aintree Racecourse
September 26, 1988 Pittsburgh United States Civic Arena
September 27, 1988
September 28, 1988
October 3, 1988 East Rutherford Meadowlands Arena
October 4, 1988
October 5, 1988
October 10, 1988 Cleveland Richfield Coliseum
October 11, 1988
October 13, 1988 Landover Capital Center
October 17, 1988
October 18, 1988
October 19, 1988
October 24, 1988 Detroit The Palace of Auburn Hills
October 25, 1988
October 26, 1988
November 7, 1988 Irvine Irvine Meadows Amphitheater
November 8, 1988
November 9, 1988
November 13, 1988 Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena
December 9, 1988 Tokyo Japan Tokyo Dome
December 10, 1988
December 11, 1988
December 17, 1988
December 18, 1988
December 19, 1988
December 24, 1988
December 25, 1988
December 26, 1988
1989 leg
January 16, 1989 Los Angeles United States Memorial Sports Arena
January 17, 1989
January 18, 1989
January 26, 1989
January 27, 1989

Broadcast recordings[edit]

Sony released a Bad tour concert from Wembley Stadium, London, which was filmed on July 16, 1988. The concert film titled Live at Wembley July 16, 1988 was officially released on DVD on September 18, 2012. A concert recorded by Nippon TV filmed in Yokohama Stadium, Japan, September 26, 1987, was televised in many countries.

Personnel[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2014. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
  2. ^ "25th Anniversary of Michael Jackson's Landmark Album Bad Celebrated With September 18 Release Of New Bad 25 Packages". Sony Music. michaeljackson.com. Retrieved 2012-05-31. 
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  4. ^ Campbell 1993, p. 186.
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  6. ^ a b c Campbell 1993, p. 208.
  7. ^ a b c d Bad Tour Programme (1988), Far East Report
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  15. ^ Campbell 1993, p. 212.
  16. ^ Campbell 1993, p. 213.
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  18. ^ Campbell 1993, p. 189.
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  24. ^ Campbell 1993, p. 217.
  25. ^ a b c Halstead 2003, p. 80.
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  64. ^ a b c Campbell, Lisa D. (January 1, 2002). Michael Jackson: The King of Pop. Google Books. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
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  67. ^ "Jackson cancels". Telegraph Herald (Dubuque, Iowa). October 31, 1988. p. 4B. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
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  70. ^ Saulnier, Jason (23 July 2008). "Jennifer Batten Interview". Music Legends. Retrieved 3 July 2013. 

Sources[edit]