Bad Brückenau

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For the Romanian commune called Bruckenau in German, see Pişchia.
Bad Brückenau
Coat of arms of Bad Brückenau
Coat of arms
Bad Brückenau   is located in Germany
Bad Brückenau
Bad Brückenau
Coordinates: 50°18′34″N 9°47′26″E / 50.30944°N 9.79056°E / 50.30944; 9.79056Coordinates: 50°18′34″N 9°47′26″E / 50.30944°N 9.79056°E / 50.30944; 9.79056
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Unterfranken
District Bad Kissingen
Subdivisions 5 parts of the city
Government
 • Mayor Brigitte Meyerdierks (CSU)
Area
 • Total 23.73 km2 (9.16 sq mi)
Elevation 332 m (1,089 ft)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 6,400
 • Density 270/km2 (700/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 97769
Dialling codes 09741
Vehicle registration KG, BRK, HAB
Website www.bad-brueckenau.de
Staatsbad Brückenau

Bad Brückenau (About this sound  ) is a spa town in Bad Kissingen district in northern Bavaria. It is situated in the Rhön Mountains, 30 kilometers south of Fulda.

Geography[edit]

Bad Brückenau is located in the valley of the River Sinn, in the western part of the Rhön Mountains. It consists of five subdivisions: the central town Bad Brückenau and the four suburbs Staatsbad Brückenau, Wernarz, Volkers and Römershag.

The marketplace of Bad Brückenau

History[edit]

History of Brückenau. The early history of the town is sparsely documented. First buildings were probably erected close to a ford across the Sinn, which was in use by the time of Charlemagne. By the 12th century the settlement had reached the size of a small town and was called Sinn-Au. Earliest mention of the town is made in a document dating back to 1249, when Fulda grants Sinn-Au certain privileges. In 1260 the Bishop had four castles built around the town, which he granted to various vassals in the area. Around that time, he also fortified the town with a simple town wall.

Brückenau with its old bridge. Drawing by H.Girl, before 1876

In 1310 Sinn-Au was granted the rights of a city by King (later Emperor) Heinrich VII. With that, Brückenau gains the rights to maintain its walls, hold markets, have its own council, cut tree in the forests, raise taxes on wine and so on. In 1337, the council made use of its new rights and enlarge the walls and fortified the gates. In 1597 the town received its present name Brückenau, when a bridge was built over the Sinn. In August 1876, the town was almost completely destroyed by fire.

History of the spa. In the 15th century mention is made of a sour-tasting well four kilometers down the valley in south westerly direction. Even then, the water was known for its curative properties, and in 1747 Bishop Amandus von Buseck of Fulda built a fountain. Under his successor Heinrich von Bibra, the first hotels were built and two more wells discovered. The baroque ensemble along the main axis of the Kurpark dates back to these days.

In 1816, after the Napoleonic Wars, Brückenau became part of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Brückenau became the favorite spa of King Ludwig I of Bavaria, who financed an encompassing renovation. The central building dating back to this era is the Große Kursaal, built in neoclassical style. After the German Revolution of 1848 and the abdication of Ludwig I., the Bavarian government leased the spa to private entrepreneurs. Today, most of the hotels are leased by Dorint.

In the first decade of the 20th century, the town, rebuilt after the fire, began to imitate the success of the spa. Three wells were discovered, the town and a group of citizens created two parks. In the administrative reform of 1970, the Staatsbad became part of the town and all of Brückenau was granted the official title "Bad".

Culture and Sights[edit]

Museums[edit]

  • Heimatmuseum. This museum is located in the town centre and gives an impression of daily life in Brückenau in the 18th and 19th centuries.
  • German Bicycle-Museum

Music[edit]

The Große Kursaal, 19th Century
The Große Kursaal, 2010
  • Bayerisches Kammerorchester
  • Kurorchester

Architecture[edit]

  • Großer Kursaal. The Große Kursaal was planned in 1827 by the Munich architect 1827 Johann Gottfried Gutensohn and built by the Brückenau Master Builder Lorenz Hergenröder. In its neoclassical style it influenced the historicist architecture of spas in all of southern Germany.
  • Altstadt. The old town of Bad Brückenau is home to a number of historic pubs and inns dating back to the 16th century.
  • Kloster Volkersberg. The former Franciscan monastery dating back to the 17th century is located in the suburb of Volkers and beautifully overlooks the hills of the western Rhön Mountains.

International relations[edit]

Bad Brückenau is twinned with:

References[edit]