Bad Fischau-Brunn

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Bad Fischau-Brunn
Bad Fischau Thermalbad Kirche.JPG
Coat of arms of Bad Fischau-Brunn
Coat of arms
Bad Fischau-Brunn is located in Austria
Bad Fischau-Brunn
Bad Fischau-Brunn
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 47°50′00″N 16°10′00″E / 47.83333°N 16.16667°E / 47.83333; 16.16667Coordinates: 47°50′00″N 16°10′00″E / 47.83333°N 16.16667°E / 47.83333; 16.16667
Country Austria
State Lower Austria
District Wiener Neustadt-Land
Government
 • Mayor Reinhard Knobloch (ÖVP)
Area
 • Total 20.66 km2 (7.98 sq mi)
Elevation 288 m (945 ft)
Population (1 January 2014)[1]
 • Total 3,085
 • Density 150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 2721
Area code 02639
Vehicle registration WB
Website www.bad-fischau-brunn.at

The market town of Bad Fischau-Brunn is an Austrian municipality in the district of Wiener Neustadt-Land in Lower Austria. It is situated some 50 km south of Vienna at the edge of Viennese Basin.

Bad Fischau-Brunn is divided into two Katastralgemeinden:[2]

  • Bad Fischau
  • Brunn an der Schneebergbahn.

History[edit]

The oldest traces of settlement in the area of the municipality date back to the Hallstatt culture (8th-6th century BC). A Roman road passed through the area, and the sources of Fischau were already used in the Roman era. The name Fischau was first mentioned in the 9th century. It was mentioned as a market town in 1166, and was site of the mint, too. However, it lost its importance after Wiener Neustadt, founded at the end of the 12th century, became the site of the mint.[3]

Exploitation of the mineral springs of Fischau took a rise in 1872, when the spa resort (Kristalltherme) was opened. It was rebuilt and expanded to its current state in 1900. The prefix "Bad" (spa town) has been added to the name in 1929.[3] The current market town was formed in 1969 by merging the municipalities of Brunn an der Schneebergbahn and Bad-Fischau.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1869 1,315 —    
1880 1,466 +11.5%
1890 1,496 +2.0%
1900 1,801 +20.4%
1910 1,909 +6.0%
1923 2,377 +24.5%
1934 2,024 −14.9%
1939 2,386 +17.9%
1951 2,182 −8.5%
1961 2,019 −7.5%
1971 2,133 +5.6%
1981 2,242 +5.1%
1991 2,502 +11.6%
2001 2,688 +7.4%
2011 2,997 +11.5%

Culture and sites of interest[edit]

  • The thermal springs (19 °C), dating from 1900 in its present form.
  • The church, built in the 12th century, received its present classicist shape in 1796-1798.[3]
  • The castle
  • The cave Eisensteinhöhle

References[edit]