|• Mayor||Peter Dolderer|
|• Total||24.70 km2 (9.54 sq mi)|
|Elevation||167 m (548 ft)|
|• Density||740/km2 (1,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Bad Friedrichshall (help·info) is a town in the district of Heilbronn in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. It is situated at the confluence of the Jagst and the Kocher into the Neckar, 10 km north of Heilbronn. Bad Friedrichshall arose by the connection of Kochendorf and Jagstfeld in 1933, and is famous for its salt-mine.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Politics
- 4 Culture and sights
- 5 Economy and infrastructure
- 6 Personalities
- 7 External links
- 8 References
Neighbouring towns and villages of Bad Friedrichshall are (clockwise from the south): Neckarsulm, Untereisesheim, Bad Wimpfen, Offenau, Gundelsheim, Neudenau, Neuenstadt am Kocher and Oedheim, which all belong to the district of Heilbronn. Bad Friedrichshall has combined with Oedheim and Offenau to form a joint association of administrations.
Bad Friedrichshall is subdivided into the parts of Kochendorf, Jagstfeld, Hagenbach, Duttenberg, Untergriesheim und Plattenwald. Heuchlingen is a hamlet and belongs to Duttenberg. The hamlets Waldau and Hasenmühle previously belonging to Hagenbach are parts of Kochendorf now.
Bad Friedrichshall arose in 1933 by the connection of Kochendorf and Jagstfeld. The name Friedrichshall is derived from a salt-works in Jagstfeld named by Frederick I in 1818. The term Bad is from a brine in Jagstfeld.
Situated at the confluence of the Kocher and the Neckar on a hill there was presumably a consolidated estate, around which people settled and let arise the village of Kochendorf, that was first mentioned in 817. The St. Sebastian church probably already existed before 1100. Around 1200 Kochendorf got bricked in. In the 13th century a gentry of Kochendorf appeared. It dealt with ministerialis of the Staufers in Wimpfen. In the 15th and 16th century the gentry let build three castles. In 1672 the Freiherrs of Saint-André bought a third of the village and let build a new castle on one of the former castle sites.
The Ritterkanton Odenwald, who was able to buy the whole village in 1762 from the former heirs, made Kochendorf as their chancellery and carried on a knightly hotel which doesn't exist anymore. In 1806 Kochendorf came to Württemberg as a free municipality. In 1899, a salt-works of the Salzwerke Heilbronn AG was opened.
Besides there was a big former Jewish parish. Jews are proved there living since the 16th century; a synagogue was built around 1740, which got replaced by a new construction in 1806. Until 1854 the parish grew onto 154 people and represented nearly 9% of the village population. However, the parish decreased by migration and emigration in the following time enormously. In 1880, there was just an amount of 71 Jewish inhabitants and in 1925 there were only 7 Jews. Then the synagogue was sold to the Protestant parish, the Jewish parish broke up even before 1933. Five of the last seven Jews in Kochendorf were killed by persecution in 1940-43.
Kochendorf got connected with the neighbouring Jagstfeld into Bad Friedrichshall in 1933. Two years later, Hagenbach was incorporated. In 1944, a subcamp of the Natzweiler-Struthof KZ was established by the SS in Kochendorf.
On June 17, 1951, Bad Friedrichshall was raised onto a town. On March 15, 1972, Duttenberg was incorporated. Untergriesheim followed on January 1, 1975. The district Plattenwald was rebuilt from 1992 until 1998 within the framework of a flat building program of the state Baden-Württemberg.
Following the municipal election of 13 June 2004, the district council of Bad Friedrichshall has 29 seats. The election result is as follows:
|FW Bad Friedrichshall||24.0%||(+4.0)||7||(+2)|
The mayor is also a member of the district council and its chairman.
In Untergriesheim, Duttenberg, and Plattenwald, there is also a village council of each of the villages. According to its suggestion the district council elects an honorary chairman for every village. These bodies are hear matters concerned to its village.
Arms and flag
The town’s colours are blue and white.
The Friedrichshalls coat of arms was originally arranged on December 1, 1936, between the town and Württemberg's archive direction. It connects the seal and weapon figures of Kochendorf and Jagstfeld. The three blue waves symbolize the rivers Neckar, Jagst and Kocher. The seal of Jagstfeld derived since 1797 shows a Fleckenzeichen.
The flag colours blue and white were laid down in 1951. Arms and flag were given by the ministry of the interior of Baden-Württemberg on March 4, 1963.
There are town twinnings with
- Saint-Jean-le-Blanc in the French Department Loiret (since 1989)
- Hohenmölsen in Saxony-Anhalt (since 1990)
- Isenbüttel in Lower Saxony (since 2002)
Culture and sights
- Lehen Castle (Kochendorf) was built in 1533 in the renaissance style instead of an old water castle and consists of a hotel today.
- The Greckenschloss (Kochendorf), built in 1602 by Wolf Conrad Greck II of Kochendorf served for different purposes after 1806. In 1829 it became private possession, at times there was put a cigar and liqueur factory. Besides the castle was a school and residential building. In present the castle is vacant and gets renovated.
- The St. Andre Castle was built in 1710 by the same-named Freiherrs, owning from 1672 until 1762 a third of Kochendorf. In the today's building instead of the castle there's a notary's office.
- The old town hall of Kochendorf was built in half-timbering in 1597 and received its present form by a renovation in 1890. Once the ground floor consisted a covered market. Within its large history the building also was a cancellery of the Ritterkanton Odenwald, whose weapon still adorns the gable side. Later it was a police station. The interior is heavily in need of renovation and serves for residential purposes today.
- The Protestant Sebastianskirche is valid to be the oldest building in Kochendorf and presumably arose before 1100. The former bricked church was first mentioned in 1294 and consisted different valuable monuments, which got destroyed by fighting actions in World War II.
- The old wine press of Kochendorf, built in 1553, used as a gym since 1920, is a venue of the Lehen Castle today.
- Wendelinus Tower (Jagstfeld)
- Heuchlingen Castle (Duttenberg), agricultural state domain
- old town hall of Hagenbach, built around 1800 instead of the former Hagenbach Castle
- cemetery chapel (Hagenbach) from the 16th century
- also characterising to Bad Friedrichshall (Kochendorf) is the salt-mine which can be visited
- Kilianimarkt, market every year at the beginning of July
- Wald- und Bockbierfest, celebration every year at the last weekend of July and the first one of August
Economy and infrastructure
Bad Friedrichshall-Jagstfeld is an important railway junction, which represented a border station of Baden and Württemberg between 1869 and 1920. Today this is visible by the large railway yard, since the station building was situated in the middle.
At Bad Friedrichshall-Jagstfeld station the Elsenz Valley Railway and the Neckar Valley Railway (from Heidelberg via Sinsheim and Mosbach respectively) connect with the Franconia Railway from Stuttgart to Würzburg. There was also the Lower Kocher Valley Railway to Ohrnberg until 1993.
In Kochendorf and Untergriesheim there are further stations of the Franconia Railway, only served by RegionalBahn trains. Duttenberg-Obergriesheim station on the same line was closed in 1971.
The Südwestdeutsche Salzwerke AG (SWS) carried on the salt-mine Kochendorf from 1899 until 1994, which created a hollow space below Bad Friedrichshall and Neckarsulm of about 12 million m³. In 1901 the shaft was christened to William II. Since the mine had just one shaft at its disposal, a 3.7 km long subterranean connection to the plant of Heilbronn maintained by the same factory was built in 1984. It was built as a further possibility to evacuate in case of emergency. Since 1994 until 2015 the mine will be filled with rubble and hazardous waste. However, a visitor's mine is still opened - there you can visit a subterranean dome hall of the 1920s.
The factory Richard Hengstenberg GmbH & Co. KG produces conserves in Kochendorf. The factory Hänel Büro- und Lagersysteme founded in 1953 takes action in the production of storekeeping systems consisting subsidiaries in Wiesentheid, the Swiss Altstätten SG and further ones abroad. The Zahnradfabrik Hänel belongs to the same group producing cogwheels.
About happenings in Bad Friedrichshall the Heilbronner Stimme (edition north-middle) and the official paper Friedrichshaller Rundblick are reporting.
In Plattenwald there's the Klinikum am Plattenwald (district hospital) consisting 422 beds.
In Bad Friedrichshall there are six primary schools in Duttenberg, Hagenbach, Höchstberg-Untergriesheim, Jagstfeld, Kochendorf and Plattenwald. Besides there's a Hauptschule and Werkrealschule, the Otto-Klenert-Realschule and the Friedrich-von-Alberti-Gymnasium. Bad Friedrichshall has also a city library at its disposal.
- June 18, 1913, Hermann Müller, † December 28, 1991 in Schwäbisch Hall, German politician (FDP/DVP), MdL (Baden-Württemberg), minister of finance of Baden-Württemberg
- 1930, Hans Schreiner, German painter and professor of art
- May 5, 1939, Hermann Mühlbeyer, politician of the CDU, permanent secretary
- 1977, Sebastian Deyle, actor
- [Statistisches Bundesamt – Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012 (XLS-Datei; 4,0 MB) (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011) "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012"]. Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 12 November 2013.
- This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.