Bad Reichenhall

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Bad Reichenhall
Former town hall
Former town hall
Coat of arms of Bad Reichenhall
Coat of arms
Bad Reichenhall   is located in Germany
Bad Reichenhall
Bad Reichenhall
Coordinates: 47°43′29″N 12°52′37″E / 47.72472°N 12.87694°E / 47.72472; 12.87694Coordinates: 47°43′29″N 12°52′37″E / 47.72472°N 12.87694°E / 47.72472; 12.87694
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Oberbayern
District Berchtesgadener Land
Government
 • Lord Mayor Herbert Lackner (CSU)
Area
 • Total 39.44 km2 (15.23 sq mi)
Elevation 473 m (1,552 ft)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 17,137
 • Density 430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 83435
Dialling codes 08651
Vehicle registration BGL (until 1979: REI)
Website www.stadt-bad-reichenhall.de

Bad Reichenhall is a spa town, and administrative center of the Berchtesgadener Land district in Upper Bavaria, Germany. It is located near Salzburg in a basin encircled by the Chiemgauer Alps (including Mount Staufen (1,771 m) and Mount Zwiesel (1,781 m)). Together with other Alpine towns Bad Reichenhall engages in the Alpine Town of the Year Association for the implementation of the Alpine Convention to achieve sustainable development in the Alpine Arc. Bad Reichenhall was awarded Alpine Town of the Year 2001.

Bad Reichenhall is a traditional center of salt production, obtained by evaporating water saturated with salt from brine ponds.

History[edit]

  • The earliest known inhabitants of this area are the tribes of the Glockenbecher-Culture (a Bronze Age Culture, from about 2000 B.C.)
  • In the age of the La Tene culture (about 450 B.C.) organized salt production commenced utilizing the local brine pools. In the same period a Celtic place of worship is placed at the "Langacker"
  • From 15 B.C to 480 A.D, the city is part of a Roman province, Noricum
  • 1136 A.D bought the founding of a monastery St. Zeno
  • In 1617-1619, a wooden pipeline for brine exportation to Traunstein was built, with a length of 31 km, and more than 200 m in altitude difference
  • In 1834, two thirds of the city's buildings were destroyed by a major fire
  • The early 19th century saw the beginning of tourism, with Reichenhall becoming a famous health resort
  • From 1890, Reichenhall is now called "Bad Reichenhall"
  • On 25 April 1945, the area was bombed by allied forces, 200 people were killed. The town centre with many hospitals and the train station was nearly totally destroyed, the barracks didn't suffer any damage. After World War II the area was under American military governance (1945–1948)
  • On 8 May 1945, a dozen French POWs from the SS Division Charlemagne were executed without trial on the orders of General Leclerc.
  • On 1 November 1999, 16-year-old Martin Peyerl shot at people in the streets from his bedroom window, killing three and wounding several others, among them actor Günter Lamprecht. He finally committed suicide after fatally shooting his sister and the family cat.

Ice rink disaster[edit]

Fifteen people, twelve of them children, died in the collapse of the Bad Reichenhall Ice Rink on 2 January 2006. Thirty-four people were injured in the accident.[2]

Notable people from Bad Reichenhall[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]