Bad Sooden-Allendorf

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bad Sooden-Allendorf
Coat of arms of Bad Sooden-Allendorf
Coat of arms
Bad Sooden-Allendorf is located in Germany
Bad Sooden-Allendorf
Bad Sooden-Allendorf
Coordinates: 51°17′N 09°59′E / 51.283°N 9.983°E / 51.283; 9.983Coordinates: 51°17′N 09°59′E / 51.283°N 9.983°E / 51.283; 9.983
Country Germany
State Hesse
Admin. region Kassel
District Werra-Meißner-Kreis
Government
 • Mayor Frank Hix
Area
 • Total 73.53 km2 (28.39 sq mi)
Elevation 265 m (869 ft)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 8,272
 • Density 110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 37242
Dialling codes 05652
Vehicle registration ESW
Website www.bad-sooden-allendorf.de

Bad Sooden-Allendorf is a town in the Werra-Meißner-Kreis in Hesse, Germany.

Geography[edit]

View over Bad Sooden-Allendorf

Location[edit]

The spa town of Bad Sooden-Allendorf lies in the Werra valley near the Hoher Meißner, right on the boundary with Thuringia, almost at Germany’s geographical centre, 33 km east of Kassel.

Neighbouring communities[edit]

Bad Sooden-Allendorf borders in the north on the communities of Lindewerra, Wahlhausen and Asbach-Sickenberg, in the east on the communities of Wiesenfeld und Volkerode (all in Thuringia’s Eichsfeld district), in the south on the community of Meinhard, the town of Eschwege and the community of Berkatal, in the west on the town of Großalmerode and in the northwest on the town of Witzenhausen (all in the Werra-Meißner-Kreis).

Constituent communities[edit]

Besides the main town, which is also called Bad Sooden-Allendorf, the town has nine other Stadtteile named Ahrenberg, Dudenrode, Ellershausen, Hilgershausen, Kammerbach, Kleinvach, Oberrieden, Orferode and Höfe-Weiden. The main town itself is divided into Sooden and Allendorf, the former of which is west of the railway tracks.

History[edit]

The place has existed since at least the late 8th century. This is confirmed by one of the Frankish king Charlemagne’s donation documents, which historians have dated to some time between 776 and 779. With this document, Charlemagne transferred the saltsprings, the saltpans, the saltworkers, the market, the tribute and the toll of the settlement of Westera to the Fulda Abbey. The settlement’s name refers to its location on the western border with Thuringia, which still runs through here today.

Allendorf - excerpt from the Topographia Hassiae by Matthäus Merian 1655

In April 1637, during the Thirty Years' War, the Geleen and Count Isolani Croatian regiments attacked the town, whereby the town was burnt almost right down. Even the two churches and the town hall were destroyed. The council estate – built wholly out of stone – withstood the great town fire, and still remains preserved today as the town’s oldest building.

Pedestrian precinct in Bad Sooden-Allendorf
Spa hall entrance area

For more than a thousand years, until the late 19th century, salt was extracted from brine at the saltworks by boiling. The brine was brought up from a deposit under the town. The breaking of the salt monopoly in the wake of annexation by Prussia in 1866 led to a fall in price, which in turn led to the industry’s end. The last salt was produced in 1906.

Along with the downfall of the saltworks, however, came the discovery of the brine’s healing properties, and thus began the spa industry, with a bathhouse opening on 1 June 1881.

Still today, the time of saltmaking is remembered with the Brunnenfest (“Well Festival”) held yearly at Whitsun, when salt is extracted from brine by boiling in an historically authentic process to demonstrate how salt was produced. In a salt museum, the salt is then sold; presented there, as well, is the history of saltmaking.

St. Crucius Church in Allendorf
St. Marien Church in Bad Sooden

Modernization[edit]

At the turn of the millennium, the graduation tower was dismantled and completely rebuilt. In late 2005, a new bathhouse with a big sauna area was finished, to lure privately paying guests to town. In April 2007, a new event hall for conventions and concerts was opened. Even the street layout was changed. Since that time there has been no more direct link between Sooden-Nord and Sooden-Süd. Traffic must turn off and take the bypass road through the industrial area. Furthermore, the railway station is currently reduced to two tracks and is being modernized with the goal of establishing a direct link to Sooden. Through these measures the town hopes to work against the downturn in the spa operations by making the bathhouse and spa area easier to reach and making it into a pedestrian precinct.

Politics[edit]

Town council[edit]

The municipal election held on 26 March 2006 yielded the following results:

Parties and voter communities %
2006
Seats
2006
%
2001
Seats
2001
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 41.8 13 38.8 12
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 36.8 11 32.7 10
GREENS Bündnis 90/Die Grünen 9.1 3 9.5 3
FWG Freie Wählergemeinschaft 7.6 2 10.0 3
FDP Free Democratic Party 4.7 2 5.9 2
REP The Republicans 3.1 1
Total 100 31 100 31
Voter turnout in % 53.9 55.4

Mayors[edit]

The town’s mayor is Frank Hix (Party of CDU). He won the mayoral contest on 2 November 2008 between him and Thomas Giese (Party of SPD).

List of former mayors of Allendorf (up to the union with Sooden in 1929) and of Bad Sooden-Allendorf (from 1929):

  • Frank Hix (since 2009)
  • Ronald Gundlach (March 1997 to 2009)
  • Erich Giese (1991 to 1997)
  • Rolf Jenther (1984 to resign in 1991, shortly after the re-election)
  • Rolf Erich Barié (1978-1984)
  • Gerhard rake (1960-1978)
  • Fritz Franke (April 1946 to 1960, acting since September 1945)
  • Wilhelm Siebert (June 1945-September 1945)
  • Fritz Haase (April 1945-June 1945)
  • Cornelius Bents (January 1945 to April 1945)
  • Ferdinand Schneider (May 1930-December 1944)
  • Dr. jur. Karl Eulert (August 1925-April 1930)
  • Charles Leimbach (December 1923 to July 1925, City Treasurer / Acting Mayor)
  • Adolf Müller (January 1898-December 1923)
  • Georg Ludwig Oeste (June 1877-July 1897)
  • Leutnand A.D. Hugo Jesse (January 1874-May 1876)
  • Kroeschell Otto Heinrich (1853-1873)
  • Christian August Seyl (1834-1852)
  • Lorenz Heinrich Stephan (1808 to 1813 but no mayor mayor, during the Westphalian time)
  • Barthold Storm (+ -1650)

The following list shows the names of the families of the 19th century - since about 1400 - the owner, almost "tenant" in the Mayor's Office in Allendort (it does not claim to be exhaustive, sorted alphabetically with no annual figures). They were the patricians, the City Council:

Brandt, Breul, Casselmann, Cörper/Corper, Deichmann, Diede, Dietz, Dörr, Eschstruht, Frohn, Gaule, Gehrung, Gille, Grau, Grebe, Grunewald, Gundlach, Haas, von Haagen, Hupfeld, Hüter, Iring, von Jossa, Isenhuth, Kirchmeyer, Klinkerfuß, Königsee, Kraft, Kröschell, Lappe, Lutemann, Marold, Mattenberg, Meinhard, Jost Motz (um 1620), Müller, Neuenroth, Niedenstein, Geißler Praesendt (um 1585), Prediger, Quentel, Ruland, Saame, Schaffnicht, Heinrich Schaub (um 1440), Schmidt, Schnödde, Stephan, Storm, Thaurer, Tholde, Thorey, Valentin, Vielmeder, Vietor, Wagner, Weber, Wehr, Wissenbach, Wolff[2]

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of Arms of Allendorf
The town’s arms might be described thus: Gules a town wall embattled with gate tower and four towers within (used from the old Allendorf Coat of Arms), the whole argent with roofs azure, in the gateway arch a saltpan hook and a Berlaff (wooden spoon for hastening brine evaporation, used from the old Sooden Coat of Arms) in saltire Or.

The arms were approved by the State Archive in 1931.

Coat of Arms of  Sooden

Town partnerships[edit]

Bad Sooden-Allendorf maintains partnership arrangements with these towns:

Culture and sightseeing[edit]

Museums[edit]

  • Schifflersgrund Border Museum
This museum stands right on the former “death strip” between East and West Germany, although nowadays it is only the boundary between Hesse and Thuringia. It houses, besides old border installations and a range of old military vehicles and helicopters, a visual and detailed history of the Inner German Border.

Buildings[edit]

Bad Sooden, floodlighting 2007
  • “Well Before the Gate”
This became the subject of a well known German folksong Am Brunnen vor dem Tore. The well with the linden tree – also mentioned in the song – is still preserved, and the gate was rebuilt in 1997.
  • Graduation tower
Ths is one of Germany’s last graduation towers, having been thoroughly overhauled in the last ten years, and is a popular recreation spot.
  • Werratal-Therme (“Werra Valley Bathhouse”)
This is a bathhouse with brine, sauna and outdoor area. The graduation tower can be reached from here without leaving the bathhouse area.
  • Diebesturm (“Thief’s Tower”)
  • Historic timber-frame Old Town

Regular events[edit]

Frau Holle on the Hoher Meißner

Bad Sooden-Allendorf is nationally known for the Erntedank- und Heimatfest (roughly “Thanksgiving and Homeland Festival”), which is celebrated each year through the third weekend in August (Friday to Tuesday). Above all, it is popular for its many traditions, having been celebrated for more than a hundred years with the same programme. The highlights are:

  • Street festival in the Old Town (Friday), midway on the festival square (Saturday to Tuesday)
  • Torchlight procession followed by a military tattoo and the festival of lights (“Werra in Flames”)
  • Triolett dance, a round dance with two threesomes
  • Spanisch Fricco – food
  • Great festival parade on Sunday
  • Rich decoration of the town with garlands and harvest crowns made of grain

Every year in the week after Easter, the traditional Märchenwoche (“Fairytale Week”) is held in Bad Sooden-Allendorf. Many events such as “fairytale evenings” and theatrical productions bring fairy tales into the world, framed by daily appearances by fairytale characters in the spa park. At the focus stands Frau Holle, who is said to have lived on the nearby Hoher Meißner and to have daily shaken the featherbeds out in the historic Söder Tor (“Sooden Gate”)

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Transport[edit]

Media[edit]

  • The Witzenhäuser Allgemeine, a local edition of the Hessische/Niedersächsische Allgemeine, appears as a daily newspaper.
  • Moreover, the MB-Media-Verlag (publisher), which through the Ippen Group likewise belongs to Hessische/Niedersächsische Allgemeine, publishes two weekly newspapers named Marktspiegel and Extra-Tip, which do not, however, give themselves over to quite as many regional issues as many other tabloids.
  • Publication of the BSA-Kurier, an advertising paper for the local Kurpark-Hotel, whose fliers in the end were also acquired by Hessische/Niedersächsische Allgemeine, has been suspended. Club reports and cultural announcements were found in this paper.
  • A Stadtblättchen is published by Verlag Linus-Wittich for a few subscribing customers.
  • Furthermore, the local radio station Rundfunk Meißner (RFM), named after the nearby mountain, Hoher Meißner, can be picked up in town.

Education[edit]

Bad Sooden-Allendorf offers with the primary school Am Brunnen vor dem Tore (classes 1 to 4) and the Rhenanusschule (classes 5 to 13) a full range of education without changing location or daily travel, something that can no longer be taken for granted in the Werra-Meißner-Kreis. Integrated into the Rhenanusschule is a sport Gymnasium with adjoining boarding school, which once produced famous sportsmen.

With a location of the Bernd-Blindow-Schulen, the town has for some years also been a university town.

Famous people[edit]

  • Burkard Waldis, humanistic poet
  • Wilhelm Speck, poet
  • Johannes Rhenanus, Evangelical clergyman and writer
  • Wilhelm Müller, romantic poet, wrote here among other things the beginning of the song Das Wandern ist des Müllers Lust.
  • Eberhardt Eichner, superintendent

References[edit]

External links[edit]


This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.