1988 tour logo
|World tour by Michael Jackson|
|Start date||September 12, 1987|
|End date||January 27, 1989|
|Shows||54 in North America
41 in Europe
23 in Asia
5 in Australia
|Michael Jackson concert chronology|
Bad was the first concert tour by American recording artist Michael Jackson, launched in support of his seventh studio album of the same name (1987). Sponsored by Pepsi and spanning 16 months, the tour included 123 concerts to 4.4 million fans across 15 countries making it the second highest grossing tour of 1987. In April 1989, the tour was nominated for "Tour of the Year 1988" at the inaugural International Rock Awards. A live album and DVD of the July 16, 1988 concert in London titled Live at Wembley July 16, 1988 was released along with the special edition reissue of the Bad album titled Bad 25 on September 18, 2012, as well as a stand-alone DVD.
First leg (1987)
On June 29, 1987, Jackson's manager Frank DiLeo announced the singer's plan to embark on his first solo world concert tour. Sponsored by Pepsi, the tour began in Japan, marking Jackson's first performances in the country since 1973 as part of The Jackson 5. The first nine scheduled concerts that began on September 12 sold out within hours, and five more were added due to high demand. Over 600 journalists, cameramen and fans waited for Jackson's arrival to the country at Tokyo's Narita International Airport. His pet chimpanzee Bubbles, who took a separate flight, was greeted by more than 300 people. A chartered jumbo jet was used to carry 22 truckloads of equipment, along with Jackson's entourage of 132 for the tour. The stage set used 700 lights, 100 speakers, 40 lasers, three mirrors and two 24-by-18 foot screens. Performers wore 70 costumes, four of which were attached with fiber optic lights.
While in Tokyo, Australian pop music critic Molly Meldrum conducted an exclusive interview Jackson and DiLeo that was featured on 60 Minutes in the United States. On September 18, Jackson was handed the Key to the City by Yasushi Oshima, the mayor of Osaka. He was accompanied by Bubbles, who was the first animal allowed inside the city's town hall. Jackson dedicated his Japanese concerts to Yoshiaki Hagiwara, a five-year-old boy who was kidnapped and murdered, and gave £12,000 to the parents of Hagiwara. Attendance figures for the first 14 dates in Japan totalled a record-breaking 450,000. Crowds of 200,000 were what past performers could manage to draw for a single tour. Nippon Television was a co-sponsor with Pepsi for the Japanese dates.
In October 1987, scheduled shows in Perth and Adelaide in Australia were cancelled. A New Zealand leg was also scrapped. Kevin Jacobson, the tour's promoter, put it down to financial reasons with the original schedule having to cost $8 million to stage. Jackson performed five concerts in Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane in Australia in November. While off stage, he spent time visiting sick children at their homes in the Sydney suburbs.
Second leg (1988–1989)
Rehearsals for the tour's second leg took place at the Pensacola Civic Center in Pensacola, Florida from January 22 to February 18, 1988. On the last day of preparation, Jackson allowed 420 school pupils to watch him rehearse after the children made him a rap music video in his honour. The first performances were to begin in Atlanta, Georgia, yet Pepsi officials objected as the city was home to rival drinks company Coca-Cola. For both Atlanta shows, Jackson gave 100 tickets to the Children's Wish Foundation for terminally ill children. The first of three concerts at Madison Square Garden in New York City in March served as a benefit to raise $500,000 to the United Negro College Fund. Jackson presented a check of $600,000 to the fund.
Jackson began his European tour in Rome at the Flaminio Stadium on May 23, 1988. Police and security guards rescued hundreds of fans from being crushed in the crowd of 30,000. Police reported 130 women fainted at the concert in Vienna on June 2. A scheduled performance in Lyon was cancelled after 16,000 of a planned 30,000 tickets were sold. On June 17, Jackson travelled to the town of Vevey to meet Oona O'Neill, the widow of comic actor Charlie Chaplin. "I have fulfilled my biggest childhood dream", said Jackson after the visit. The most successful of the European dates were those in London at Wembley Stadium. Ticket demand for the five July dates exceeded 1.5 million, enough to fill the 72,000 capacity venue 20 times. Jackson performed seven sold out shows, beating the previous record held by Madonna, Bruce Springsteen and Genesis. More shows could have been added, but the venue had reached its quota for live performances. The third concert on July 16 was attended by Diana, Princess of Wales and Prince Charles. On September 8, Jackson was entered into the Guinness World Records, the first of three times from the tour alone. The Wembley shows were attended by a record 504,000 people. Management also presented him with a special award. On July 30, NBC aired Michael Jackson Around the World, a 90-minute special documenting the singer on tour. On August 29, after a birthday performance in Leeds, Jackson donated $130,000 to Give For Life. The final European show was held in Liverpool on September 11, staged at Aintree Racecourse. 1,550 fans were reported injured among the crowd of 125,000.
In September 1988, Jackson toured the United States for the second time. On October 23, he donated $125,000, the net proceeds to first show in Detroit, to the city's Motown Museum. Three concerts in Tacoma, Washington were cancelled after Jackson came down with the flu. The tour was planned to end in Tokyo, but Jackson suffered from swollen vocal cords after the first of six concerts in Los Angeles in November. The remaining five were rescheduled for January 1989. During the December 11 show in Tokyo, nine-year old Ayana Takada was selected to receive a certificate by Jackson to commemorate the four millionth person to attend the tour.
Five performances in Los Angeles were held to conclude the tour on January 27, 1989. In 16 months, Jackson performed 123 concerts in 15 countries to an audience of 4.4 million for a total gross of $125 million. The American tour alone grossed a total of $20.3 million, the sixth largest of the year. Guinness World Records recognized the tour as the largest grossing in history and the tour to play to the most people ever. In April 1989, the tour was nominated for "Tour of the Year 1988" at the inaugural International Rock Awards. It lost to Amnesty International.
- Stevie Wonder made a surprise appearance at the November 28, 1987 Brisbane concert during the song "Bad".
- The "Bad Groove" interlude involved the band playing an extended instrumental of "It's Gonna Be a Beautiful Night" by Prince from his 1987 album Sign o' the Times. The second leg piece grew longer and an instrumental of "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" from Jackson's 1979 album Off the Wall was added. The band members also perform their own solo with keyboards first, followed by bass guitar then drums. During the second leg spots in the interlude session varied, such as the additional solo from guitarist Jon Clark.
- In some shows of the second North American leg, Jackson occasionally changed the order of the setlist. Usually two or more songs of the first 9 songs would be moved, such as "Human Nature" and "Smooth Criminal" following "Another Part of Me" instead of "I Just Can't Stop Loving You" and "She's Out of My Life".
- For his March 1988 performances at Madison Square Garden in New York, Steve Stevens (Guitar - Billy Idol) performed on "Dirty Diana" as he had on the recording.
- A performance of Dirty Diana, taken from the March 3, 1988 performance at Madison Square Garden in New York was released as a seven-minute long live music video. It is considered the alternative music video of the song.
- Princess Diana and Prince Charles attended the July 16 show at Wembley Stadium. "Dirty Diana" was meant to be taken out of the setlist because Jackson thought that it would offend her Royal Highness, but to Jackson's surprise the Princess stated backstage that "Dirty Diana" was her favorite song of Jackson's, so Jackson decided to perform the song.
- During the tour, Jackson performed "I Just Can't Stop Loving You" live on stage with background vocalist Sheryl Crow.
- "The Way You Make Me Feel" was taken out of the setlist on rare occasions due to some shows starting late or other unknown reasons. When this occurred, "Man in the Mirror" was performed in the black "Bad" jacket. Dates the song was skipped include the July 16th, 1988 Wembley show and the March 5, 1988 show in New York.
- At every tour stop, during "She's Out of My Life", one girl was randomly picked out of the crowd (usually front row) and was allowed to dance with Jackson on stage.
- During the last concert dates at the Los Angeles Sports Arena, Jackson wore a white shirt during "The Way You Make Me Feel" and "Man in the Mirror" instead of the usual blue shirt.
|September 12, 1987||Tokyo||Japan||Korakuen Stadium|
|September 13, 1987|
|September 14, 1987|
|September 19, 1987||Nishinomiya||Hankyu Nishinomiya Stadium|
|September 20, 1987|
|September 21, 1987|
|September 25, 1987||Yokohama||Yokohama Stadium|
|September 26, 1987|
|September 27, 1987|
|October 3, 1987|
|October 4, 1987|
|October 10, 1987||Osaka||Osaka Stadium|
|October 11, 1987|
|October 12, 1987|
|November 13, 1987||Melbourne||Australia||Olympic Park Stadium|
|November 20, 1987||Sydney||Parramatta Stadium|
|November 21, 1987|
|November 27, 1987||Brisbane||Brisbane Entertainment Centre|
|November 28, 1987|
|February 23, 1988||Kansas City||United States||Kemper Arena|
|February 24, 1988|
|March 3, 1988||New York City||Madison Square Garden|
|March 4, 1988|
|March 5, 1988|
|March 13, 1988||St. Louis||St. Louis Arena|
|March 18, 1988||Indianapolis||Market Square Arena|
|March 19, 1988|
|March 20, 1988||Louisville||Freedom Hall|
|March 24, 1988||Denver||McNichols Sports Arena|
|March 25, 1988|
|March 26, 1988|
|March 30, 1988||Hartford||Hartford Civic Arena|
|March 31, 1988|
|April 1, 1988|
|April 8, 1988||Houston||The Summit|
|April 9, 1988|
|April 10, 1988|
|April 13, 1988||Atlanta||Omni Coliseum|
|April 14, 1988|
|April 15, 1988|
|April 19, 1988||Rosemont||Rosemont Horizon|
|April 20, 1988|
|April 21, 1988|
|April 25, 1988||Dallas||Reunion Arena|
|April 26, 1988|
|April 27, 1988|
|May 4, 1988||Minneapolis||Met Center|
|May 5, 1988|
|May 6, 1988|
|May 23, 1988||Rome||Italy||Stadio Flaminio|
|May 24, 1988|
|May 29, 1988||Turin||Stadio Olimpico di Torino|
|June 2, 1988||Vienna||Austria||Prater Stadium|
|June 5, 1988||Rotterdam||Netherlands||Feijenoord Stadium|
|June 6, 1988|
|June 7, 1988|
|June 11, 1988||Gothenburg||Sweden||Eriksberg Docks Grounds|
|June 12, 1988|
|June 16, 1988||Basel||Switzerland||St. Jakob Stadium|
|June 19, 1988||West Berlin||—||Reichstag Grounds|
|June 27, 1988||Paris||France||Parc des Princes Stadium|
|June 28, 1988|
|July 1, 1988||Hamburg||West Germany||Volkspark Stadium|
|July 3, 1988||Cologne||Mungersdorfer Stadium|
|July 8, 1988||Munich||Olympic Stadium|
|July 10, 1988||Hockenheim||Hockenheimring|
|July 14, 1988||London||England||Wembley Stadium|
|July 15, 1988|
|July 16, 1988|
|July 22, 1988|
|July 23, 1988|
|July 26, 1988||Cardiff||Wales||Cardiff Arms Park|
|July 30, 1988||Cork||Ireland||Páirc Uí Chaoimh|
|July 31, 1988|
|August 5, 1988||Marbella||Spain||Municipal Stadium|
|August 7, 1988||Madrid||Vincente Calderon Stadium|
|August 9, 1988||Barcelona||Nou Camp Stadium|
|August 12, 1988||Montpellier||France||Stade Richter|
|August 14, 1988||Nice||Stade Charles Ehrmann|
|August 19, 1988||Lausanne||Switzerland||La Pontaise|
|August 21, 1988||Würzburg||West Germany||Talavera Weisen|
|August 23, 1988||Werchter||Belgium||Werchter Festival Grounds|
|August 26, 1988||London||England||Wembley Stadium|
|August 27, 1988|
|August 29, 1988||Leeds||Roundhay Park|
|September 2, 1988||Hanover||West Germany||Niedersachsen Stadium|
|September 4, 1988||Gelsenkirchen||Park Stadium|
|September 6, 1988||Linz||Austria||Linzer Stadium|
|September 10, 1988||Milton Keynes||England||The Bowl|
|September 11, 1988||Liverpool||Aintree Racecourse|
|September 26, 1988||Pittsburgh||United States||Civic Arena|
|September 27, 1988|
|September 28, 1988|
|October 3, 1988||East Rutherford||Meadowlands Arena|
|October 4, 1988|
|October 5, 1988|
|October 10, 1988||Cleveland||Richfield Coliseum|
|October 11, 1988|
|October 13, 1988||Landover||Capital Center|
|October 17, 1988|
|October 18, 1988|
|October 19, 1988|
|October 24, 1988||Detroit||The Palace of Auburn Hills|
|October 25, 1988|
|October 26, 1988|
|November 7, 1988||Irvine||Irvine Meadows Amphitheater|
|November 8, 1988|
|November 9, 1988|
|November 13, 1988||Los Angeles||Memorial Sports Arena|
|December 9, 1988||Tokyo||Japan||Tokyo Dome|
|December 10, 1988|
|December 11, 1988|
|December 17, 1988|
|December 18, 1988|
|December 19, 1988|
|December 24, 1988|
|December 25, 1988|
|December 26, 1988|
|January 16, 1989||Los Angeles||United States||Memorial Sports Arena|
|January 17, 1989|
|January 18, 1989|
|January 26, 1989|
|January 27, 1989|
Planned concerts, cancellations and postponements
The cancellations and postponements were mostly caused by serious health reasons. According to the sources, the planned, cancelled and postponed concerts were as follows:
- 10/08/87: Osaka, Japan, Osaka Stadium; Rescheduled to October 11, 1987. (Due to Jackson having Laryngitis.)
- 10/09/87: Osaka, Japan, Osaka Stadium; Rescheduled to October 12, 1987. (Due to Jackson having Laryngitis.)
- A 11/03/87: Perth, Australia, W.A.C.A. Oval; (This concert was discontinued 28 October 1987, because the Cricket Association refused permission for chairs to be placed on the playing fields.)
- B 11/08/87: Adelaide, Australia, Thebarton Oval; (This concert was discontinued 28 October 1987, because the Cricket Association refused permission for chairs to be placed on the playing fields.)
- C 12/02/87: Wellington, New Zealand, Athletic Park; (This concert was discontinued 29 October 1987, because the Cricket Association refused permission for chairs to be placed on the playing fields.) 
- D 12/06/87: Auckland, New Zealand, Mt Smart Stadium (This concert was discontinued 29 October 1987, because the Cricket Association refused permission for chairs to be placed on the playing fields.)
- E 03/12/88: St. Louis, United States, St. Louis Arena; Rescheduled to March 14, 1988. CANCELLED (This sold out concert was cancelled due to ongoing Laryngitis.)
- F 06/23/88: Lyon, France, Stade de Gerland; CANCELLED (16,000 tickets of 30,000 were sold and therefore this show was cancelled.)
- 08/09/88: Montpellier, France, Stade Richter; Rescheduled to August 12, 1988. (Due to tour restructuring.)
- G 10/31/88: Tacoma, Washington, Tacoma Dome; CANCELLED (Although this concert was sold out, it was never rescheduled.)
- G 11/01/88: Tacoma, United States, Tacoma Dome; CANCELLED (Although this concert was sold out, it was never rescheduled.)
- G 11/02/88: Tacoma, United States, Tacoma Dome; CANCELLED (Although this concert was sold out, it was never rescheduled.)
- 11/14/88: Los Angeles, United States, Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena; Rescheduled to January 16, 1989.
- 11/15/88: Los Angeles, United States, Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena; Rescheduled to January 17, 1989.
- 11/20/88: Los Angeles, United States, Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena; Rescheduled to January 18, 1989.
- 11/21/88: Los Angeles, United States, Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena; Rescheduled to January 26, 1989.
- 11/22/88: Los Angeles, United States, Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena; Rescheduled to January 27, 1989.
- There were some initial plans to take the tour to Cincinnati, OH; Birmingham, AL; Chapel Hill, NC; Mannheim, Germany (the concert was moved to Hockenheim, Germany); Darmstadt, Germany (the concert was moved to Würzburg, Germany). These plans were later suspended.
Sony released a Bad tour concert from Wembley Stadium, London, which was filmed on July 16, 1988. The concert film titled Live at Wembley July 16, 1988 was officially released on DVD on September 18, 2012. A concert recorded by Nippon TV filmed in Yokohama Stadium, Japan, September 26, 1987, was televised in many countries.
- "25th Anniversary of Michael Jackson's Landmark Album Bad Celebrated With September 18 Release Of New Bad 25 Packages". Sony Music. michaeljackson.com. Retrieved 2012-05-31.
- "Jackson sets solo world tour". The Miami News. June 30, 1987. Retrieved October 1, 2010.
- Campbell 1993, p. 186.
- "Michael Jackson's new tour to start in Japan". Manila Standard. July 2, 1987. Retrieved September 29, 2010.
- Campbell 1993, p. 208.
- Bad Tour Programme (1988), Far East Report
- "TheMichaelJacksonArchives – Bad Japan Tour 1987". Geraldine Hosier. News of the World. 1987.
- "Michael Jackson craze hits Japan". New Straits Times. September 12, 1987. Retrieved September 29, 2010.
- "TheMichaelJacksonArchives – Bad Japan Tour 1987". Unknown publisher, editor and date.
- "Jackson to Make First Solo U.S. Tour". Richard Harrington (The Washington Post). January 12, 1988.
- "Bad tour news". The Age. October 30, 1987. Retrieved September 29, 2010.
- Snider, Eric (January 15, 1988). "'Bad' tour: Pensacola is southern limit". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved December 11, 2009.
- Campbell 1993, p. 212.
- Campbell 1993, p. 213.
- Decurtis, Anthony (February 10, 1988). "Michael Jackson plans U.S., European tours". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved September 30, 2010.
- Campbell 1993, p. 189.
- "Michael Jackson". Gettysburg Times. May 25, 1988. Retrieved September 30, 2010.
- "130 fans faint at Jackson concert". The Telegraph. June 4, 1988. Retrieved September 30, 2010.
- "Jackson's French tour lags". St. Petersburg Times. June 20, 1988. Retrieved September 30, 2010.
- "Michael Jackson Oona Chaplin". Gettysburg Times. June 20, 1988. Retrieved September 30, 2010.
- Campbell 1993, p. 216.
- Campbell 1993, p. 217.
- Halstead 2003, p. 80.
- "Stay up tonight to catch Michael Jackson on tour". Boca Raton News. July 30, 1988. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
- "1,550 injured at Jackson concert". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. September 12, 1988. Retrieved September 30, 2010.
- "Michael Jackson Donates $125,000 to Motown Museum". The Argus-Press. October 24, 1988. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
- "Jackson concert cancelled". Ellensburg Daily Record. October 31, 1988. Retrieved September 30, 2010.
- "Jackson greets 4 millionth fan". Anchorage Daily News. December 12, 1988. Retrieved September 30, 2010.
- Campbell 1993, p. 236.
- "Michael's Last Tour". Ebony. April 1989. pp. 142–153. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
- Halstead 2003, p. 85.
- John Peel (2009-06-28). "John Peel on Michael Jackson's 'Bad' show at Wembley | Music | The Observer". London: Guardian. Retrieved 2012-12-28.
- "Taylor Dayne - AskMen". Uk.askmen.com. 1962-03-07. Retrieved 2012-12-28.
- Halstead 2003, p. 79.
- "michael jackson - 30th annual grammy awards - live, appearances - Michael Jackson Romania". En.michaeljackson.ro. Retrieved 2012-12-28.
- Campbell 1993, p. 210.
- Published: February 09, 1988 (1988-02-09). "Tickets to Michael Jackson Concerts Sell Out in 4 Hours - New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 2012-12-28.
- Michael Jackson: The King of Pop - Lisa D. Campbell - Google Books. Books.google.ee. Retrieved 2012-12-28.
- Grant, Adrian. Michael Jackson: The Visual Documentary. Retrieved 2012-12-28 at Google Books UK.
- Michael Jackson: The King of Pop - Lisa D. Campbell - Google Books. Books.google.ee. Retrieved 2012-12-28.
- St. Louis Post-Dispatch. March 16, 1988 http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=SL&p_theme=sl&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EB3271B1E88C57D&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM
|url=missing title (help).
- http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=DM&p_theme=dm&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0ED3CFFAAA4614EB&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM. Missing or empty
- . June 16, 1988 http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=DN&s_site=philly&p_multi=PI%7cDN&p_theme=realcities&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EB29B6D62E688C6&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM. Missing or empty
- Saulnier, Jason (23 July 2008). "Jennifer Batten Interview". Music Legends. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
- Campbell, Lisa D. (1993). Michael Jackson: The King of Pop (1st ed.). Branden Books. ISBN 978-0-8283-1957-7.
- Halstead, Craig (2003). Michael Jackson The Solo Years (1st ed.). Authors On Line, Ltd. ISBN 978-0-7552-0091-7.