Badgerline

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For the Wisconsin bus line, see Badger Bus.
Badgerline Group plc
Badgerline.svg
Bristol Harbourside Badgerline 5531 EWS739W.jpg
Preserved Bristol VR in May 2011
Founded April 1985
Ceased operation 16 June 1995
Headquarters Weston-super-Mare
Service area England
Wales
Service type Bus operator
Fleet 4,000 (June 1995)
Operator Badgerline Buses
City Line
Eastern National
Frontline Enterprises
Midland Red West
Potteries Motor Traction
South Wales Transport
Thamesway Buses
Wessex Coaches
Western National
Yorkshire Rider

Badgerline was a bus operator in and around Bristol from 1985 until 2003. Its headquarters were in Weston-super-Mare. Initially a part of the Bristol Omnibus Company, it was privatised in September 1986 being sold to Badgerline Holdings in a management buyout. It went on to purchase a number of bus companies in England and Wales. In November 1993, Badgerline Group was listed on the stock exchange, and on 16 June 1995 merged with the GRT Group to form FirstBus.

History[edit]

The Bristol Tramways Company started operating buses in 1906 to feed traffic into their tram services from beyond the boundaries of the city of Bristol. In 1910 a branch was opened in Weston-super-Mare where the company's first bus station was opened on the sea front in the 1930s. Others were built after World War II at Wells, Bath and Bristol. The company changed its name to the Bristol Omnibus Company in 1957 as it no longer operated trams, but by then it was owned by the British Transport Commission and so became a subsidiary of the National Bus Company (NBC) on 1 January 1969.[1] In the 1980s the NBC split its subsidiaries into smaller operating units. Bristol Omnibus established a separate operating unit for its services outside Bristol in September 1983 and then introduced three distinct brands in April 1985, with operations in Somerset and the Avon outside the city of Bristol becoming Badgerline.[2] This name was then established as a company in its own right which was sold to a group of its managers and staff on 23 September 1986. This was the second bus-operating NBC subsidiary to be sold.[3]

Preserved City Line Northern Counties Palatine bodied Leyland Olympian & Badgerline Bristol VR in May 2011

On 31 May 1985 46 Ford Transit minibuses replaced 18 full-size buses at Weston-super-Mare, the first English town network to be totally converted to minibus operation. Most routes operated at a 10-minute headway during the daytime, with routes combining to give 5-minute headways through the town centre. Headways reduced to 20 minutes in the evening and on Sundays. Full-size vehicles were retained in the town for longer distance services.[4] The town's bus station was closed in 1987 when maintenance facilities were transferred to a new depot in Warne Road.[5]

On 16 June 1995, Badgerline Buses became a subsidiary of the new FirstBus. In 1996, Badgerline merged back into Bristol Omnibus which was also a part of FirstBus although Badgerline was retained as a trading name.[6] In July 1997 the Streamline operation in Bath was purchased by FirstGroup and merged with the Badgerline, although the Streamline name was retained for a while. It had started as a taxi company but expanded into minibus services. At the time of takeover it had 20 buses, three of which were full size single deck buses.[7]

Bristol Omnibus was renamed First Bristol in 1999 but Badgerline was managed independently again from 2000.[8] First Somerset & Avon was created on 30 May 2003 to combine the operations of both Badgerline and Southern National.[9]

Area of operation[edit]

Badgerline's headquarters were in Weston-super-Mare. Bus services extended as far as Chippenham, Calne, Gloucester, Salisbury, Taunton and Yeovil but it also operated National Express Coaches services to destinations such as London. Vehicles were maintained at four depots: Bath, Bristol, Wells and Weston-super-Mare. The allocations on 1 January 1986 and 30 November 1989 were:[5]

Depot 1986 1989
Bath 119 184
Bristol 113 128
Wells 22 25
Weston 88 104

Fleet[edit]

Preserved Ford Transit minibus at Weston-super-Mare station in August 2012

The first years of operation saw the delivery of three different models of minibuses, Ford Transits, Sherpas and Ivecos. The first 36 new full-size buses were 12 double deck, 14 single deck and 10 Volvo coaches. These entered service, mainly at Weston-super-Mare, in May 1987. The following year saw the introduction of 24 Optare StarRider midibuses. These were followed by 10 Leyland Olympians for Bath.[5]

Badgerline was operating 342 buses on 1 January 1986 but this had increased to 441 by 30 November 1989.[5]

Type 1986 1989
Mini- and midi-buses 69 196
Single deck buses 141 97
Double deck buses 89 108
Single deck coaches 42 40
Double deck coaches 1 0

Liveries and brands[edit]

Preserved Bristol VRT in Swift Link livery in August 2012
Eastern Coach Works bodied Bristol VRT open top bus in joint Guide Friday livery in Bath

The livery established in 1985 was yellow with a broad diagonal green panel on each side (about a third of the vehicle) sweeping up and forward. The name was in green serif letters, repeating along a white band above the lower deck windows (at roof level on single deck buses) interspersed with a badger logo. Some vehicles carried a white livery with one band each of yellow and green, horizontal along most of the side but up swept at the rear. These were branded for specific services: minibuses were being branded 'Mini Link' and buses with coach seats 'Swift Link', although this brand was soon dropped as it was difficult to always roster branded vehicles to Swift Link routes. Coaches that were not in Roman City, National Express or National Holidays livery were painted white, yellow and green in broad diagonal panels but these sloped backwards, opposite to ordinary buses. Open top vehicles in Bath carried Roman City livery for a while but were then changed to primrose yellow with olive and Brunswick green bands with both Badgerline and Guide Friday logos.[5]

A revised livery was introduced for minibuses in 1991. This was plain green and with a larger badger logo and the company name in yellow serif lettering.[10] Shortly afterwards the larger buses started to appear with the new logo and lettering style on a large green area in the centre of the body, either side of which was a yellow area that was angled up and backwards (opposite to the previous scheme).[11]

FirstBus livery began to appear on Badgerline vehicles in March 1998. In line with company policy this was initially only carried by new vehicles that were built to a high specification. The first of these were Wright Renown bodied Volvo B10BLEs for a new express service between Bristol and Bath.[12]

Badgerline Holdings[edit]

The logo behind the rear wheel shows Western National to be part of Badgerline Holdings. It is a preserved Plaxton Beaver-bodied Mercedes-Benz 709D in Penzance in April 2014

In December 1986, six of the company's managers and 90 other staff formed Badgerline Holdings as a limited company to purchase Badgerline from NBC.[5][13][14] Employees held 95% of Badgerline's share capital.[15] It went on to buy two travel agencies, Roman City of Bath, and NBC subsidiary National Travelworld.[16][17] On 7 August 1987 Western National, which operated in Plymouth and Cornwall, was sold by NBC to Plympton Coachlines[18] with Badgerline Holdings having an initial 39% shareholding, which was increased to 66% in August 1988.[15][19]

In April 1988, Badgerline Holdings purchased Midland Red West Holdings,[20][21] another ex-NBC employee buy-out that had purchased Bristol Omnibus in September 1987, and continued to operate city services in Bristol. Because of this the company was referred to the Monopolies and Mergers Commission who reported in March 1989 on concerns regarding the ownership by a single company of the two principal bus operators in Avon. Ensuing discussions led to the company giving two undertakings:[22][5]

  1. it would not seek to re-register any services that had been lost
  2. tenders for subsidised routes would be done fairly and scrutinised by an auditor.

The company created three subsidiaries in 1987 in an attempt to expand into new operating areas, none of which lasted more than a year. It sold its share in Red Admiral to Southampton Citybus[5] but their operations in Poole and Salisbury lost £962,000.[15][23][24]

The company expanded into South Wales and Essex[25] and then floated on the stock exchange as the Badgerline Group in November 1993,[26] followed by acquisition of Potteries Motor Traction and Yorkshire Rider in 1994.[25]

Badgerline Group had also unsuccessfully promoted guided buses and articulated buses as solutions to Bristol's transport problems in the 1990s.[27]

Preserved Thamesway Buses Leyland National in April 2011

The Badgerline Group merged with GRT Group to form FirstBus on 16 June 1995.[28][29] Badgerline Group contributed 4,000 buses to the new company's fleet of 5,600.[25] The operating subsidiaries transferred to FirstBus were:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hulin, P. (June 1974). "Bristol centenary year". Buses (Ian Allan) 24 (231): 205–218. ISSN 0007-6392. 
  2. ^ Companies House extract company no 1966227 First Bristol Limited formerly First City Line Limited formerly Badgerline Limited
  3. ^ "Badgerline sold". Buses (Ian Allan) 30 (380): 500. November 1986. ISSN 0007-6392. 
  4. ^ Morris, Stephen (August 1985). "Weston Mini Link". Buses (Ian Allan) 37 (365): 352–353. ISSN 0007-6392. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Smith, Martin. "The Badger's Tale". Buses (Ian Allan) 42 (420): 113–118. ISSN 0007-6392. 
  6. ^ Lidstone, John G. (January 1997). "Fleet News". Buses (Ian Allan) 49 (502): 40. ISSN 0007-6392. 
  7. ^ Buses (Ian Allan) 50 (516): 4. March 1998. ISSN 0007-6392. 
  8. ^ "First Group: two-way reorganisations and end in sight for big new bus orders". Buses (Ian Allan) 52 (544): 7. July 2000. ISSN 0007-6392. 
  9. ^ First Somerset & Avon Limited formerly First Bristol Buses Limited formerly Bristol Omnibus Company Limited Companies House extract company no 25088
  10. ^ Buses (Ian Allan) 43 (441): 532. December 1991. ISSN 0007-6392. 
  11. ^ Lidstone, John G. (July 1992). "Fleet News". Buses (Ian Allan) 44 (448): 29. ISSN 0007-6392. 
  12. ^ Morris, Stephen (August 1998). "A day on the X39". Buses (Ian Allan) 50 (521): 24–29. ISSN 0007-6392. 
  13. ^ FirstGroup Holdings Limited formerly FirstBuses Group Limited formerly Badgerline Group plc formerly Badgerline Holdings Limited Companies House extract company no 2029363
  14. ^ Bargerline buy out Commercial Motor 4 October 1986 page 16
  15. ^ a b c "History and finance" (PDF). Badgerline Holdings Ltd and Midland Red West Holdings Ltd. Monopolies and Merger Commission. 1989. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  16. ^ Tw more NBC operations sold Commercial Motor 31 March 1988 page 16
  17. ^ Hansard House of Commons 18 April 1988
  18. ^ Morris, Stephen (October 1987). "Badgering onwards". Buses (Ian Allan) 39 (391): 437. ISSN 0007-6392. 
  19. ^ a b NBC privaties two more subs Commercial Motor 13 August 1987 page 22
  20. ^ Companies House extract company no 2059633 FirstBus Group Limited formerly FirstGroup Holdings Limited formerly Midland Red West Holdings Limited
  21. ^ a b In Brief Commercial Motor 21 April 1988 page 28
  22. ^ Badgerline monopoly Commercial Motor 16 March 1989 page 20
  23. ^ Badgerline loses bus war Commercial Motor 7 April 1988 page 15
  24. ^ Badgerline deals appease DTi Commercial Motor 12 October 1989 page 18
  25. ^ a b c Buses (Ian Allan) 61 (648). March 2009. ISSN 0007-6392. 
  26. ^ Ex-bus boss joins Merchant Venturers Bristol Post 11 November 2008
  27. ^ "Further GLT proposals for Avon". Buses (Ian Allan) 44 (46): 7. May 1992. ISSN 0007-6392. 
  28. ^ Badgerline links with GRT The Independent 5 April 1995
  29. ^ Link-up creates second largest bus group: GRT and Badgerline in agreed £265m merger Herald Scotland 5 April 1995
  30. ^ Badger turns to east Commercial Motor 19 April 1990 page 6
  31. ^ Names remain the same Commercial Motor 1 March 1990 page 20
  32. ^ a b Badgerline to split Eastern subsidiaries Commercial Motor 12 July 1990 page 28

External links[edit]

Media related to Badgerline at Wikimedia Commons