Badhan (Persian Governor)

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Bādhān (Persian: باذان‎) (Badhan ibn Sasan) in Islamic historiography was the Persian Governor of Yemen, during the reign of Khosrau II.[1] He ruled from Sana'a. During his rule, he was ordered by Khosrau II to send some men to Medina to bring Muhammad to Khosrau II himself. Badhan sent two men for this task. When these two men met Muhammad and demanded he come with them, Muhammad refused. Instead, he prophesied that Khosrau II had been overthrown and murdered by his son Kavadh II.[1] The two men returned to Badhan with the news regarding Khosrau II. Badhan waited to ascertain the truthfulness of this disclosure. When it proved to be true, Badhan converted to Islam.[1] The two men and the Persians living in Yemen and outside Yemen followed the example of Badhan and also converted to Islam. Thereafter, Badhan sent a message to Muhammad, informing him of his conversion to Islam. In response Muhammad allowed Badhan to continue ruling over Yemen. He sent messages to various parts of Yemeni Arab settlers of different kingdoms of they had trade link at that time,[2] such us Persian qom of cylane,Malaya, Malayana, Bettella, etc. and ordered to built mosques over there.[citation needed]

Badhan was succeeded briefly by his son Shahr.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Passing information about Badhan
  2. ^ Chosroes and Badhan
  3. ^ Encyclopaedia of Islam, By Mufti M. Mukarram Ahmed, Muzaffar Husain Syed, pg.91-92, 241

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