Badhan (Persian Governor)

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Bādhān ibn Sāsān (in Arabic: باذان ابن ساسان‎; also Bādhām باذام) in Islamic historiography was the Persian Governor of Yemen, during the reign of Khosrau II.[1] He ruled from Sana'a. During his rule, Muhammad had started preaching the new faith of Islam. Badhan sent reports about this new faith to Khosrau II. Muhammad had sent a letter to Khosrau II inviting him to convert to Islam. Khosrau tore up the letter and ordered Badhan to send some men to Medina to bring Muhammad to Khosrau II himself in Cteaiphon. Badhan sent two men for this task. When these two men met Muhammad and demanded he come with them, Muhammad refused. Instead, he prophesied that Khosrau II had been overthrown and murdered by his son Kavadh II, his stomach torn just like he had torn his letter. He also prophesised that if Badhan converted to Islam he would be able to keep his throne.[1] The two men returned to Badhan with the news regarding Khosrau II. Badhan waited to ascertain the truthfulness of this disclosure. When it proved to be true, Badhan converted to Islam.[1][2] The two men and the Persians living in Yemen and outside Yemen followed the example of Badhan and also converted to Islam. Thereafter, Badhan sent a message to Muhammad, informing him of his conversion to Islam. He sent messages to various parts of Yemeni Arab settlers of different kingdoms of they had trade link at that time,[3] such us Persian qom of cylane,Malaya, Malayana, Bettella, etc. and ordered to built mosques over there.[citation needed]

Badhan was succeeded briefly by his son Shahr who was killed in battle against Al-Aswad Al-Ansi, an apostate who had declared himself as a prophet when Muhammad became ill after his final pilgrimage to Mecca. Ansi attacked Sana'a in which Shahr was killed. He married Shahr's widow and declared himself ruler of Yemen.[2][4]

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