Badong County

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Badong County
巴东县
County
Part of the town of Xinling, the county seat
Part of the town of Xinling, the county seat
Badong is located in Hubei
Badong
Badong
Location in Hubei
Coordinates: 31°01′N 110°24′E / 31.017°N 110.400°E / 31.017; 110.400Coordinates: 31°01′N 110°24′E / 31.017°N 110.400°E / 31.017; 110.400
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hubei
Prefecture Enshi
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)

Badong County (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: 巴東縣; pinyin: dōng Xiàn; literally: "East of (state of) Ba") is a county located in the extreme west of Hubei province, People's Republic of China. It is under the administration of Enshi Prefecture. The Yangtze River flows through the county and the county seat is located just east of the Wu Gorge in the Three Gorges region.

Badong County is famous for the Shen Nong Stream (Chinese: ; pinyin: Shénnóng ) gorges located near Badong town. The stream itself falls into the Yangtze opposite the Badong center city.

Factories in Badong

The Badong county seat, commonly referred to simply as "Badong", is in the town of Xinling (信陵镇, Xinling Zhen), located on the high southern banks of the Yangtze River channel. The Yangtze valley was flooded during the first decade of the 21st century after the construction of the Three Gorges Dam to the east, but Badong county seat was mostly above the flood line, and so more of the original town survives than is the case in many other river towns along this section of the Yangtze.

Economy[edit]

Coal mining in small pits is the main commercial activity in the region, along with farming. There is also a large cement factory on the river to the east of the town, which is a significant polluter.

The rural population of Badong County, as with many other parts of inland China, has seen major changes in the past two decades. The Chinese government's population control policies in the 1980s and beyond resulted in a sharp drop in births, and also in a change in attitudes, making many couples uninterested in having more than one child. The new freedom to travel and work in other parts of China has also led to a major exodus of workers to the coastal areas of China to find work. The older people tend to stay in the villages, and the workers often return to have their children, but they then generally return to the factories. The overall result is that many villages in Badong are shrinking and some terraced farmland in this largely mountaintainous region is being abandoned and allowed to return to its original state.

Administrative divisions[edit]

The Si Du River Bridge (Yesanguan Town), said to be the highest bridge in the world

Badong County is divided into 10 towns and 2 townships.

Towns:

  • Xinling (信陵, Xìnlíng)
  • Dongrangkou (东壤口, Dōngrǎngkǒu)
  • Yanduhe (沿渡河, Yándùhé)
  • Guandukou (官渡口, Guāndùkǒu)
  • Chadianzi (茶店子, Chádiànzǐ)
  • Lücongpo (绿葱坡, Lǜcōngpō)
  • Dazhiping (大支坪, Dàzhīpíng)
  • Yesanguan (野三关, Yěsānguān)
  • Qingtaiping (清太平, Qīngtàipíng)
  • Shuibuya (水布垭, Shuǐbùyà)

Townships:

  • Xiqiuwan ( 溪丘湾, Xīqiūwān)
  • Jinguoping (金果坪, Jīnguǒpíng)

The main urban area of the county (i.e., the place typically labeled "Badong" on less-detailed maps) consists of Xinling Town - the seat of the county government - on the right (southern) bank of the Yangtze, and the smaller Dongrangkou and Guandukou towns on the opposite side of the river. They two sides of the Yangtze are connected by the Badong Bridge.

Transportation[edit]

G209 on the northern outskirts of Badong's county seat

Due to the difficult terrain and the road conditions, the most convenient way to reach Badong's county seat is with a Yangtze riverboat. Both regular boats and hydrofoils call in the busy Badong harbor on the way up and down between Yichang and Chongqing.

China National Highway 209 notionally crosses the northern half of the county from the northeast to the southwest; a modern bridge carries it across the Yangtze River at the Badong county seat. In practice, however, this highway (as of 2009) is little more than a dirt road on the 20-km section north of the Badong Bridge.

China National Highway 318 crosses the southern part of the county from the east to the west. The new G50 Shanghai–Chongqing Expressway and Yichang-Wanzhou Railway have been recently completed along the same corridor as well. The Siduhe Bridge on the new highway, located near Yesanguan town, is one of the longest bridges of its kinds; the nearby Zhijinghe Bridge is one of the world's tallest arch bridges.

The Badong Station on the new railway, located near Yesanguan Town in the south-central part of the county, is the only railway station within the county. At the planning station it was known as Yesanguan Station, due to its location.

A number of provincial highways run north to south through the county.

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]